Chapter eight True/False



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chapter eight
True/False

Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
____ 1. In 1789, Congress set up the State Department, the Treasury Department, and the War Department to help President Washington run the government.
____ 2. The federal court system established by the Judiciary Act of 1789, allowed state courts to have more power than federal courts.
____ 3. The Bill of Rights limits the power of government and protects the rights of individuals.
____ 4. Southern states did not like Hamilton's plan to pay off the federal debt because they owed less for the cost of the American Revolution than Northern states.
____ 5. The Whiskey Rebellion was a civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal government.
____ 6. The Proclamation of Neutrality barred French and English warships from American ports.
____ 7. Many people opposed Jay's Treaty because it allowed British soldiers to remain on American soil until 1803.
____ 8. Washington was turned down when he offered to serve three terms as president.
____ 9. As members of Washington's cabinet, Hamilton and Jefferson shared many of the same ideas on economic policy and foreign relations.
____ 10. Washington expressed concern that political parties were a threat to the ability of the people in government to work together.
____ 11. Federalists believed in a strong federal government that used representatives to speak for the people.
____ 12. Congress passed the Alien and Sedition Acts in an effort to protect the security of the nation.
Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 13. With which of the following did Congress establish a federal court system?

a.

Bill of Rights

c.

Judiciary Act of 1789

b.

Hamilton's Plan

d.

Report on the Public Credit

____ 14. What department handles relations with other nations?



a.

State Department

c.

Treasury Department

b.

War Department

d.

Foreign Department

____ 15. To open Ohio to white settlement, Anthony Wayne forced 12 Native American nations from the Great Lakes region to sign the



a.

Treaty of Greenville.

c.

Treaty of the Great Lakes.

b.

Shawnee Treaty.

d.

Anthony Wayne Treaty.

____ 16. A person favoring one side of a political issue is



a.

a faction.

c.

a party favor.

b.

partisan.

d.

implying power.

____ 17. The Democratic-Republicans believed in



a.

state banks.

c.

rule by the wealthy class.

b.

a national bank.

d.

protective tariffs.

____ 18. The Democratic-Republicans believed in strong state governments and



a.

rule by the wealthy class.

c.

a strong federal government.

b.

a national bank.

d.

rule by the people.

____ 19. What law made it illegal to criticize the government?



a.

Alien Act

c.

Naturalization Act

b.

Sedition Act

d.

Tyranny Act

____ 20. What made it more difficult for white aliens to become citizens?



a.

Alien Act

c.

Naturalization Act

b.

Sedition Act

d.

XYZ affair

____ 21. The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions of 1798 and 1799 spelled out a theory of



a.

states' rights.

c.

federal rights.

b.

individual rights.

d.

soldiers' rights.

____ 22. What are the first 10 amendments that were added to the Constitution?



a.

Report on Public Credit

c.

Judiciary Act of 1789

b.

Bill of Rights

d.

American Government Plan

____ 23. The amount the nation's government owes is called the



a.

national loan.

c.

national plan.

b.

national debt.

d.

national credit.

____ 24. Most Americans considered Jay's Treaty



a.

dishonorable.

c.

an act of treason.

b.

honorable.

d.

an act of courage.

____ 25. George Washington warned that political parties would



a.

divide the nation.

c.

help the nation.

b.

create lively debate.

d.

destroy states' rights.

____ 26. Which view did Thomas Jefferson not hold?



a.

rule by the wealthy class

c.

strong state government

b.

pro-French ideas

d.

pro-state banks

____ 27. Federalists believed in



a.

free trade.

c.

a national bank.

b.

state banks.

d.

rule by the people.

____ 28. To prepare for an election, the Federalists and the Republicans held meetings called



a.

caucuses.

c.

political gatherings.

b.

Constitution meetings.

d.

partisan power meetings.

____ 29. What law gave the president the power to deport aliens?



a.

Sedition Act

c.

Citizen Act

b.

XYZ affair

d.

Alien Act

____ 30. What made it a crime to speak, write, or publish "false, scandalous and malicious" criticisms of the government?



a.

XYZ affair

c.

Sedition Act

b.

Citizen Act

d.

Alien Act

____ 31. The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions suggested that states might



a.

be bound by federal laws.

c.

nullify federal laws.

b.

write their own laws.

d.

overturn neighboring states' laws.

“The President was conducted out of the middle window into the gallery [overlooking Wall Street], and the oath was administered by the Chancellor [the highest judicial officer in the state of New York]. Notice that the business done was communicated to the crowd by proclamation . . . who gave three cheers, and repeated it on the President’s bowing to them.

“As the company returned into the Senate chamber, the President took the chair and the Senators and Representatives took their seats. He rose, and all arose also, and [he] addressed them. The great man was agitated and embarrassed more than ever he was by the leveled cannon or pointed musket. He trembled, and several times could scarce make out to read, though it must be supposed he had often read it before. . . . [I wished] that this first of men had read off his address in the plainest manner, without ever taking his eyes from the paper, for I felt hurt that he was not first in everything.”

