|Chapter: Chapter03: Migration
1. Cuban illegal immigrants who actually make it to the United States’ shores will be
2. Today, an estimated ___________ illegal immigrants live in the United States.
3. What percentage of Haiti’s GNP comes from remittances sent by Haitians living in the United States?
4. The vast majority of legal agricultural workers in Canada are
5. The type of movement that involves journeys that begin at and brings us back to our home base is called
6. Commuters in Washington, DC may travel up to _____ miles each way to work daily.
7. Most nomadic movement takes place according to travel patterns that are
8. Which of the identified types of movement creates your activity space?
9. All of the following are examples of periodic movements except
10. A periodic form of movement that involves a system of pastoral farming whereby livestock and their keepers adjust their location to the seasonal availability of pastures is called:
11. A common form of periodic movement involving as many as 10 million Americans is
12. The long-term relocation of an individual, household, or group to a new location outside the community of origin is called
13. During the first decades of the twentieth century, African American families in the United States migrated primarily to
14. In the United States during the late twentieth century, internal migration streams were moving people from
15. On average, an American citizen moves approximately every ___ years.
16. Internal migration in Peru is fairly simple with the majority of migrants moving to
17. Irish migration to North America in the mid-1800s is an example of
18. Gender studies of migration indicate that men ______________ than women.
19. The smallest number of slaves involved in the Atlantic slave trade was sent to
20. Between 1788 and 1838, tens of thousands of convicts were shipped from Britain to which of the following continents?
21. One of the “laws” of migration as derived by Ravenstein states that
22. Ravenstein, in his study of migration, suggested that there is an inverse relationship between the volume of migration and the distance between the source and destination. That is, the number of migrants _____ as the distance they know they must travel increases.
23. What is the model which states that spatial interaction between places (e.g. migration) is directly related to the population size and inversely related to the distance between them?
24. According to Ravenstein, migrants who move longer distances tend to choose
25. What push factor compelled more than 50,000 Asians to leave Uganda in 1972?
26. Of the 10,000 inhabitants of the Caribbean island Montserrat, 7,000 have left the island and the remaining 3,000 have moved to the north coast of the island because of
27. European migration to colonies reached its peak during the period
28. British colonial authorities stimulated migration of people from this region to colonies such as Singapore, Fiji, and Trinidad.
29. European colonialism stimulated the movement of ___________ to the cities (islands of development) of Southeast Asia where they have become a significant minority population.
30. In terms of total number of refugees, _____ is the geographic realm most severely affected by refugee problems.
31. The intervention of what country in the civil war in Afghanistan caused great numbers of refugees to leave the country?
32. One recent refugee crisis in Southwest Asia took place in 1991, when, in the aftermath of the Gulf War, the __________ population of northern Iraq was forced to leave their villages and flee across the Turkish and Iranian borders.
33. The Afghan Taliban (Islamic fundamentalists) movement, spawned in Pakistan, created a counter migration of 2.5 million Afghanis to ________ when they came to power.
34. Today, the largest refugee numbers in Southeast Asia are reported from
35. In 1995, the collapse of which of the following European countries produced the largest refugee crisis in Europe since the end of World War II?
36. In 1997, the only country in the western hemisphere that had a serious refugee problem was
37. Which is not an example of a fortified barrier to migration?
38. In the period from 1882-1907, the United States Congress passed exclusionary immigration laws designed to keep __________ out of the immigrant stream.
39. The practice of excluding people with criminal records, health problems, or subversive political beliefs from immigrating is referred to as
40. Since September 2001, there has been a greater concern about immigration control to
1. Today, major internal migrations in the United States are toward the Sunbelt and western states.
2. Transhumance involves the permanent movement of populations across major mountain range boundaries (e.g. the Andes between Chile and Argentina).
3. Pull factors are the conditions or perceptions which help a migrant to decide to leave a place.
4. Zanzibar in East Africa was a slave trading location sending African slaves into the Islamic culture region.
5. European global exploration was a consequence of European colonization and the need for geographical information.
6. When migrants move along or through kinship links, this is called chain migration.
7. The map of modern migrations shows a movement from European Russia east toward the Pacific and southeast into Central Asia.
8. Internal migration of Huichol Indians to northern Mexican agricultural regions is a recent development in Mexico’s internal migration pattern.
9. Sri Lanka, because of its Buddhist religion, has never experienced significant refugee problems.
10. Very few countries practice selective immigration.
1. Define cyclic movement and periodic movement. Give examples (perhaps, from your own experience) of each. Describe your own activity space.
2. Look at the map (figure 3.8). Choose three numbered migrations and describe the migrations by type, by who was involved, and the period and consequences of the migration.
3. Discuss the geography of the refugee problem. Discuss the difference between intranational and international refugees and give examples of each type.
4. Define push and pull factors and discuss, with examples, the various types of push and pull factors.
5. What are some of the economic, social, and security issues involved in the debate over United States immigration policy? Describe the several categories of migrants (legal, illegal, temporary worker, refugee etc.) currently residing in the United States.