Chapters 8 and 9 Study Guide



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Chapters 8 and 9 Study Guide

  1. French agents tried to get bribes from the United States and caused a scandal known as_______?

XYZ Affair

  1. During the troubles with France, _________ in Congress passed laws to limit immigration and restrict free speech.

Federalists

  1. The debate over states’ rights had been going on since the writing of the _______________.

Constitution

  1. Robert Livingston and James Monroe offered to buy __________, but Tallyrand offered to sell all of ___________.

New Orleans/Louisiana

  1. Lewis and Clark traveled west across the United States until they reached the _________ Ocean.

Pacific

  1. During the War of 1812, Native Americans _____________much territory.

Lost

  1. John Adams helped the United States avoid war with ___________ in 1800.

France

  1. In his Farewell Address, George Washington advised against becoming involved in European affairs because…..?

He did not want the U.S. to be dragged into war.

  1. The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions were examples of what Ch.8 vocab term?

States’ Rights

  1. How was the French Revolution like the American Revolution?

Both began as a fight against monarchy and inequality.

  1. Why did many Southerners oppose Hamilton’s financial plan?

Southern states had already paid off their state debts.

  1. Why did southern members of Congress agree to support Hamilton’s plan?

Hamilton agreed to move the capital further south to Washington D.C.

  1. According to the Republicans, what did the Sedition Act violate?

First Amendment

  1. What issues divided Republicans and Federalists during John Adam’s presidency?

Alien Act, XYZ Affair

  1. What were 3 results of the Lewis and Clark expedition?

Gathered info about plant and animal life in the west, increased knowledge about Native Americans in the region, created a map to the Pacific Ocean.

  1. From which foreign nation did the United States purchase Louisiana?

France

  1. Why was Thomas Jefferson uneasy about making the Louisiana Purchase?

He did not have the constitutional power to buy land from another country.

  1. The Supreme Court rules that a new law violates the Constitution. This is an example of what power?

Judicial Review

  1. The Mississippi River was especially important to farmers because it______________________.

Allowed them to ship their goods to market in New Orleans

  1. What was the primary function of the National Bank going to be according to Hamilton?

A safe place for the deposit of government funds

  1. an outsider or someone from another country

Alien

  1. the first chief justice of the Supreme Court

John Jay

  1. a person who buys things hoping the price will rise and that he or she will make a profit

Speculator

  1. a general who defeated Native American tribes in the Battle of Fallen Timbers

Anthony Wayne

  1. author of the Virginia Resolution and ally of Jefferson

James Madison

  1. pay in return for protection

Tribute

  1. wrote the national anthem

Francis Scott Key

  1. encouraged Native American tribes to unite against western settlement

Tecumseh

  1. supporters of the War of 1812

War Hawks

  1. separates river systems flowing in opposite directions

Continental Divide

Thomas Jefferson, 1798 “They have brought into the lower house a sedition bill, which . . . undertakes to make printing certain matters criminal. . . . Indeed this bill and the alien bill both are so [against] the Constitution as to show they mean to pay no respect to it.”


  1. What are the “certain matters” that Jefferson is referring to in this quote?

Printing criticism of the government

  1. What did Thomas Jefferson mean when he said that the bills referred to in this quote were against the Constitution?

They violated constitutional rights, especially the rights of speech and the press guaranteed by the First Amendment.



  1. What does the map illustrate about growing political tensions in the nation?

Different interests and political views were dividing regions of the country.


“Let us, then, fellow-citizens, unite with one heart and one mind. . . . But every difference of opinion is not a difference of principle. We have called by different names brethren [members of a society] of the same principle. We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists. . . .

“What more is necessary to make us a happy and prosperous people?. . . . a wise and frugal Government, which shall restrain men from injuring one another, shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvement, and shall not take from the mouth of labor the bread it has earned. This is the sum of good government. . . .”



— Jefferson’s Inaugural Address, 1801




  1. Based on the excerpt, Jefferson




A

expected Federalists to flee the country.

B

wanted to have good relations with Federalists.

C

intended to crack down on corrupt officials.

D

believed that differences between Republicans and Federalists were widening.


  1. Which of the following statements reflects Jefferson’s ideas as expressed in the excerpt?




A

The United States needs a larger military.

B

Federal powers must be increased.

C

Government expenses should be reduced.

D

The government should regulate businesses in order to protect laborers.





  1. Which of the following statements is best supported by the information in the table?

A

The New England delegation mostly supported the war.

B

There were few regional differences in regard to supporting the war.

C

New England feared its cities would be blockaded by the British.

D

Representatives from the South and the West were largely in favor of the war.


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