Chatsworth International School I. B. History hl/SL



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Chatsworth International School

I.B. History HL/SL




A Student Handbook for examinations in 2013





Contents


Chatsworth International School 1

I.B. History HL/SL 1



Contents 2

Topic 1: Causes, Practices and Effects of War 15

Major Themes 15

Material for Detailed Study 15

Major Themes 17

Material for Detailed Study 17

For details of the course, assessments etc. check wikispaces ib1history
Welcome to I.B. History.
This course, like all your I.B. courses is a two-year course. At the end of the first semester of Year 12, you can decide whether to do History Higher Level or stick with Standard Level. However, given the time and effort involved in this course, it may benefit you to do History Higher Level. This guide provides you with some details about what you are going to study. There is additional information about how to write essays, analyze and interpret cartoons, and other skills which are an integral part of this course.
Year 12 ( Standard Level )
Semester one: Paper 2 Topic 1: Wars and Warfare ( 16+weeks)
Paper 1 Prescribed Topic: The Arab Israeli Conflict 1948-1979
Semester two: Topic 3: Single party states ( 17+ weeks)

and

Topic 5: The Cold War from 1945-1989 (SL only)

Year 13 (Higher level)
East Asia Option
China 1830 -1976

Japan 1868-1945

Korea 1876-1945
Please note that this is an approximate breakdown of when the topics are to be taught. Overall, at the IB level you are expected to do an in-depth study of about one 100 years. So you begin your study at the turn of the 20th century and look at the events, issues and personalities that have shaped the history of the twentieth century until about 1980. For the East Asia option, the period of study starts with the events of 1839 onwards and stops with the start of the Second World War. In IB history, the topics tend overlap a good deal, so the material covered in the course will be valid for papers 1 and 2. Paper 3 is taught separately but once again, the information in paper 3 provides the background for some topics in paper 2 as well. The Paper 3 topics will be introduced in the second semester of Year 12.

Summary of topics for Papers 1 and 2 :
Papers 1 and 2 ( These topics are compulsory for ALL IB History students)
Paper1:
Prescribed Topic #2: Arab Israeli Conflict 1945-1979
Paper 2: Topic 1 : Wars and Warfare , Topic 3: Rise and rule of single party states


  • The First World War ( causes course and results)

  • The Rise and rule of Single party states- Stalin 1924-1953

  • The Spanish Civil War

  • The Chinese Civil War

  • The Second World War ( causes, course and results)

  • The Iran Iraq War

  • The Gulf War

  • The Rise and Rule of Single Party States- Mao 1949-1976



  • The Cold War ( 1945-1980) for SL students

  • Cause: Long term, short term and immediate causes

  • The Korean War

  • The Cuban Missile Crisis

  • The Cold War in the Middle East

  • The Vietnam War

  • The end of the Cold War


Summary of topics for Paper 3: This paper is for HL students only
Year 12: Semester 2
Option 4: Aspects of the history of Asia and Oceania.

The selection will include the following topics


Traditional East Asian Societies Late 18th to mid 19th century

  • The Qing Dynasty from 1793-1839

    • Gunboat Diplomacy and its consequences:

    • The Opium Wars and the Unequal treaties

    • Taiping Rebellion : Causes and Consequences

  • Tokugawa Shogunate’s rule in Japan and challenges to it

    • Commodore Perry’s expedition and the crisis in the Shogunate


Year 13 Semester1

Early Modernization and Imperial Decline in East Asia- mid 19th to early 20th century


  • The Qing Dynasty ( 1868-1911)

    • The Tongzhi Restoration and the Self Strengthening Movement

    • The Impact of the Defeat in the Sino Japanese War and the response in China

    • The Boxer rebellion and late Qing reforms

    • The Rise of Sun Yat Sen and the Double Tenth Revolution



  • Korea Isolationist

    • The role of the Taewongun

    • Treaty of Kanghwa and the Opening up of Korea

    • Reaction and Rebellion

    • The Sino-Japanese War and its impact

    • Annexation in 1910



  • Meiji Japan

    • Meiji restoration and the Constitution of 1889

    • Social cultural and economic developments in Meiji Japan

    • Japanese Foreign Policy 1868-1905 and its commitment to military power

  • Korean isolation: Opening (1876), rebellions; annexation ( 1910)



