Chapter 7 & 8 Matching



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Chapter 7 & 8
Matching
Match the terms to the descriptions.

a.

serf

f.

fief

b.

troubadour

g.

charter

c.

apprentice

h.

St. Francis of Assisi

d.

Clovis

i.

papal supremacy

e.

journeyman

j.

knight

____ 1. an estate granted to a vassal by his lord


____ 2. authority over all secular rulers
____ 3. a document that set out the rights and privileges of a town
____ 4. the founder of the first order of friars
____ 5. a peasant bound to the land
____ 6. a mounted warrior
____ 7. a trainee in the guild system
____ 8. the Frankish leader who conquered the former Roman province of Gaul
____ 9. a salaried worker in the guild system
____ 10. a wandering musician
Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 11. Pope Leo III proclaimed Charlemagne to be Emperor of the Romans because Charlemagne had

a.

driven the Muslims out of Spain.

b.

converted his kingdom to Christianity.

c.

crushed a rebellion in Rome.

____ 12. What was a result of the Treaty of Verdun in 843?



a.

Charlemagne’s heirs split his empire into three regions.

b.

Charlemagne united the Christian world under his rule.

c.

The Magyars gave up their claims to parts of Germany, France, and Italy.

____ 13. Part of a vassal’s obligation under his feudal contract was to



a.

serve all his lords equally.

b.

serve in the military.

c.

be true to his word.

____ 14. To achieve salvation, medieval Christians believed that they must



a.

do volunteer work for the Church.

b.

read the Bible completely.

c.

receive the sacraments.

____ 15. Under Benedictine Rule, monks and nuns took vows of



a.

obedience, honesty, and purity.

b.

obedience, chastity, and purity.fraternity

c.

obedience, poverty, and chastity.

____ 16. What important step did King Clovis take in ruling his conquered lands in the late 400s?



a.

He converted to Islam, the religion of the people in Spain.

b.

He preserved the Roman legacy in his rule of Spain.

c.

He converted to Christianity, the religion of the people in Gaul.

____ 17. Starting in the late 700s, which group attacked Western Europe from the sea and broke the last threads of unity in Charlemagne’s empire?



a.

Goths

b.

Vikings

c.

Magyars

____ 18. Feudalism developed as a way for medieval societies to



a.

build an empire.

b.

protect themselves.

c.

increase trade.

____ 19. A vassal owed his first loyalty to his



a.

knights.

b.

liege lord.

c.

king.

____ 20. Chivalry was a



a.

code of conduct for knights.

b.

musical style of the troubadours.

c.

contract between knights and their lord.

____ 21. In the manor system, the peasants had to



a.

use the manor’s mill.

b.

work to earn their freedom.

c.

stay on the land for life.

____ 22. In the later Middle Ages, the Church



a.

allowed women to become priests.

b.

withdrew many rights that nuns had enjoyed.

c.

refused to allow nuns to set up schools.

____ 23. The claim of papal supremacy held that



a.

the pope had authority over all religions on Earth.

b.

the pope had authority over all kings and emperors.

c.

the pope was the chief authority over the Papal States.

____ 24. The new middle class in medieval society included



a.

vassals.

b.

merchants.

c.

nobles.

____ 25. During the High Middle Ages, one method monarchs used to gain more power was to

a.

strengthen ties with the middle class.

b.

allow nobles to raise their own armies.

c.

wage warfare by appealing to national pride.

____ 26. What caused the dispute between Henry II and Thomas Becket?



a.

Henry claimed the right to try clergy in royal courts.

b.

Becket wanted the king to give legal rights to peasants.

c.

Becket argued in favor of the right of habeas corpus.

____ 27. In 1122, the treaty called the Concordat of Worms gave the Church the sole power to



a.

prevent bishops from accepting jobs from monarchs.

b.

invest bishops with fiefs.

c.

elect and invest bishops with spiritual authority.

____ 28. What was an effect of the Hundred Years’ War?



a.

The war helped ensure the feudal system would continue.

b.

Trade and manufacturing declined throughout Europe.

c.

English rulers turned to new trading ventures overseas.

____ 29. At the Council of Clermont in 1095, why did Roman Pope Urban II rally Christians to help Byzantine emperor Alexius I?



a.

to drive the Muslim Turks from the Holy Land

b.

to secretly conquer the rich city of Constantinople

c.

to defend Venetian trade routes against Muslim attacks

____ 30. After the Reconquista was complete in 1492, Queen Isabella



a.

moved Jews and Muslims to a colony in Portugal.

b.

launched a crusade against Jews and Muslims.

c.

massacred Muslims in newly conquered Granada.

____ 31. Science made little real progress in Europe in the Middle Ages because



a.

the study of science was banned from medieval universities.

b.

most scholars thought that all knowledge must fit with Church teachings.

c.

science was considered to be related to magic and witchcraft.

____ 32. Which of the following was an effect of the Black Death?



a.

There were large increases in wages and prices throughout Europe.

b.

Peasants migrated into large cities seeking medical care.

c.

Doctors trying to stop the epidemic made rapid advances in medicine.

____ 33. During the First Crusade in 1099, Christian knights succeeded in capturing



a.

Tangier.

b.

Constantinople.

c.

Jerusalem.

____ 34. One major reason why universities began to emerge in medieval Europe was that



a.

scientists hoped to find a cure for the Black Death.

b.

better-educated clergy were needed for Church positions.

c.

people questioned Christianity and turned toward secular studies.

____ 35. The Gothic style of architecture is noted for

a.

its graceful spires and tall windows.

b.

its thick walls and towers.

c.

its fortress-like appearance.

____ 36. Why did many rural peasants move to cities during the plague years of the late 1300s?



a.

Needing new members, guilds encouraged villagers to relocate.

b.

Villagers feared the plague came from witches in the countryside.

c.

Due to high labor costs, landowners devoted less land to raising crops.

____ 37. Which of the following was a result of the Hundred Years’ War?



a.

The English monarchy became dominant over Parliament.

b.

A schism developed in the Roman Catholic Church.

c.

French kings were able to expand their power.

____ 38. When translations of the works of Greek thinkers reached Christian scholars in the 1100s,



a.

the Church rejected them as heresy.

b.

they began to undermine the scholastic method.

c.

they began a revolution in the world of learning.

____ 39. A bitter debate took place between Henry II of England and the Church because Henry



a.

would not persecute John Wycliffe for his heresies.

b.

claimed the right to try clergy in royal courts.

c.

feuded over the practice of lay investiture.

____ 40. The Hundred Years’ War lasted between _____ - ________.



a.

1337-1453

b.

1343-1503

c.

1333-1451


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