Chinese Philosophy Scenarios The Three Doctrines and Legalism Example



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Chinese Philosophy Scenarios
The Three Doctrines and Legalism
Example: A student knows that they are failing a class. Students from each of these doctrines know they will be in trouble when their parents find out. How do they handle this situation?



Confucianism

Inform parents. Apologize for not living up to standards expected; promise to try and do better.



Daoism

Not worry about it and hope the problem will go away. (Daoists more probably would try to recognize why they are failing and do something to change their behavior if it would make them happier.)


Buddhism

Try to improve. If they don’t improve, accept punishment gracefully.


Legalism

Inform parents, expect and accept harsh punishment.




Directions: Read each of the following scenarios. Based on the situation, write how the student would react if they followed each of the philosophies above.


  1. A student’s friends smoke and are trying to get them to start. How do they handle this situation?

  2. A student has just found $20 in the hall. What should they do?

  3. A student’s parents have just spent a lot of money on a new outfit. The student has been playing around and has gotten ink all over it. What should they tell their parents, or should they?

  4. A student really likes a new student in school, but all the other students are making fun of the new student’s clothes. How should the first student act?

  5. A student knows that an older brother or sister is cheating on tests. How should the student react?

  6. A student sees an opportunity to take something they have really wanted without being caught. How should that student act?


Homework: Take these questions home. Ask a member of your family how and why they would respond to three of these questions. Write down their responses in complete sentences. Thank your family for their help. Privately, try to determine if their response and their reason for that response would best fit the expected behavior of a Buddhist, Daoist, Confucianist, or Legalist.

  1. A student’s friends smoke and are trying to get them to start. How do they handle this situation?

Con:
Dao:
Bud:
Leg:


  1. A student has just found $20 in the hall. What should they do?

Con:
Dao:
Bud:
Leg:


  1. A student’s parents have just spent a lot of money on a new outfit. The student has been playing around and has gotten ink all over it. What should they tell their parents, or should they?

Con:
Dao:
Bud:
Leg:


  1. A student really likes a new student in school, but all the other students are making fun of the new student’s clothes. How should the first student act?

Con:
Dao:
Bud:
Leg:


  1. A student knows that an older brother or sister is cheating on tests. How should the student react?

Con:
Dao:
Bud:
Leg:

  1. A student sees an opportunity to take something they have really wanted without being caught. How should that student act?

Con:
Dao:
Bud:
Leg:


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