Year 13 Semester 2

The Republic of China ( 1942 -1949) and the Rise of Communism


  • Background to the rise of Mao in 1949( this topic overlaps with Paper 2)

    • Turmoil in China 1911-1925

    • The GMD and the Chinese Communist Party ( CCP) ideology and policies

    • The Chinese Civil War and Communist Victory



Imperial Japan: empire and aftermath 1912-1952
Rise of militarism and the influence of the army in politics
Japanese Foreign Policy 1931-1945
Defeat and US Occupation: Political and military changes

Socio-economic and Cultural reforms under the Occupation 1945-1952



Internal Assessment:

( 25% of the Grade for SL and 20% of the grade for HL
In addition to your exam topics, you are expected to complete an Internal Assessment which is a research investigation on a topic of your choice. You will receive some direction, but it will have to be completed on your own. You should ideally choose topics within the IB curriculum as this will benefit you in your preparation for the IB exams but that remains your choice. Work for this will begin towards the end of Year 12. The first draft and later the final copy will be submitted during your time in Year 13. The dates for this are in your student planner. This will be internally assessed by the teacher and then sent on to an external moderator.
Extended Essay:
This is a compulsory segment of the IB course. The extended essay is your opportunity to do some independent research on a topic or subject that interests you. You may or may not choose to do your Extended essay in History. If you are, then a good idea might be to start thinking about a possible topic as soon as possible and doing some reading about and around the topic. This is so that you can frame a research question, when the time comes.

Textbooks:
The IB course is designed in such a way there no one book can possibly cover all the material. So you will need to read a number of books.
IB History Course Companion: This will be your basic text which covers the material for papers 1 and 2. This is a very basic text and so you will to read other texts which will provide the analysis and details that you will require.

This book comes to class with you every time you have a History lesson


Pearson Baccalaureate History Texts : A Comprehensive Guide to Paper1, Authoritarian Rule and Single Party States, The Causes, Practices and Effects of War
For most of the IB topics, this series of textbooks will be your key text. It is fairly detailed and covers most of what you will need to know. Copies of these texts are in the library and you should check them out as the topics are being covered in class. Additional reading or assignments maybe assigned from this set of texts

However for the top marks in the subject, the analysis provided in the handouts or recommended websites is highly recommended


OCR History Mao 1927-1976
Topic Specific texts:

World War 1 and 2

Mastering World history Norman Lowe

Wars and Warfare: John L Tomkinson
Hitler:

The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich Geoff Lawton

Modern World History Bruce Dennett and Stephen Dixon
Mao:

The People’s Republic of China Michael Lynch

China 1900-1976 Geoff Stewart
Paper 3:

Revolutions and Rebellions Jack Gray

History of Modern Japan Andrew McClain

Modern East Asia Schirokauer and Clark




Key reading:

The Rise of Modern China Immanuel Hsu

Single Party States: John.L, Tomkinson

The Arab Israeli Conflict T.G.Fraser

The Arab-Israeli Conflict Kirsten M Schulze
Handouts will be given out as and when necessary. So please make sure you have a folder to keep all those handouts.

Be prepared to do a fair amount of reading but more importantly talk and discuss ideas.


For Japan and Korea there is no set textbook, there will mostly be handouts and readings on Wikispaces IB1History

Assessment Outline: Standard Level


External Assessment 75%
Written Papers 2 1/2 hours
Paper 1 1 hour 30%
A document-based paper on the prescribed subjects drawn from 20th century world topics.

Your topic is the Arab Israeli Conflict 1949-1979

The examination paper will consist of four questions.

All four questions from the section are to be answered.

The maximum mark for this paper is 25.




Paper 2 1½ hours 45%
An essay paper based on the 20th century world history topics

Two questions to be answered each chosen from a different topic

The maximum mark for each question is 20

The maximum mark for the paper is 40



Internal Assessment 25%
Historical investigation
This is marked out of 25 points

Candidates must undertake a historical investigation on topic selected from the areas of study.


Internally assessed by the teacher and externally moderated.

Assessment Outline: Higher Level


External Assessment 80%

Written Papers 5 hours


Paper 1 1 hour 20%
A document-based paper based on a prescribed subject drawn from 20th century world topics. Your topic is the Arab Israeli Conflict

The examination paper will consist of four questions.

