Chapter 8: Tutankhamun’s Tomb Writing task



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Chapter 8: Tutankhamun’s Tomb



Writing task

Tutankhamun’s family background: Explanation scaffold

Explain the family background of Tutankhamun. Write about one page.

The following scaffold will help you.

Introduction: Write two or three sentences in which you define Tutankhamun’s family background and identify its main parts.

You could start with a sentence such as, ‘Tutankhamun’s family consisted of his royal relations on his father’s side and …’

Body: Write four paragraphs, one for each of the generations in his family tree that you have been given:

great grandparents

 grandparents and their siblings and spouses

 parents and their siblings and spouses

 sisters/wife.

(Make sure that you talk about what you know about the relationships and the problems of evidence that you met when trying to make definite statements about these people.)

Conclusion: Sum up the points you have made in two or three sentences. Here is where you can again point out the relationships between the various groups.

Profile

Who was Tutankhamun?



What was Tutankhamun’s full name? (There are five.)

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What was his birth name? _______________________________________________

Where was he born? ____________________________________________________

Who were his parents? __________________________________________________

Who was his stepmother? ________________________________________________

What are the years of his reign? ___________________________________________

To whom was Tutankhamun married? ______________________________________

Who were two people who followed Tutankhamun to the throne? ____________________________________________________________________

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What were the main events of Tutankhamun’s reign?

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How old was Tutankhamun when he died? __________________________________

The family and other members of Tutankhamun’s court

YUYA

Father of the God, Chief Prophet of Min at Akhmim, Master of the King’s Horse. The father of Tiye. He was a high-ranking court official.

THUYA

Superintendent of the Harim of Amun at Thebes and of Min at Akhmim. The mother of Tiye. Thuya had an important role in the cult of Queen Ahmose-Nefertari.

TEY

Nurse, Governess of the King’s Chief Wife. Wife of Ay. Because she holds no higher titles, it is unlikely that she is the mother of Nefertiti. It is possible that Nefertiti’s mother had died and that Tey, as Ay’s second wife, may have been her step-mother and/or wet-nurse.

AY

Father of the God, Master of the Horse, Fan Bearer on the Right of the King, King’s Own Scribe (personal secretary). He was possibly the son of Yuya and Thuya and may also have been the father of Nefertiti. He was a very high-ranking official at Akhenaten’s court at Amarna and was probably one of the most devout worshippers of the new cult of the Aten. The Great Hymn to the Aten appears in its fullest form in his tomb at Amarna. He became king on the death of Tutankhamun and may even have married Akhenaten’s third daughter, Ankhesenamun, when he ascended the throne.

AANEN

Second Prophet of Amun. The son of Yuya and Thuya and brother of Queen Tiye.

TIYE

Great King’s Wife, Lady of Rejoicing, Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt, Lady of the Two Lands. The chief wife of Amenhotep III.

AMENHOTEP III

Horus Mighty Bull, mighty and strong, subduer of the Asiatics, ruler of truth, developer of the Two Lands, King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Nebmaatre. Important pharaoh of the mid-18th Dynasty.

NAKHTMIN

Royal Scribe, Generalissimo, King’s Son. He was possibly a son of Ay. He was a general in the army during the reign of Tutankhamun and a prominent member of Tutankhamun’s court.

HOREMHEB

Scribe of Recruits, Great Commander of the Army (under Akhenaten), King’s Deputy (under Tutankhamun). He came to prominence during the reign of Amenhotep III and was a key figure in the reigns of Akhenaten, Tutankhamun and Ay. He became king on the death of Ay.

MUTNODJMET

Chief Wife of the King, the Mistress of the Two Lands (under Horemheb). In Amarna tomb reliefs she is described as the queen’s sister and was therefore probably a younger sister of Nefertiti. Her father is believed to have been Ay but we are not sure who her mother was. She is probably the same Mutnodjmet who later became the Chief Wife of Horemheb.

NEFERTITI

The Heiress, Great of Favour, Lady of Graciousness, Worthy of Love, Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt, Great Wife of the King Whom He Loves, Lady of the Two Lands, Neferneferuaten-Nefertiti, may she live forever. She was the Great Royal Wife of Akhenaten. Nefertiti’s parents are unknown but some suggest that Ay was her father because of his title ‘Father of the God’ (i.e., pharaoh’s father-in-law). She was a central figure during her husband’s reign. There is intense debate about her role in the later years of his reign. Some scholars believe that she died in about Year 13. Other scholars believe that Nefertiti changed her name at this time and ruled as co-regent with her husband, taking the new throne name, Smenkhkare.

THUTMOSE

Governor of Memphis, High Priest of Ptah. The eldest son and heir of Amenhotep III. He died at a young age.

AKHENATEN

The King who lives by Ma’at, the Lord of the Two Lands, Neferkheperure Wa’enre, the Son of Re, who lives by Ma’at, the Lord of Re, Akhenaten. Formerly Amenhotep IV.

TADUKHEPA

Daughter of Tushratta, King of the Mitanni. She was married to Amenhotep III in Year 36 of his reign and presumably was inherited by Akhenaten to ensure the preservation of the alliance with Naharin.

KIYA

The Royal Favourite, the wife and greatly beloved of the King Neferkheperure Wa’enre. Some argue that Tadukhepa and Kiya were the same woman (Kiya being her Egyptian name). Recently suggested to have been the mother of Tutankhamun by Akhenaten.

SMENKHKARE

Ankheperure Neferneferuaten, (later) Smenkhkare Djeserkheperu. Probably co-regent with, and successor to, Akhenaten. Theories hold him to be a brother of Akhenaten, a brother of Tutankhamun or even Nefertiti as king.

MERITATEN

Born in Year 2 or 3 of Akhenaten’s reign. Considered by some to have married her father and borne him a child. Is also believed by some to have subsequently been the wife of Smenkhkare.

MEKETATEN

Born in about Year 3 of Akhenaten’s reign. Probably died between Years 12 and 13 as indicated by a mourning scene in the Royal Tomb at Amarna.

ANKHESENPA’ATEN

Born in about Year 7 of Akhenaten’s reign. She later became the wife of Tutankhamun and changed her name to Ankhesenamun.

NEFERNEFERUATEN, NEFERNEFERURE and SETEPENRE

Probably all born before Year 10 of Akhenaten’s reign.



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