–Senator William Maclay of Pennsylvania, April 30, 1789


____ 32.



Which statement best describes Senator Maclay’s impression of George Washington at this first inaugural event?




a.

He was impressed by Washington’s powerful speech.

b.

He was disappointed by Washington’s nervousness.

c.

He enjoyed Washington’s easy rapport with the audience.

d.

He was confused by the contradictions in Washington’s speech.

“You must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself.”


____ 33.



James Madison said this quotation during the process of drafting the Constitution in _____.




a.

1779

c.

1787

b.

1782

d.

1791

“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”

–United States Constitution, Amendment I
____ 34.



The First Amendment protects the _____ of individuals in the United States.




a.

right to vote

c.

right to bear arms

b.

civil liberties

d.

right to a fair trial

“A well regulated Militia. being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”


____ 35.



This meaning of the Second Amendment, quoted here, has often been debated in regard to which issue?




a.

the right of police to use weapons

c.

the right of citizens to hunt

b.

the use of national guard forces

d.

the right of citizens to own firearms

“No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use without just compensation.”


____ 36.



The _____ Amendment of the Constitution provides protections for people accused of crimes.




a.

First

c.

Fifth

b.

Fourth

d.

Ninth

“The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.”

–United States Constitution, Amendment X
____ 37.



James Madison hoped that the Tenth Amendment would allow him to use _____ as protection against the powers of the national government.




a.

the states

c.

freedom of speech

b.

the Supreme Court

d.

the Constitution

“The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.”

–United States Constitution, Amendment IX
____ 38.



What does the Ninth Amendment, quoted here, prevent from happening?




a.

It reserves to the states all the rights and powers not already stated or expressly prohibited in the Bill of Rights.

b.

It prevents the government from claiming that the only rights people have are those rights listed in the Bill of Rights.

c.

It protects people from unreasonable searches and seizures, and requires the government agents to show probable cause before conducting searches.

d.

It prevents the government from imposing excessive bail or fines, and from inflicting cruel and unusual punishments.

“. . .[A]n assumption of the debts of the particular States by the Union, and a like provision for them as for those of the Union, will be a measure of sound policy and substantial justice.

“It would, in the opinion of the Secretary, contribute, in an eminent degree, to an orderly, stable, and satisfactory arrangement of the national finances. . . . [N]o greater revenues will be required whether that provision be made wholly by the United States, or partly by them and partly by the States separately. . . .

“If all the public creditors receive their dues from one source, distributed with an equal hand, their interest will be the same. And, having the same interests, they will unite in the support of the fiscal arrangements of the Government . . . These circumstances combined will insure to the revenue laws a more ready and more satisfactory execution. . . .”

–Alexander Hamilton, ”Report on the Public Credit,” January 1790
____ 39.



In this excerpt, Alexander Hamilton argues that the new United States government should _____.




a.

refuse to pay debts from the Revolutionary War

b.

only pay off Confederation debts to individual citizens

c.

pay off the Confederation government’s debts

d.

only pay off Confederation government debts to foreign countries

“ . . . Persuaded, as the Secretary is, that the proper funding of the present debt will render it a national blessing, yet he is so far from acceding to [agreeing with] the position, in the latitude in which it is sometimes laid down, that ‘public debts are public benefits’—a position inviting to prodigality [extravagance] and liable to dangerous abuse—that he ardently wishes to see it incorporated as a fundamental maxim in the system of public credit of the United States, that the creation of debt should always be accompanied with the means of extinguishment.”


____ 40.



In this excerpt from his report in 1790, Alexander Hamilton, the U.S. secretary of the treasury, feels strongly that the national debt is _____.




a.

not a problem with which the nation needs to concern itself

b.

a good thing because it provides public benefits and stimulates business

c.

should not be undertaken without providing for sources of its repayment

d.

best to avoid entirely if the nation is to keep a strong financial reputation

“During the whole discussion of the foederal constitution by the convention of Virginia, [we] were taught to believe ‘That every power not granted was retained,’ under this impression and upon this positive condition, declared in the instrument of ratification, the said government was adopted by the people of this Commonwealth; but [we] can find no clause in the constitution authorizing Congress to assume the debts of the states! As the guardians then of the rights and interests of their constituents, as sentinels placed by them over the ministers of the foederal government, to shield it from their encroachments, or at least to sound the alarm when it is threatened with invasion, they can never reconcile it to their consciences . . . .”

–Patrick Henry, “Virginia Resolutions on State Debt”
____ 41.



