Chapter 7 Study Guide- answer Key Define or identify the following terms and people



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Chapter 7 Study Guide- Answer Key

Define or identify the following terms and people:

  1. Compromise-agreement in which each side gives up some demands



  1. Judicial Branch-system of courts



  1. Ratify -to approve a document



  1. Executive person in government who carries out laws



  1. Constitution – Rules under which a government will operate.



  1. Federalists and Antifederalists-Antifedarlists thought the constitution went too far. Federalist supported the constitution and wanted a stronger federal government



  1. Why did small states oppose the Virginia Plan?

feared they would not have enough power in the new Congress.

  1. Besides representation, what other major issue required delegates to compromise during the Constitutional Convention?

Continuing the slave trade

  1. What are the rights protected in the First Amendment?

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

  1. How did the Bill of Rights become part of the Constitution?

It was added through the amendment process

  1. What is one reason many people called for changes to the Articles of Confederation?

They believed that a weak central government was ineffective.

  1. The opening phrase of the Constitution, “We, the people,” means that the Constitution gets its authority from the ____________.

People or Citizens

  1. How did Shays’ Rebellion encourage people to push for a plan to revise the Articles of Confederation?

It made people worry about how a weak central government might respond to future rebellions.

  1. What did most State Constitutions have that the original United States Constitution did not have?

Bill of Rights

  1. What was the “Great Compromise”?

It was a compromise that solved the conflict of representation (NJ Plan v. VA Plan)


  1. What were the key parts of the New Jersey and Virginia plans of government?



  1. As part of the Great Compromise, what fraction of the enslaved people in a state were included when determining representation in Congress?

3/5

  1. What rights does the 10th amendment guarantee?

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.-or Limiting the power of the federal government.

  1. What amendments protect people accused of crimes?

5-8

  1. How can changes be made to the Constitution?

(Don’t just tell me amendments!)

Essay-Choose 1 essay question to answer.


  1. How did Shays’ Rebellion help lead to an offer to revise the Articles of Confederation?

Shays’ Rebellion demonstrated to many the weakness of the central government under the Articles of Confederation.

  1. How was the change in the powers of Congress in the Constitution an improvement over the Articles of Confederation?

Congress could now raise taxes to pay the cost of running the government, and it could also regulate trade.



  1. Why was the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution?

To protect individual rights and basic freedoms and to satisfy Antifederalists’ concerns about the need to limit the power of the central government.


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