Chapter 8: Islam Chpter 9: Christian Societies in Europe

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Unit Three 600 CE – 1450 CE

Chapter 8: Islam

Chpter 9: Christian Societies in Europe

Chapter 10: Inner/East Asia

Chapter 11: The Americas

1. Weakness of early Muslim empires.

1.Large, self-sufficient landholding; lord’s residence, outbuildings, peasant villages, etc

1. Tang Emperors followed Inner Asian precedents in political use of this religion.

1.Compare Inca & Aztec politically

2. Political organization that succeeded Muhammad to administer the Islamic empires

2.Complex set of political obligations; kings/lords gave land to “vassals” in return for military support

2.T or F?: Tang culture was based on Chinese traditions and Asia nomadic culture and war expertise.

2.Compare Inca & Aztec economically

3. Factors that united Muslims despite diversity

3. Christian church was unifying force w/religious, social, and political influence: Give an example of each.

3.T or F?:Mahayana network connected Inner Asia & China intersected vigorous commercial world; materials, goods & cultural influences mixed

3.Compare Inca & Aztec society

4. Caliphate/Damascus, Arab culture, didn’t encourage conversion, focused on conquest and consolidation

4. Religious community apart from secular society; rules of chastity, obedience, poverty. Primary centers of learning, & charitable services in Europe.

4.Type of political relationship by which independ countries acknowledged the Chinese emperor’s supremacy by exchanging gifts for trading rights or strategic alliances

4.Compare Inca & Aztec Culture

5.Caliphate/Baghdad, Persian influenced, translated ancient Greek docs into Arabic; “Golden Age”

5. T or F?: West Europe remained politically centralized after “Fall” of Rome.

5.Capital city of the Tang Empire

5.Mesoamerican and Andean agricultural adaptations to increase production

6. Iberian Islamic region of distinctive blended culture

6. T or F?:The Church had great power over people during the Middle Ages because it controlled food production

6.Backlash against them by Tang elites & internal unrest led to fall of Tang

6.Compare Inca & Aztec conquest by Spain

7. T or F?: Women enjoyed high status under Islamic law, though urban women tended to live in seclusion.

7.T or F?: Population growth, indepen cities in Italy & Flanders, & better plow & horse collar=West Europe’s renewed economy

7.Evidence of Tang/Song Golden Age

7.Inca Achievement that helped empire building

8. Turkic military slaves who formed their own state in Egypt and Syria.

8.Sims/Diffs between West & East Europe politically (600CE- 1200 CE)

8.Most dramatic change in status of women during Song dynasty was manifested by this

8.T or F?: Mesoamerican civilizations shared cultural, religious rituals/social charact

9.T or F?:Seljuk Turks defeated Byzantines and took over Anatolia

9.Dispute between popes & Holy Roman Emperors over ultimate authority over bishops in imperial lands

9.Sims/Diff between European & Japanese Feudalism

9.Difference between Chinese & Aztec tribute system

10. “Land of Gold” First lands outside caliphate to experience a gradual and peaceful conversion to Islam

10. Sims/Diffs between West & East Europe culturally after Rome’s fall?

10.Sims/Diffs between Chinese & Japanese social structure

10.Andean labor system based on obligation to help kinsmen & work for ruler & religious organizations

