Chapter 7 Lesson 1 The French and Indian War

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Chapter 7 Lesson 1

The French and Indian War

1) Who were the opposing sides of the French and Indian War and what were they fighting over? The opposing sides of the French and Indian War were the France and Britain. They were fighting over the Ohio River Valley.

2) What was the Albany Plan? The Albany Plan a plan for the colonies to unite under an overall government to solve common problems such as war.
3) What is the treaty of Paris? The Treaty of Paris is was an agreement between France and Britain to make peace with one another. The treaty gave Britain control of Canada and most of the land east of the Mississippi River.
4) After the French and Indian War, what land did Britain control? After the French and Indian War, Britain controlled Canada and most of the land east of the Mississippi River.
5) What was the Proclamation of 1763? The Proclamation of 1763 was a public statement that said that the colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. This land was reserved for the Indian nations.
6) Why were colonists upset with Britain after the French and Indian War? The colonists were upset after the French and Indian War because Britain would not allow them to settle beyond the Appalachians and kept soldiers living among them.

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Chapter 7 Lesson 2

Early Conflicts with Britain

1) How did Britain plan to raise the money it needed to pay for the war? What did they call this? Britain planned to raise money it needed to pay for the war by collecting taxes. These taxes were called the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act.
2) Why were colonists upset about this? Colonists were upset about the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act because they felt that their local government should pass tax laws, not British Parliament. Colonists had no representation in Parliament.
3) What was the goal of Samuel Adams and other Sons of Liberty? The goal of Samuel Adams and other Sons of Liberty was to protest against the Stamp Act.
4) What did large port cities decide to do after the meeting known as Stamp Act Congress? What was the outcome of their actions? After the Stamp Act Congress, large port cities decided to boycott British goods. The boycotts worked and Parliament agreed to repeal the Stamp Act.
5) Why did British Parliament pass the Townshend Act? How did colonists feel about this Act? British Parliament passed the Townshend Act because they still needed money. Colonists were just as angry about the Townshend Acts as they had been about the Stamp Act.
6) What did colonist do as a result of the Townshend Act? What did Parliament do as a result? In response to the Townshend Act, colonists held a boycott of the British goods they bought the most. Women wove their own cloth and used it to make clothes. As a result, Parliament decided to repeal all the taxes except for the tax on tea.

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Chapter 7 Lesson 3

Conflicts Grow

1) What was the Boston Massacre - The Boston Massacre was a fight that broke out among the colonists and the British soldiers. It started with the crowd yelling insults and throwing snowballs. One person fired a shot. Several other shots were fired. 5 colonists were killed.
2) What was the importance of the Committees of Correspondence? The Committees of Correspondence kept people informed about British actions and discussed what the colonists could do.
3) What was the Boston Tea Party - The Boston Tea Party was when angry colonists snuck on board British ships and dumped the tea into the harbor.
4) What were the Intolerable Acts and what part the Committees of Correspondence do about them? The Intolerable Acts were the punishment colonists received for the Boston Tea Party. The Acts gave Britain more control over the colony’s government , stopped trade between Boston and Britain and made colonists quarter British soldiers. The Committee of Correspondence spread the news of the Intolerable Acts.
5) Why did the First Continental Congress meet? The First Continental Congress met to discuss what to do about the Intolerable Acts. They wrote a letter to King George III and Parliament asking them to stop taxing colonists without their agreement and to repeal the Intolerable Acts.
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Chapter 7 Lesson 4

War Begins
1) Why did General Gage send British soldiers to Concord? General Gage sent soldiers to Concord to destroy the supplies.
2) Who was Paul Revere and why was he important? Paul Revere was a silversmith who, along with William Dawes, warned the minutemen that the British were coming.
3) What was the Battle of Lexington and Concord and who “won” this battle? The Battle of Lexington and Concord was a battle between the British and the colonist over the supplied hidden at Concord. Someone fired a shot and the battle broke out. The colonists “won” this batter because they were able to surround the British.
4) What was “the shot heard around the world”? The “shot heard around the world” was the first shot in the Battle of Lexington and Concord. It symbolized the beginning of the American Revolution.
5) In the Battle of Bunker Hill, why did William Prescott tell the militia “Don’t fire until the see the whites of their eyes.”? William Prescott told the militia not to fire until they see the whites of their eyes because he did not want them to waste ammunition.
6) What was the outcome of the battle of Bunker Hill and why was it important for colonist? The British won the Battle of Bunker Hill. This battle was important for the colonists because it showed that their militia could fight well.

