Chemical Weapons: South Korea



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Chemical Weapons: South Korea
Chemical weapons are toxic substances that are capable of harming anything. There are many types of chemical weapons, and each one is designed with destructive properties. Countries started using chemical weapons during World War 1, and there are still stockpiles in use during armed conflicts. Chemical Weapons situations are addressed by Security Council. The first large scale-attack with chlorine gas, a type of chemical weapon, occurred in 1915 in Belgium. The use of several different types of weapons resulted over one million deaths in the First World War. By the end of World War 1, more than one hundred thousand tons of chemical gasses had been expended. By World War 2, the development and stockpiles of chemical weapons had increased. The Soviet Union and the USA were said to have a combined stockpile that could kill all life on earth. There was a ban created in 1925 on the use of chemical weapons, but it had no effect on the increasing the amounts of weapons. The latest attack happened this year, August 21, in Syria. It has been one of the greatest attacks since the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s. There were about 3,600 casualties because of this. A dangerous example of a chemical weapon is sarin. When you are exposed to sarin, you don’t notice it and the symptoms start appearing in a few seconds, you can start to have difficulties in breathing, blindness, abdominal pain, headaches, or rashes. There is a treaty named the Chemical Weapon Convention, it prohibits the use of chemical weapons, stockpiling, and production. The states that have signed but not ratified are Israel and Myanmar. The non-signatory states are Angola, Egypt, North Korea, and South Sudan.
South Korea signed the Chemical Weapon Convention on January 14, 1993 and ratified it April 29,1997. South Korea is against the use chemical weapons and would like to help other delegations remove all chemical weapons. The South Korean military built and operated a chemical weapon destruction facility to eliminate all chemical weapons. South Korea completed the destruction of its entire chemical weapons stockpile in July 2008, becoming only the second Chemical Weapon Convention member to do it. My delegation is against the use of chemical weapons; they condemn the use of them, especially in Syria. This is not because they are against the government of Syria, they support the government but they disapprove their actions.
The delegation of South Korea proposes the following solutions, a treaty that outlaws the use of chemical weapons, the production, and stockpiling, and an army that inspects countries that have signed and ratified the treaty, to make sure that countries have no development of chemical weapons. As mentioned before, the South Korean military once build a chemical weapon destruction facility to eliminate all the chemical weapons; this could be used in other countries and states if they are willing to sign the treaty. If countries have signed and ratified the treaty, and are using chemical weapons, then all their weapons should be destroyed. Another solution proposed by my delegation would be to sign the Chemical Weapon Convention, for all delegations to ratify this treaty. The United States had two common methods used to destroy chemical weapons. The primary method in incineration, where liquid agents are burned. The secondary method is neutralization, depending on the type of agent that is being destroyed; neutralization destroys the chemical agent by mixing it with hot water or hot water and sodium hydroxide. They have used this method in different places and it has been successful. South Korea is willing to use these methods and sign treaties, and encourages other countries to sign the treaties in order of chemical weapons being removed.
Sources:

"NTI." South Korea. James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies. Web. 29 Sep 2013. .


"Business Standard." South Korea condemns chemical weapon use in Syria. N.p.. Web. .
"Wikipedia." List of parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention. Wikimedia Foundation Inc. , 24 9 2013. Web. 29 Sep 2013. .


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