Chief Frank Fools Crow Tunkasila, le miyelo. Wotehikeca, le ca mauwelo



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Chief Frank Fools Crow

Tunkasila, le miyelo. Wotehikeca, le ca mauwelo.


Tunkasila, le miyelo. Wotehikeca, le ca mauwelo.
Tunkasila, le miyelo. Wotehikeca, lena cicu welo.
Tunkasila, le miyelo. Wotehikeca, lena cicu welo.

It is sad that the white people did not try to understand the purpose of our Sun Dance or any of our religious ways. Instead they believed we worshipped false gods and needed to become Christians. So missionaries came by the dozens to our reservations. Some built small church buildings and then wanted to build larger ones with schools..

My father once said that when he was only a child, he was told that his great grandfather was one of those who believed that the earth was round and turned. According to him our pipe was designed to be like the world we live on. The bowl we put the tobacco in is round, like the world. And outside this bowl is the endless universe where the stars are. That is why the pipe is so sacred, why it is used for every ceremony, and for prayer to Wakan-Tanka .

Frank Fools Crow (Oglala Lakota)






Bear Butte, SD
Frank Fools Crow, 1992
T. Jay Warren


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