is the deference that elected officials give to their campaign contributors in making policy decisions.
is commonly used by political parties today.
was an inducement of jobs and financial rewards given for political reasons by party machines.
is based on merit and competence.
is an incentive given by national party offices.
American political parties tend to take middle-of-the-road stands on major issues
only because the party's candidates are so afraid of alienating those on different sides of issues.
while the public tends to have stronger opinions.
because most of the American electorate do not have political opinions.
in spite of evidence that more extreme positions generate more excitement and likelihood for electoral victory.
because most of the American electorate are centrist.
SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question (possible points for each question vary according to the question).
According to the text, political parties in America have five different functions. Please list four of the major tasks that Political Parties accomplish. (8 Points)
The text identifies the political party as a "three headed giant". Please list and define the three components of Political Parties, according to the text. (9 Points)
What is the Party in the Electorate? According to the text, what recent trends (Since 1952) are occurring in party identification? (6 Points)
What is the difference between a closed primary, an open primary, and a blanket primary? Who can vote in each? (6 Points)
Closed Primary –
Open Primary –
Blanket Primary –
ESSAY. Write your answer in the space provided or on a separate sheet of paper.
Compare and contrast the two major party platforms on the following issues: abortion, the environment, health care, taxes, defense spending, and education. If you need to, you can use the back of the test to complete your answer. (15 Points)