All four questions have to be answered.

The maximum mark for this paper is 25.


Topic: The Arab Israeli Conflict 1945-1979

Paper 2 1½ hours 25%
An essay paper based on the 20th century world history topics

Two questions to be answered, each question chosen from a different topic

There are five topics in the paper. We cover three in class.

The maximum mark for each question is 20.

The maximum mark for the paper is 40

Topics chosen: 1. Wars and warfare 3. Rise of single party states and 4. The Cold War



Paper 3 2½ hours 35%
Four separate essay papers, each based on one of the regional options

Three questions to be answered

The maximum mark for each question is 20

The maximum mark for this paper is 60


Option selected: Option 3 Aspects of the history of Asia and Oceania

School focus: ( China , Korea and Japan )



Internal Assessment 20%

Historical investigation. This is marked out of 25

Candidates must undertake a historical investigation on topic selected from the areas of study.


Internally assessed by the teacher and externally moderated.

Class Assessments for IB History:
Your assessments for the IB history course to prepare you for the examinations in May 2013 will include the following:

  • Participation in class discussions, this will mean that you must keep up with the required reading,

  • In class presentations both oral and/or using Power point

  • Document based assessment questions

  • Essays both in class and take-home

  • Quizzes

Your semester grade for the course will include 50% of your continuous assessments grades and 50% of your semester examination grade.


Year 12
Semester 1

Quizzes 5

In class participation/presentations and activities 10

Document based questions 10

Essays ( in class and take-home) 25

Exams 50


Semester 2

Quizzes 5

In class participation/presentations and activities 10

Document based questions 10

Essays ( in-class and take-home) 25

Exams 50
Year 13: Weightage of assessments remains the same as for Year 12


Additional Assessments

Internal Assessment . This is an IB assessment and is compulsory for all students studying History.


Due date for this assignment is already in your handbook and student planner.
Year 12 Semester 1& 2 :Detailed breakdown of topics ( 17 weeks)
Year 12: Semester 1 (8+10 ) 18 weeks)
Paper 1 Prescribed topic 2: The Arab Israeli Conflict 1945-1979


  • Main Textbooks

The Oxford History Course Companion



Contested Spaces: The Arab Israeli Conflict
This topic addresses the development of the Arab Israeli conflict from 1945 to 1979. It also looks at the role of the outside powers in the conflict: either as promoters of tension or mediators in an attempt to lessen tensions in the region. The prescribed subject requires the study of the political, economic and social issues behind the dispute and the specific causes and consequences of the military clashes between 1948-1973. The end date for the prescribed topic is 1979 with the signing of the Egyptian Israeli Peace Accord. The details learned here form the background for Paper 2 Topic 1: The Iran-Iraq War and the Gulf War.
Areas on which the source-based questions will focus are:


  • The last years of the British Mandate: UNSCOP , Partition Plan and the outbreak of the Civil War




  • British withdrawal : establishment of Israel : Arab response and 1948-49 war.



  • Palestinian Diaspora and the Jewish Immigration and development of the Israeli state




  • Suez Crisis of 1956: role of GB, France, USSR , Israel, USA and UN



  • Arabism and Zionism and the emergence of the PLO




  • Role of the US USSR and UN in this conflict



  • The Six Day War and the Yom Kippur War: Causes Course and Consequences




  • Camp David and the Egyptian Israeli Peace Agreement




  • Conclusion: What is the future of the Arab Israeli conflict?

Assessments for Paper 1
The assessments for this paper will be documents based questions
This paper, focuses on your being able analyze, interpret and evaluate the significance of documents. You will be expected to be able to pick out points that are common to two or more documents, pick out the points where the documents contradict each other.

Your are expected to have a fairly detailed background knowledge of the subject
The skills learned to answer questions for this paper are what you will need to complete the Internal Investigation.
For this topic your paper will include the following types of questions

1. Interpret documents: letter, memoirs, cartoons pictures etc

2. Compare and contrast documents

3 Assess the value and limitations of documents based on their origin and purpose

4. Construct an argument based on the evidence available and your knowledge of the event.
Assessments include:
Document based questions: Interpretation of documents
Debates: What were the reasons for the 1st Arab Israeli War?
Role Play: Planning the Suez Criss
Movies: A History of Israel by Martin Gilbert

Also: Exodus Jerusalem and Lawrence of Arabia

Teaching for Paper 2 starts in Semester 1 and continues to the end of Semester 2

Topic 1: Causes, Practices and Effects of War



Main textbooks


  • IB Course Companion Brian Mimmack, David Smith, et al

  • Pearson Baccalaureate Series Keeley Rogers, Brian Mimmack et al

War was a major feature of the 20th century. In this topic the various types of war should be identified, and the causes, nature, effects and results should be studied.

