Chapter 30 test review the industrial revolution began in Great Britian

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  1. The industrial revolution began in Great Britian.

  2. Crucial to industrialization was the replacement of human and animal power with inanimate sources of energy such as steam.

  3. By the conclusion of the nineteenth century the dominant form of industrial organization in Europe, the United States and Japan was the factory system.

  4. The growing demand for cotton cloth in the eighteenth century threatened British wool production.

  5. The British Calico Acts of 1701 and 1721 prohibited the importation of cotton cloth.

  6. The inventor of the Flying Shuttle was John Kay.

  7. The invention of the flying shuttle sped the weaving process and increased the demand for yarn.

  8. James Watt invented the steam engine.

  9. Edmund Cartwright was responsible for the invention of the power loom.

  10. James Watt invented a more efficient steam pump when he figured out how to make a piston turn a wheel for rotary motion

  11. Cheaper iron was produced after 1709 when British smelters began to use coke as a fuel

  12. Henry Bessemer’s innovations made it possible to produce cheaper steel.

  13. The first steam-powered locomotive was George Stephenson’s Rocket.

  14. James Watt’s steam engine did not adapt well to transportation uses because it consumed too much coal.

  15. The Luddites were craftsmen who destroyed textile machines.

  16. Interchangeable parts were invented by Eli Whitney

  17. Industrialization often tore working classes families apart.

  18. Holy Monday was the extra day that workers often took to lengthen their weekly break.

  19. The founder of New Lanark was Owen.

  20. Marx and Engels proposed that capitalism divided people into two classes. The classes were the capitalists and the proletariat.

  21. The author of the Manifesto of the Communist Party was Karl Marx.

  22. Marx suggested that music, art and literature served the purposes of the capitalists because they diverted the workers from their misery.

  23. Marx referred to religion as the “ opiate of the masses”

  24. Marx and the communists believed that private property should be abolished.

  25. Marx believed that the final result of the socialist revolution would be a “ dictatorship of the proletariat.

  26. According to Marx all of human history had been a history of class struggle.

  27. The British government first began regulation hours and conditions of work, especially for women and children , in the Factory Act of 1833.

  28. In the Mines Act of 1842, Parliament prohibited underground employment of women.

  29. In the 1880’s Otto von Bismarck introduced medical insurance and unemployment compensation for German workers.

  30. Throughout most of the nineteenth century employers and governments viewed trade unions as illegal associations designed to restrain trade.

  31. Over the long haul trade unions reduced the likelihood of a revolution by improving the lives of working people.

  32. Count Sergei Witte was the Russian finance minister who pushed for industrialization.

  33. By 1900 half the world’s oil was produced by Russia.

  34. By 1900 the world’s four biggest steel producers, in order from first to fourth, were the United States, Germany, Britain, Russia.

  35. In Japan industrialization took place with the active support of imperial authorities

  36. A zaibatsu was the Japanese equivalent of a trust.

  37. On a global scale, industrialization promoted a new international division of labor.

  38. Canada, Argentina, Uruguay, South Africa, Australian and New Zealand exported primary goods but also underwent economic development and industrialization.

  39. Most of Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa did not industrialize and depended upon exporting primary products.

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