Civics Pre-Test Multiple Choice



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Civics Pre-Test
Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. According to the Declaration of Independence, what is the purpose of government if citizens already have natural rights that do not come from human authority?

a.

to provide limits to citizensÕ rights

b.

to help citizens identify right from wrong

c.

to secure and protect citizensÕ rights

d.

to eliminate citizensÕ rights

____ 2. What is the form of government defined by the U.S. Constitution in which representatives are elected by the people to create and enforce laws?



a.

republicanism

c.

the electoral system

b.

constitutional monarchy

d.

federalism

____ 3. In order to collect taxes from the people, what did the Magna Carta specify must happen?



a.

the signature of a king

c.

a direct vote of citizens

b.

the approval of a governing body

d.

an Internal Revenue Service audit

____ 4. In FederalistÊ10, JamesÊMadison argued that the ill effects of special interests (factions) could be prevented by what form of government?



a.

a monarchy

c.

a federal republic

b.

a democracy

d.

a parliamentary system

____ 5. The U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights addressed the grievances that were listed in what important document?



a.

Declaration of Independence

c.

Articles of Confederation

b.

Treaty of Paris

d.

Common Sense

____ 6. Why did the Framers address colonial grievances against the British in the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights?



a.

to prevent the British from committing the same offenses against its other colonies

b.

to prevent the new government from repeating the offenses of the British government

c.

to prevent the British from repeating their offenses if they were to regain power

d.

to announce to the world what those grievances were

____ 7. The Constitution places the Senate in what branch of government?



a.

cabinet

c.

judicial

b.

executive

d.

legislative

____ 8. In order for Congress to propose an amendment to the Constitution, the proposal must win the support of ____ of the members of both houses.



a.

over half

c.

two-thirds

b.

three-fourths

d.

all

____ 9. ArticleÊI, SectionÊ8 of the U.S. Constitution grants Congress the power to do all of the following EXCEPT ____.



a.

declare war

c.

borrow money

b.

punish counterfeiters

d.

incorporate businesses

____ 10. The Framers of the U.S. Constitution believed that this would be the slower, more deliberate, legislative body.



a.

Cabinet

c.

Supreme Court

b.

House of Representatives

d.

Senate

____ 11. The Constitution places the president in what branch of government?



a.

judicial

c.

Senate

b.

executive

d.

legislative

____ 12. The Constitution grants the power to interpret laws to the ____ branch of the national government.



a.

executive

c.

legislative

b.

federal

d.

judicial

____ 13. Which of the following best explains why the U.S. Constitution gives the power of regulating taxation to the Congress, rather than to the President?



a.

The Articles of Confederation had given the Congress the same power.

b.

The colonists wanted taxation to be determined by an elected body.

c.

This power protects the President, because Òthe power to tax equals the power to destroy.Ó

d.

Colonists wanted taxation to be determined by an appointed body.

____ 14. How did the Twenty-fourth Amendment affect who was elected to political office in the South?



a.

It allowed much younger voters to choose candidates.

b.

It allowed wealthy voters to have a greater influence on candidates.

c.

Its grandfather clause permitted more elderly people to run for office.

d.

It allowed more poor African Americans to choose candidates.

____ 15. What argument was used to influence the passage of the Twenty-sixth Amendment?



a.

Those who are old enough to fight in wars should be old enough to vote.

b.

Poor African Americans living in the South should not be denied voting rights.

c.

Those who are old enough to run for U.S. President should be allowed to vote.

d.

People whose grandparents voted should not have to pass literacy tests to vote.

____ 16. During what historical era did Congress pass the first Civil Rights Act to outlaw discrimination against African Americans?



a.

the 1960s

c.

the Progressive Era

b.

the CivilÊWar

d.

Reconstruction

____ 17. Under the principle of federalism, certain powers such as ____ are reserved for state governments, and certain powers are reserved for the national government.



a.

coining money

c.

establishing schools

b.

maintaining the postal service

d.

declaring war

____ 18. In what region of the world did U.S. intervention become common in the early 1900s under TheodoreÊRooseveltÕs government?



a.

Europe

c.

Asia

b.

Latin America

d.

Canada

____ 19. To what nation did TheodoreÊRoosevelt send support for a revolution in order to gain control of the Panama Canal region and clear the way for construction?



a.

Panama

c.

Brazil

b.

Colombia

d.

Spain

____ 20. What was a technological innovation or new farming technique pioneered by early American settlers on the prairie?



a.

dry farming

c.

genetic engineering

b.

the cotton gin

d.

mass production

____ 21. What is the chief benefit of the North American Free Trade Agreement?



a.

more and better paying American jobs

b.

better working conditions for Mexicans

c.

cheaper goods for American consumers

d.

improved environment in North America

____ 22. Which of the following has NOT been deemed unconstitutional under the Òestablishment of religionÓ clause in the First Amendment?



a.

student-led prayer at public school football games

b.

clergy-led prayers at public school graduations

c.

student-led prayer held after school

d.

a law requiring the teaching of creationism

____ 23. In the case of Engle v. Vitale in 1962, the Supreme Court ruled that ____.



a.

parochial schools could not advance religion

b.

states could not bus students to religious schools

c.

a board of regents prayer was unconstitutional in a public school

d.

no student could pray in a public place

____ 24. The First Amendment protects not only pure speech, but also ____.



a.

seditious speech

c.

symbolic speech

b.

slanderous speech

d.

defamatory speech

____ 25. Which legislation gives reporters some means of protection against having to disclose confidential information or sources in state courts?



a.

gag orders

c.

shield laws

b.

libel

d.

ex post facto laws

____ 26. According to the Sixth Amendment, the accused shall enjoy all of the following rights EXCEPT ____.



a.

to be confronted with the witnesses against him or her

b.

to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation

c.

to have a speedy public trial

d.

to choose the judge

____ 27. In Gideon v. Wainwright, the Supreme Court decided that what Sixth Amendment right applies to all defendants?



a.

to have the assistance of an attorney

c.

to be able to post bail

b.

to plea bargain

d.

to plead not guilty

____ 28. Which amendment in the Bill of Rights provides that a person cannot be tried twice for the same crime?



a.

Fifth Amendment

c.

Tenth Amendment

b.

Third Amendment

d.

Seventh Amendment

____ 29. Which of the first ten amendments guarantees the defendant an attorney?



a.

Sixth Amendment

c.

Second Amendment

b.

First Amendment

d.

Fourth Amendment

____ 30. What amendment assures a jury trial in most civil cases?



a.

Fourth Amendment

c.

Sixth Amendment

b.

Fifth Amendment

d.

Seventh Amendment

____ 31. What does the Eighth Amendment in the Bill of Rights prevent?



a.

freedom of religion

c.

excessive bail

b.

searches and seizures

d.

quartering of troops

____ 32. Which of the following is NOT prohibited by the Fifth Amendment?



a.

to be tried twice for the same crime

b.

to have to testify against oneÕs self

c.

to be deprived of property without due process of law

d.

to be subject to cruel and unusual punishment

Civics Pre-Test

Answer Section
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. ANS: C

The Declaration of Independence states ÒThat to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.Ó







Feedback

A

The writers of the Declaration were careful to ensure that governments did not detract from citizensÕ rights in any way.

B

This use of the word ÒrightÓ implies defining moral or ethical behavior, not a natural right or privilege.

C

Correct!

D

Governments are meant to do the opposite.
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