Major Themes





  • Different types of 20th century warfare

  • civil, guerrilla, limited, revolutionary

  • total war




  • Origins and Causes of War

  • long term and short term causes, failure of diplomacy

  • economic, ideological, political, religious causes




  • Nature of 20th Century War

  • technological developments, tactics and strategies, air, land, sea

  • the home front, the role of women

  • resistance and revolutionary movements




  • Effects and Results

  • treaties, and wars ending without treaties

  • political repercussions, territorial changes

  • social and cultural effects, changes in the status of women

  • post war economic problems

Material for Detailed Study





  • First World War ( 8 weeks)

  • Second World War ( 4 weeks)

  • Spanish Civil War and Chinese Civil War ( 4 weeks )

  • Iran Iraq War ( 1 week)

  • Gulf War

  • Algerian Civil War.

  • Nicaraguan Revolutions

The last three topics, you will choose any one for individual study and research

Topic 1: Causes practices of War (17 weeks)
Detailed study for this topic will include


  • Discussion of war and types of warfare in general




  • Background to WW1: Read and discuss and make notes on sections of Chapter 5 of the Key features of Modern History




  • Read and make notes on Chapter 6: World in 1900




  • Movie: Merry Christmas followed by a discussion about wars and attitudes towards war.




  • Written Assessments: Document Based Questions and Essays about the Causes of WW1




  • Course and practices of war: Read and discuss chapter 9




  • Definition of Total War




  • In class presentations on the results of WW1.



Possible essay topics for Topic 1



  1. Assess critically three causes of the First World War.



  1. Assess the aims of two countries entering the First World War. To what extent were they successful in achieving their aims?




  1. How far is it correct to say that the First World War was a total war?









  1. To what extent did foreign involvement contribute to the outcome of the Spanish Civil war or the Chinese civil war


Year 12: Semester 2 ( 16 weeks)
An important development of the 20th Century, especially in the post – Second World War era, was the decolonization of the majority of former colonies and their emergence as new states. Emphasis should be placed on the origin of new states, the problems associated with achieving independence, the difficulties faced by new governments and the attempts to solve them.
Topic Two: The Rise and Rule of Single Party States


  • Main textbooks

        • Bolshevik and Stalinist Russia

        • The People’s Republic of China

        • The Oxford History Course Companion

Major Themes





  • Origins of single party states

  • conditions which produce single party states

  • emergence of leader: aims, ideology, support




  • Establishment of single party states

  • methods: force, legal

  • form of government, ideology (left wing and right wing)

  • totalitarianism, treatment of opposition




  • Rule of single party states

  • political, economic and social policies

  • role of education, the arts, the media, propaganda

  • status of women, treatment of minorities and religious groups




  • Regional and global impact

  • foreign policy as a means of maintaining the regime

  • impact of regime outside the state

  • as a factor in the Cold War

Material for Detailed Study


  • China Mao Zedong ( in year 13)

  • Germany Adolf Hitler

  • Egypt Nasser

  • USSR Josef Stalin

  • Argentina Juan Peron

  • Cuba Fidel Castro

The last three topics, you will choose any one for independent study and research.

Major Assessments for this topic:
Treaty revision: An attempt to rewrite the treaty of Versailles
Oral Presentations on the Results of World War 1
Presidential Campaign to emphasize the understanding of the main ideologies and principles of government
Debates: Did World War 1 cause the Russian Revolution?

Was Stalin a modernizer and the creator of a modern USSR or a monster?


Role Play: MUN style debate on the Abyssinia Crisis
Document study: Understanding and analyzing primary and secondary source material

Essays: The main emphasis for this topic will be to focus on the development of essay writing skills and document study skills as the material from this topic is relevant for Paper 1 as well.