11. What is Shari’a?

11.Tang and Song relied on this group to administer China

11. T or F? Inca civ based on reciprocal gift giving re- distribution of food/ textiles

12. T or F?: Christian Crusaders had a significant impact on Islamic lands.

12.Evidence of China’s influence on Korea, Vietnam, Japan

12. Conquistador advantage over Amerindians

13. Which culture produced world’s first paper money?

Chapter 12: The Mongols

Chapter 13: Tropical Asia and Africa

Chapter 14: The Latin West

Chapter 15: Maritime Revolution

1 Positive economic effect of Mongol conquest

1. Ibn Battuta’s primary job for many of his Islamic hosts.

1. What document laid foundation for Parliamentary Government in England?

1.Chinese Admiral who established contacts with south Asian & African peoples

2.Negative effect of Mongol conquest

2.The environment of Tropical Africa and Asia is governed by these wind patterns

2. T or F?:The Renaissance was a time of peace/ harmony betwn Italian city-states.

2. Chinese voyages/exploration: Who? What? Where? Why? How? So What?

3. T or F?: Mongols encouraged religious tolerance and occasionally converted.

3. Diff of Islam in India and Africa

3. T or F?: Black death caused end of feudalism.

3. Iberian voyages/exploration: Who? What? Where? Why? How? So What?

4. T or F?: Nomadic societies rarely traded with sedentary societies

4. Major cultural impact of Delhi Sultanate on India.

4. What led to population increases between 1000-1200?

4. Explain difference of European expansion in Africa, Asia & Americas

5. What did Mongols and Turks have in common?

5. Delhi Sultanate contributed to agriculture by doing this.

5. Identify changes in land use during this period

5. Imaginary line that divided world into regions to be claimed by Portugal & Spain

6. Region that Mongols tried to conquer but couldn’t.

6.Dominant political structure in east Africa

6.Identify changes in economic commercial, business patterns during this period

6. Chinese sea trade reached its peak during which dynasty?

7.T or F?: Trade spurred introduction of Islam & Hinduism to Indonesia

7. Identify changes in cultural patterns.

7.T or F?: By 1600, Asia no longer initiated the majority of overland and maritime trade

8.T or F?: Trade on Indian Ocean was highly competitive and divisive

8.T or F?: Cultural contact w/ Muslims exposed Europe to ancient Greek learning and stimulated other changes in European thought and society

8. Interesting coincidence or conspiracy? One group exits the Indian Ocean, another group fills the void.

9. T or F: Trans-Saharan trade was for West Africa what Indian Ocean trade was for East Africa

9. The Renaissance: What? Where? Why? So What?

9.Who should be thank for the invention of the magnetic compass and the astrolabe

10. His pilgrimage resulted in the building of new mosques and Quranic schools

10. How did the Portuguese gain control of the East Indian Ocean trade?

Changes and Continuities

1. Describe and analyze the changes and continuities associated with the impact of the Crusades from 600-1450 on Europe.

During the time period 600-1450 CE the Crusades changed Europe by broadening and exchanging knowledge with the Arab world, and by causing people to question organized religion and their practices, but the Church continued to expand its influence.
2. Describe and analyze the changes and continuities associated with The Black Death from 600-1450 CE in Europe.

The Black Death changed Europe from 600-1450 CE by initiating the decline of feudalism and the loss of faith in the Catholic Church, while the trade along the Asian Silk Routes continued.

3. Describe and analyze the social and economic changes and continuities in China from 600- 1450 CE.

During the time period 600-1450 CE China changed by having the population double due to new crops, and the subordination of women using footbinding, but continued to have a Chinese bureaucracy focused on civil service.

4. Describe and analyze the changes and continuities associated with the impact of the Muslim Empire from 600-1450 CE on Africa.

During the time period 600-1450 the Muslim Empire changed Africa by expanding its trade and economy to include the Mediterranean and India, and created an increase of interaction and trade routes to Sub-Saharan Africa, while continuing to spread Islam throughout the time period.

5. Describe the changes and continuities of the role of women from 600-1450 CE.

Between 600-1450 CE the role of women changed in China and Japan as women had more access to education as a result of Confucianism, and in the Muslim Empire where women were equal in religion, but women continued to be restricted culturally and legally around the world.

Compare and Contrast

Rise of Christianity and Islam:

-started with influential prophet
-struggled against prevailing religious, political, social conditions
-connected to Judaism-People of the Book
-Mohammad not divine
-Islam used mainly military conquest to spread

The Tang and Song dynasties:

-Both primarily Confucian
-both disliked foreign influence
-tang had Mahayama Buddhism
-song had Chan Buddhism-neo-confuciansim
-tang had tributary system
-song began experimenting with gunpowder
-song had neo-Confucianism

Aztecs and the Mayans:

-both developed independently from European or Asian influence
-both had cities with large temples
-Mayans composed of city states as the Aztecs had a central government
-Mayans composed of a single culture, Aztecs had conquered territories
for sacrifices
-Aztecs had tribute system

Mongol domination in Russia and China:

-Mongols made up the minority in both regions
both had harsh laws for the conquered people
-Both were eventually overthrown by the people they conquered
-In Russia, several princes peacefully submitted to the Mongols
-Many aspects of Chinese culture, such as Buddhism, lured the Mongols
to invade in China

Mali and Songhai empires:
-Both relied heavily on trans Saharan trade
-both were in western Africa
-both primarily Muslim
-Mali made major attempts to create alliances with surrounding areas

The catholic and eastern orthodox churches:

-both Christian
-both excommunicated the other pope
-Eastern church didn't believe in icons

Japan and China in 600ce-1450ce:

Buddhism Confucian influence
-China made more advancements in technology
-China played a much larger role in the global economy
-Japan was never controlled by the Mongols

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