Chapter 31: The Politics of Boom and Bust, 1920-1932 Big Picture Questions

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Chapter 31: The Politics of Boom and Bust, 1920-1932

Big Picture Questions:

  1. Explain the policies of isolationism, disarmament, and high-tariff protectionism that were adopted by the three Republican presidents of the 1920s.

  2. Compare the Harding administration’s corrupt practices with the more forthright policies of his successor, Coolidge.

  3. What were the causes of the Great Depression, and how did Hoover respond to the Depression? Why did he respond in this way?


Warren Harding Kellogg-Briand Pact Dawes Plan

Ohio Gang Teapot Dome Scandal Hoovercrats

Muller v. Oregon Hawley-Smoot Tariff Hoovervilles

Black Tuesday”—October 29, 1929 Trickle down economics Stimson Doctrine

Good Neighbor Policy Reconstruction Finance Corporation

Bonus Expeditionary Force—Bonus Army American Legion

Charles Hughes Robert La Follette AlSmith

Farm Board Hoover Blankets Rugged Individualims

Pump Priming Yellow-Dog Contracts Douglas MacArthur

Chapter 32: The Great Depression and the New Deal

Big Picture Questions:

  1. How successful were the programs of the New Deal in solving the problems of the Great Depression? Assess with respect to the following:

    1. Relief

    2. Recovery

    3. Reform

  1. Compare and contrast FDR’s response to the Great Depression with that of Herbert Hoover.

  1. Why did the New Deal lead to extensive opposition from conservatives, especially those on the Supreme Court?


Election of 1932 (Hoover vs. FDR) Eleanor Roosevelt

New Deal—3 R’s: relief, reform, recovery Hundred Days

Fireside chats John Collier—Indian Reorganization Act (1934)

critics of FDR (Coughlin, Long, Townsend) “court packing” scheme

Schechter case Hatch Act (1939, 1940)

Dust Bowl—“Okies” and “Arkies” John Maynard Keynes – Keynesian Economics

Bank Holiday Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)

Glass-Steagall Banking Reform Act Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)

Federal Emergency Relief Act Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)

Home Owners’ Loan Corporation Civil Works Administration

Works Progress Administration (WPA) National Recovery Administration

Public Works Administration Second Agricultural Adjustment Act

Securities and Exchange Commission Tennessee Valley Authority

Federal Housing Administration Social Security Act

Wagner Act Fair Labor Standards Act

Frances Perkins Mary McLeod Bethune

John L. Lewis American Liberty League

Roosevelt Recession

Chapter 33: Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Shadow of War

Big Picture Questions:

  1. The United States attempted to isolate itself from foreign troubles in the early and mid-1930s. Respond to the following with respect to this statement:

    1. How did the United States attempt to isolate itself?

    2. Why did the United States attempt to isolate itself? Examine the ways in which our actions were aimed at the conditions of 1914-1917.

    3. What were the effects of this attempt at isolation?

    4. What events caused the United States to move gradually away from isolationism and neutrality?

    5. How did FDR find a way to provide aid to Britain and move the United States away from its neutral stance?

    6. Were our attempts at neutrality and isolationism a good idea or a bad idea? Why?


London Economic Conference Good Neighbor Policy

Reciprocal Trade Agreements (1934) Totalitarianism (Mussolini, Hitler, Stalin)

Axis Powers (Italy, Germany, Japan) Spanish Civil War—Franco (1936)

Neutrality Acts (1935, 1936, 1937) Munich Conference—Sudetenland

Quarantine speech” Neutrality Act of 1939—cash and carry

Appeasement Non-aggression Act (1939

phony war” (sitzkrieg) blitzkrieg

Miracle at Dunkirk Winston Churchill

Conscription law (1940) Battle of Britain

Destroyer-for-bases deal Lend-Lease (1941)—arsenal of democracy

Atlantic Charter St. Louis

December 7, 1941—“a date which will live in infamy” Charles Lindbergh

America First Committee Battle of Britain

Chapter 34: America in World War II

Big Picture Questions:

  1. What were the effects of WWII on the U.S. economy? How did the United States mobilize its resources (economic resources, manpower resources, womanpower resources) to successfully carry out our wartime goals?

  2. What were the effects of WWII on women, on ethnic minorities, and on racial minorities? Did the war lead to greater equality for these groups? Explain.

  3. How did the United States and its allies develop and carry out their strategy for defeating Italy, Germany, and Japan? Outline key battles and turning points in the war in all of the theaters of the war.


Get Hitler first” Executive Order 9066—Korematsu v. U.S.

Midway Four Freedoms

War Production Board Office of Price Administration

War Labor Board Smith-Connally Anti-Strike Act

Rosie the Riveter” Braceros

Great Migration” A. Philip Randolph

Code talkers Congress of Racial Equality

Douglas MacArthur Charles Nimitz

Leapfrogging (Guadalcanal, Iwo Jima, Okinawa) Zoot Suite Riots

Teheran Conference Bataam Death March

Casablanca Conference Dwight D. Eisenhower

D-Day (Eisenhower) June 6, 1944 Battle of the Bulge

Holocaust & concentration camps kamikazes

V-E Day (May 8, 1945) Manhattan Project

Potsdam Conference Iwo Jima

Nagasaki (August 9, 1945) & Hiroshima (August 6, 1945) V-J Day (September 2, 1945)

WAACS, WAVES, SPARS George Marshall

Election of 1944 (FDR & Truman vs. Dewey)

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