Chapter Eight Exam ap government and Politics Mathis multiple choice. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

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Chapter Eight Exam

AP Government and Politics

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. (4 points each)

  1. Which of the following do you need to do to become a Republican or Democrat?

    1. Give money.

    2. Add your name to a mailing list.

    3. Prove that you've voted for the party.

    4. Formally join the party.

    5. All you need to do is believe that you belong to the party of your choice.

  1. Almost all definitions of political parties have which of the following in common?

    1. Parties are run by elites.

    2. Parties have formal organizations.

    3. Parties have limited policy agendas.

    4. Parties have a mass following.

    5. Parties try to win elections.

  1. As ________, political parties serve the role of translating inputs from the public into outputs from policymakers.

    1. superdelegates

    2. linkage institutions

    3. political converters

    4. machines

    5. coalitions

  1. People gradually moving away from both parties is referred to as

    1. dealignment.

    2. realignment.

    3. coalition politics.

    4. partisan drift.

    5. alignment.

  1. Which of the following is FALSE?

    1. A majority of Americans age 65 and older identify with the Democratic Party.

    2. African Americans identify overwhelmingly with the Democratic Party.

    3. Most White Evangelicals identify with the Republican Party.

    4. A majority of Americans under the age of 30 identify with the Democratic Party.

    5. Jews identify overwhelmingly with the Republican Party.

  1. Which of the following contributed to the emergence of the Republican Party in the 1850s?

    1. Divisions in Congress regarding the extension of slavery to new states and territories

    2. Public reaction to Dred Scott v. Sandford

    3. Increasing divisions of slavery, which split the Whigs and Democrats

    4. All of the above

    5. None of the above

  1. In the second party system in United States history, the election contests were between which two major parties?

    1. Democrats and Republicans

    2. Republicans and Whigs

    3. Federalists and Whigs

    4. Democrats and Whigs

    5. Federalists and Anti-Federalists

  1. Andrew Jackson was the first president identified as a(n)

    1. Democratic-Republican.

    2. Democrat.

    3. Independent.

    4. Whig.

    5. Republican.

  1. The first American political party evolved

    1. out of public disgust over the duel between Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton, leading to calls to solve conflicts through peaceful party competition.

    2. out of Alexander Hamilton's efforts to get Congress to establish a national bank.

    3. during the Constitutional Convention.

    4. out of Thomas Jefferson's efforts to get the Declaration of Independence adopted.

    5. from the supporters of George Washington's first campaign for president.

  1. The first party system in the United States consisted of the

    1. Democrats and Whigs.

    2. Democratic-Republicans and Whigs.

    3. Federalists and Whigs.

    4. Democrats and Republicans.

    5. Federalists and Democratic-Republicans.

  1. Which of the following is FALSE?

    1. State parties are on the upswing throughout the country.

    2. State parties' budgets have increased dramatically since the late 1970s.

    3. Today, almost all state parties have permanent physical headquarters and professional staff.

    4. State parties are on the downswing throughout the country.

    5. A, C, and D

  1. If you are registered as a Republican, you can vote in a(n)

    1. Democratic closed primary.

    2. Republican closed primary.

    3. open primary.

    4. blanket primary.

    5. B, C, and D.

  1. Patronage

    1. is the deference that elected officials give to their campaign contributors in making policy decisions.

    2. is commonly used by political parties today.

    3. was an inducement of jobs and financial rewards given for political reasons by party machines.

    4. is based on merit and competence.

    5. is an incentive given by national party offices.

  1. American political parties tend to take middle-of-the-road stands on major issues

    1. only because the party's candidates are so afraid of alienating those on different sides of issues.

    2. while the public tends to have stronger opinions.

    3. because most of the American electorate do not have political opinions.

    4. in spite of evidence that more extreme positions generate more excitement and likelihood for electoral victory.

    5. because most of the American electorate are centrist.

SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question (possible points for each question vary according to the question).

  1. According to the text, political parties in America have five different functions. Please list four of the major tasks that Political Parties accomplish. (8 Points)

  1. The text identifies the political party as a "three headed giant". Please list and define the three components of Political Parties, according to the text. (9 Points)

  1. What is the Party in the Electorate? According to the text, what recent trends (Since 1952) are occurring in party identification? (6 Points)

  1. What is the difference between a closed primary, an open primary, and a blanket primary? Who can vote in each? (6 Points)

    1. Closed Primary –

    1. Open Primary –

    1. Blanket Primary –

ESSAY. Write your answer in the space provided or on a separate sheet of paper.

  1. Compare and contrast the two major party platforms on the following issues: abortion, the environment, health care, taxes, defense spending, and education. If you need to, you can use the back of the test to complete your answer. (15 Points)

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