Possible essay topics:




  1. Analyse conditions that led to the single party states during the 20th century.




  1. Explain and examine the methods used by one of the following rulers of single party states to obtain and keep power: Lenin, Peron or Mao




  1. Evaluate the impact of two of the following single party regimes on world affairs: China under Mao; Cuba under Fidel Castro; the USSR under Stalin


Additional reading:
While the list above is by no means comprehensive there are a couple of books that you could and should read. These are works of fiction but they will help to clarify many of the events of the time through stories which are very interesting to read.
Exodus Leon Uris

Mitla Pass Leon Uris

The Lemon Tree Sandy Tolan

O Jerusalem Dominic Lapierre and Larry Collins

Dreadnought Allan Massie

Nicholas and Alexandra Nicholas Massie

Stalin Robert Service

Movies to watch
While some movies will be shown in class to help explain some of the events that you will be studying in class

All Quiet on the Western Front ( shown in class)

Merry Christmas

O Jerusalem : The Movie

Blood and Tears: A documentary of the Arab Israeli Conflict

For Whom the Bells Toll

Days of Glory

The Inn of the Sixth Happiness

Defiance


Escape from Sobibor

Defiance


Saving Private Ryan

From Here to Eternity


Year 13: Paper 3: HL only ( Regional Option) Teaching for this starts in Term 2
East Asia option: This paper focuses on the events in China and Japan.

The recommended period of study is 100 years. Within this option, students should be aware of key political social, economic and cultural events and themes that have affected this region. The 18th and 19th centuries saw the extension of western imperialism in the region which was gradually, over a lengthy period of time, replaced by national movements and independence. The focus of this in-depth study will be China and Japan and their different responses to Western Imperialism.


Rationale for opting to offer this option: This option was chosen for Paper Three, because it conforms with the regional option. Given the growing importance of China in this region, it would be an advantage to understand political, economic and social developments in China Japan and Korea during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
China from the mid 18th century to 1976

Japan from 1868-1945

Korea 1868-1945

( Some of this material will be covered as a part of the paper 2 the Rise and rule of single party states option)
Key texts:

Rebellions and Revolutions Jack Gray
History of Modern Japan Andrew McClain
The Impact of Chairman Mao Sally Walker et al. OCR history series
China 1900-1976 Geoff Stewart
The Rise of Modern China Immanuel Hsu
A History of Modern China John.G. Fairbanks
Modernization and Revolution in China June Grasso et al
Modern East Asian History Schirokauer and Clark
A History of Japan Kenneth Henshall
A History of China J.A.G. Roberts
There are several books in the class library which are available for further reading and reference.
Readings from other texts and handouts given as and when necessary.
You are advised to read To Live by Yu Hua. This book is by a Chinese writer whose works were originally banned in China. It deals with one man’s experiences during the Chinese Civil War.


Movies to watch: While you will watch some movies in class.
Mao: documentary

China : A Hun

Memoirs of a Geisha

The Painted Veil

The Last Emperor

55 Days in Peking ( shown in Class)

Tai Pan

The Rape of Nanjing ( very brutal and quite distressing!)



The

Tora Tora Tora

To Live
Assessements:
Newspaper Interview with McCartney
Debate: Was the self strengthening movement a failure?
Power Point Presentations: The Hundred Days Reform

Japan in the Meiji restoration


Role Play: Who should be awarded the double-eyed peacock feather: Assessing the roles of Li Hongzhang, Zeng Guo Fen and Zhang Zhidong

Trial of Terauke Masuachi: Was it fair to colonize Japan?

In class and Take home essays
Some possible questions:

1. “In the reign of Qianlong (Ch’ien-lung) (1736 to 1795), the Qing (Ch’ing) dynasty reached its peak of power and achievement and began its long decline.” Explain this apparent contradiction.
2. Why and to what extent was feudalism in Japan declining before the arrival of Commodore Perry in 1853?
3. “The policies and attitudes of both the Chinese and the British in 1839 made war between them inevitable.” To what extent do you agree with this statement?
4. Why did the Self-Strengthening movement in China (1861 to 1894) prove to be less effective than the Meiji reforms in Japan (1868 to 1894)?

For your IB History course


please make sure you bring the following each time you have class
1. A file to hold papers and handouts
2. File paper to write notes


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