Chapter 34 Outline Megan Rouse, Rachel Sherman, and Evy Sands



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Chapter 34 Outline

Megan Rouse, Rachel Sherman, and Evy Sands



Period 1
Introduction

  • Pacific War disrupted both East Asia and the Pacific Rim

  • Pacific Rim

  • Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong Taiwan

  • Rapid growth rates, expanding exports, industrialization, Confucianism, and reliance on governmental direction

  • Nations of both the Pacific Rim and East Asia have become major economic and political players in the early 21st century.

~~~~~~East Asia in the Postwar Settlements~~~~~~

  • Korea was divided between Russia and America

  • Europeans sought to restore control over East Asian colonies


Japanese Recovery

  • A new period of selective Westernization

  • Americans encouraged Japan to democratize

  • Liberal Democratic Party-merge of moderate parties; responsible for Japan’s economic reconstruction

  • Japanese preservation of culture enabled rapid economic change

  • Art and literature protested change before and after WWII


Korean Intervention and War

  • Korea was restored as an independent state

  • North Korea emphasized communism and power of a leader

  • South Korea allied with America and continued authoritarian regimen

  • Korean War- pushing North Korea back to move toward the Chinese border


Emerging Stability in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan and Singapore

  • Hong Kong remained a British colony after World War II

  • Singapore became an independent nation after growing into a vigorous free port

  • Combining Western connections and traditions, these colonies became internationally influential on the basis of manufacturing and trade

  • Japanese politics lay in conservative stability and unity


The Pacific Rim

  • Branched out in banking

  • Bridge between communist china and the rest of the world

  • Communists promised to respect economic system and maintain democratic political right

  • Confucian morality was often used

  • Crisis later arose

  • Westerners decided to reduce links between governments and firms to introduce more free market competition


Mao China

  • Japanese invasion

  • Concentrating on Japanese threat, Chiang formed a military alliance with the communists

  • The communists waged against Japanese armies via Guerrilla Warfare


Communists Come to Power

  • Border dispute between Chinese and Russia

  • Communists plan for economic growth and social justice

  • Communists planners saw rapid industrialization as the key to rapid development

  • Mass line

  • Economic policy- led to the formation of agricultural cooperatives who became farming collectives


Women’s Status

  • Women’s support for communist movement became important to Mao’s revolutionary strategy

  • Nationalist campaign aimed to restore Chinese women to their traditional domestic roles and dependence on men


Mao’s Last Campaign and the Fall of the Gang Four

  • Cultural Revolution

  • Movement initiated to restore Mao’s dominance over pragmatics

  • Red Guard

  • Student brigades utilized by Mao and allies during the cultural revolution to discredit Mao’s enemies

  • The reconciliation between China and the United States suggested that the pragmatists were gaining the upper hand over ideologues

  • Gang of Four

  • Four political allies who attempted the seize control over Communist government in China from the pragmatists


Colonialism and Revolution in Vietnam

  • French determination to make Vietnam a colony was profitable for the homeland, but worsened social and economic problems

  • Vietnamese were extremely nationalistic

  • Vietnamese rejected Confucianism

  • Nationalist struggle was centered on Vietnamese Nationalist Party

  • Bourgeois nationalists were never again a dominate force in an independence struggle


War of Liberation Against the United States

  • Communist threat led to the suppression campaign focused on communist cadres that remained in the south after Vietnam was divided at Geneva

  • Communists united Vietnam under a single government


Salvaging Communism in the Era of Globalization

  • After the War of Liberation, communist efforts to complete Vietnamese Revolution failed

  • But failure cannot be linked to Vietnam’s isolation


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