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Chapter 8 Lesson 1

Declaring Independence

1) Thomas Paine wrote a pamphlet called Common Sense . What were Thomas Paine’s arguments for independence? Thomas Paine’s argued for independence because he believed that Britain treated the colonists unfairly and independence was the only solution.
2) Why were some of the colonists worried about going to war with Britain? The colonists were worried about going to war with Britain because Britain was a powerful country. King George was gathering soldiers to attack the colonies. Some colonists were worried that not enough colonists wanted independence.
3) What did Jefferson argue in Declaration? In the Declaration, Jefferson argued that all people are born with natural rights that no one could take away. He felt that a government should protect these rights.
4) Why was signing the Declaration dangerous? Signing the Declaration was dangerous because anyone who signed the Declaration would be charged with treason.
5) When did the Second Continental Congress vote to accept the Declaration? The Second Continental Congress voted to accept the Declaration on July 4, 1776.
6) Parts of the Declaration – Fill in the part 3 of the Declaration.

Part 1: Explanation of why the colonist must break away from Britain.

Part 2: Explanation of rights that cannot be taken away.

Part 3: The Longest Part –

List of complaints against the king

Part 4: Argues that the colonies have the right to be free to protect the colonists’ rights.

Part 5: Signatures

7) Why is the Declaration important today? The Declaration is important today because it states that the people of the United States believe in equal rights for all.

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Chapter 8 Lesson 2

Life During the War
1) Who were Patriots? A Patriot was someone that wanted independence for the colonies.

Who were Loyalists? A Loyalist was someone who was still loyal to the King.

2) Discuss two reasons why people were Loyalists. Many Americans that worked for the British government were Loyalists because they would lose their jobs in the Patriots won the war. Many merchants feared they would lost their businesses. So they supported Britain. Other Loyalists simply believed the British cause was right. Some enslaved African Americans were Loyalists because they were offered freedom if they helped the British.
3) Give two examples of ways Patriots supported the cause for independence. Patriots supported the cause for independence by joining the Continental Army and fighting while other supported the cause by giving money.
4) Why did enslaved African Americans fight on both sides in the war? Enslaved African Americans fought on bother sides in the war because both sides offered them their freedom if they fought.
5) What is one reason some American Indians helped the British? Some American Indians helped the British because they thought a British victory might stop the American colonists from taking their land.
5) Give three examples of ways that women helped in the war. Some women helped in the war by dressing in men’s clothing and joining the Continental Army. Some spread the message of freedom in letters, plays and poems. Some women followed their husbands and stayed at the camps to help the soldiers. They would help by bringing water to soldiers on the battlefield.
6) Why was inflation a problem for Americans? Inflation was a problem for Americans because it made prices rise and goods harder to afford.

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Chapter 8 Lesson 3

War in the North

1) What advantages did the British army have in the war? The British army had an advantage over the Continental Army because they had better training and better weapons. They were a larger and stronger army.

What advantages did the Continental Army have in the war? The Continental Army had advantages over the British army because they were fighting on home land so they could use their knowledge of the land to plan attacks.

2) Who was the leader of the Continental army? George Washington was the leader of the Continental Army.
3) Why did Washington decide to attack Trenton? Washington decided to attack Trenton because he wanted to win a battle so his soldiers wouldn’t give up.
4) What happened after the Battle of Saratoga that helped the Americans? How was this helpful to them? After the Battle of Saratoga, France decided join the war against Britain. This was helpful to the Americans because France sent money, soldiers and a powerful navy to help them.
5) What happened at Valley Forge to make the Continental Army better soldiers? Baron con Steuben taught the Continental Army to be better soldiers by teaching them to march together and use their weapons properly.

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Chapter 8 Lesson 4

Winning the War

1) Why did Britain decide to move the war south? Britain decided to move the war south because they were losing the war in the north. They decided to move south because they thought that the south had more loyalists than the north did. With the loyalists support, Britain hoped to win the war.

2) Who was Benedict Arnold and what role did he play in the American Revolution? Benedict Arnold was a Patriot hero of the Battle of Saratoga who later changed sides and became a British general. He is considered a traitor.

3) What was Greene’s strategy to defeat the British? Greene’s strategy to defeat the British was to make the British chase him until they wore out.

4) What happened in Yorktown? Cornwallis led the British to Yorktown. Washington surprised Cornwallis and a battle began. Cornwallis expected to be rescued by British ships but the French Nave blocked Yorktown harbor and no ships could get through. Cornwallis was trapped which no way to escape. On October 19, 1781 Cornwallis surrendered.

5) What did the Treaty of Paris say? The Treaty of Paris said that the United States was an independent nation and that Americans gained more land.

6) Discuss two challenges the Americans faced after the war? One of the challenges Americans faced after the war was slavery. How could slavery exist in a country that believed in freedom and equality. Some states passed laws against slavery. Another challenge for Americans was how they would rule themselves. Americans would have to decide what kind of government they would create.

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