In this passage, Henry says that the assuming by Congress of states’ debts from the Revolutionary War _____.




a.

is a generous gesture by the United States

b.

will improve United States standing in the world

c.

will help citizens recover from the war

d.

violates the states’ constitutional rights

“The support of government—the support of troops for the common defense—the payment of the public debt, are the true final causes for raising money. The disposition and regulation of it, when raised, are the steps by which it is applied to the ends for which it was raised, . . . Hence, therefore, the money to be raised by taxes, as well as any other personal property, must be supposed to come within the meaning, as they certainly do within the letter, of authority to make all needful rules and regulations concerning the property of the United States. . . .

“. . . [A national] bank has a natural relation to the power of collecting taxes—to that of regulating trade—to that of providing for the common defense—and that, as the bill under consideration contemplates the government in the light of a joint proprietor of the stock of the bank it brings the case within the provision of the clause of the Constitution which immediately respects the property of the United States. . . .”

–“On the Constitutionality of the Bank of the United States”


____ 42.



Alexander Hamilton argues in this excerpt that creating a national bank _____ the Constitution.




a.

is not supported by

c.

is stated in

b.

falls within the intent of

d.

violates the intent of

“. . . This spirit [of party conflict], unfortunately, is inseparable from our nature, having its root in the strongest passions of the human mind. It exists under different shapes in all governments, more or less stifled, controlled, or repressed; but in those of the popular form it is seen in its greatest rankness and is truly their worst enemy.

“The alternate domination of one faction over another, sharpened by the spirit of revenge natural to party dissension, which in different ages and countries has perpetrated the most horrid enormities, is itself a frightful despotism. . . . The disorders and miseries which result gradually incline the minds of men to seek security and repose in the absolute power of an individual, and sooner or later the chief of some prevailing faction, . . .turns this disposition to the purposes of his own elevation on the ruins of public liberty.”

–“Farewell Address,” September 1796


____ 43.



In this passage, George Washington warns that conflicts between political parties can lead to _____.




a.

civil war

c.

the best leadership

b.

absolute power by an individual

d.

more personal freedom

“I have a great sincere esteem and regard for you both, and ardently wish that some line could be marked out by which both [of] you could walk”

–President George Washington
____ 44.



In this quotation, Washington makes reference to somehow bringing together the Federalist and Democratic-Republican political positions of which two of his advisors?




a.

Madison and Adams

c.

Pinckney and Burr

b.

Hamilton and Jefferson

d.

Knox and Randolph

“SECTION. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That it shall be lawful for the President of the United States at any time during the continuance of this act, to order all such aliens as he shall judge dangerous to the peace and safety of the United States, or shall have reasonable grounds to suspect are concerned in any treasonable or secret machinations against the government thereof, to depart out of the territory of the United States, within such time as shall be expressed in such order, . . . And in case any alien, so ordered to depart, shall be found at large within the United States after the time limited in such order for his departure, and not having obtained a license from the President to reside therein, or having obtained such license shall not have conformed thereto, every such alien shall, on conviction thereof, be imprisoned for a term not exceeding three years, and shall never after be admitted to become a citizen of the United States.”


____ 45.



What was one effect of Alien Act passed by the Federalist-controlled Congress in 1798?




a.

It drew greater popular support to the policies of the Federalist party.

b.

It increased immigration and gained the gratitude of foreigners already in the U.S.

c.

It discouraged immigration and some foreigners already in the U.S. left the country.

d.

It encouraged greater state support for laws made by the federal government.

“SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That if any person shall write, print, utter or publish, or shall cause or procure to be written, printed, uttered or published, or shall knowingly and willingly assist or aid in writing, printing, uttering or publishing any false, scandalous and malicious writing or writings against the government of the United States, or either house of the Congress of the United States, or the President of the United States, with intent to defame . . . or to bring them. . . into contempt or disrepute; or to excite against them, . . . the hatred of the good people of the United States, . . . or to aid, encourage or abet any hostile designs of any foreign nation against the United States, their people or government, then such person, being thereof convicted before any court of the United States having jurisdiction thereof, shall be punished by a fine not exceeding two thousand dollars, and by imprisonment not exceeding two years.”

–from the Sedition Act, July 14, 1798
____ 46.



The threat of war with _____ made Americans suspicious of noncitizens and encouraged the passage of the Sedition Act, excerpted here, which contradicted the _____ Amendment to the Constitution?




a.

France, Sixth

c.

Russia, Third

b.

Mexico, Fifth

d.

France, First




____ 47.



The map of Native American Campaigns deals with what time period?




a.

1780–1790

c.

1800–1810

b.

1790–1800

d.

none of the above

____ 48.





Based on the map, in what direction did General Anthony Wayne’s forces move after they left Fort Washington?




a.

north

c.

East

b.

South

d.

West

____ 49.





Which choice would be the best title for the causes and effects chart above?




a.

Causes and Effects of Indian Campaigns

b.

Causes and Effects of French-American Alliance in 1778

c.

Causes and Effects of Political Parties

d.

Causes and Effects of Revolutionary War

____ 50.





Study the chart above, and select the type of person who would probably not have been a member of the Federalist party.
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