Chapter 27: The Cold War Chapter 28: The Affluent Society Chapter 29: Civil Rights, Vietnam, and the Ordeal of Liberalism Chapter 30: The Crisis of Authority Part I: Reading Questions



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Period 8 Study Guide

AP US History



Chapter 27: The Cold War

Chapter 28: The Affluent Society

Chapter 29: Civil Rights, Vietnam, and the Ordeal of Liberalism

Chapter 30: The Crisis of Authority
Part I: Reading Questions

The Cold War

  1. Analyze the reasons for the development of tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States.

  2. Analyze the degree of success the policy of containment achieved between 1945 and 1953.

  3. Analyze the reasons for the grown of anti-labor sentiment following World War II.

  4. Analyze the reasons for and results of the second Red Scare.

  5. Analyze the ways in which the United States prepared to avoid a serious economic recession following World War II.

  6. Compare and contrast the response of the American people to the end of World War II to the American people’s response to the end of World War I.

  7. Analyze the political debates over the uses of atomic technology in the post-World War II era.

  8. To what degree and in what ways did port-World War II foreign policy represent a fundamental change from previous foreign policy?

The Affluent Society

  1. Analyze the reasons for the development of a prolonged and robust economy during the 1950s.

  2. Analyze the factors that led to the homogenization of American society during the 1950s.

  3. Analyze the reasons for the growth of the civil rights movement during the 1950s and the degree of success it achieved.

  4. Analyze the continuity and change in migration patterns in the United States during the 1950s.

  5. Analyze the positive and negative effects of increased scientific and technological development during the 1950s.

  6. Evaluate the reasons for and the success of American foreign policy during the 1950s.

  7. Analyze how mass media influenced traditional perceptions of gender roles during the 1950s.

  8. To what degree and in what ways did post-World War II American society mirror post-World War I society politically, economically, and socially.

Civil Rights, Vietnam, and the Ordeal of Liberalism

  1. Analyze the reasons for the realignment of political parties during the 1960s.

  2. Analyze the impact of growing militancy in the civil rights movement.

  3. Analyze the political, social, and economic impact of the war in Vietnam on American society.

  4. Analyze the degree to which the civil rights movement of the 1960s resolved issues left unsettled by Reconstruction.

  5. Analyze the factors that led some moderate Americans to abandon the liberal agenda by the late 1960s.

  6. Analyze the degree to which the Great Society was successful in accomplishing its goals and the degree to which it failed to achieve lasting change

  7. To what degree and in what ways could the year 1968 be considered a turning point in U.S. history?

The Crisis of Authority

  1. Analyze the success of the youth movement in challenging traditional American values.

  2. To what degree and in what ways were attempts by minorities (including women, Latinos, American Indians, and gay rights advocates) successful in realizing their goals?

  3. Analyze the political, social, and economic causes that led the United States to withdraw from Vietnam.

  4. To what degree and in what ways was American foreign policy during the 1960s and early 1970s a continuation of past U.S. foreign policy and to what degree and in what ways was it a departure from previous U.S. foreign policy?

  5. Analyze the degree to which the new conservative movement challenged the policies of the Great Society.

  6. Compare and contrast the elections of 1964, 1968, and 1972.

  7. Analyze the impact and ramifications of the Watergate scandal on Americans’ perception of government.


Part II: Unit Terms

Define each of the terms by writing them on note cards.




  1. Cold war

  2. Teheran Conference

  3. Big Three

  4. Yalta Conference

  5. United Nations

  6. Security Council

  7. Zone of occupation

  8. Potsdam conference

  9. Chiang Kai-shek

  10. Mao Zedong

  11. Containment

  12. George F. Kennan

  13. Truman Doctrine

  14. Domino effect

  15. Marshall Plan

  16. Selective Service System

  17. Atomic Energy Commission

  18. National Security Act

  19. NSC

  20. CIA

  21. Department of Defense

  22. Berlin Airlift

  23. NATO

  24. Warsaw Pact

  25. Taiwan

  26. NSC-68

  27. GI Bill of Rights

  28. Fair Deal

  29. Welfare-state Liberalism

  30. Wagner Act

  31. Taft-Hartley Act

  32. Dixiecrat

  33. Strom Thurmond

  34. Korean war

  35. HUAC

  36. Whittaker Chambers

  37. Pumpkin papers

  38. Alger Hiss

  39. Richard M. Nixon

  40. J. Edward Hoover

  41. Julius & Ethel Rosenberg

  42. Joseph McCarthy

  43. McCarthyism

  44. Adlai Stevenson

  45. Baby boom

  46. suburbs

  47. John Maynard Keynes

  48. Keynesian economics

  49. AFL-CIO

  50. William Levitt

  51. Levittown

  52. G.I. Bill

  53. Benjamin Spock



  1. NBC

  2. CBS

  3. ABC

  4. Soap opera

  5. Social diversity

  6. Cultural alienation

  7. Sputnik

  8. Yuri Gagarin

  9. NASA

  10. National Defense

  11. Beats or beatniks

  12. Jack Kerouac

  13. J.D. Salinger

  14. Michael Harrington

  15. Culture of poverty

  16. Urban renewal

  17. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas

  18. Thurgood Marshall

  19. Central High School (little Rock, Arkansas)

  20. Orval Faubus

  21. Rosa Parks

  22. Martin Luther King Jr.

  23. SCLC

  24. Jackie Robinson

  25. Federal Highway Act

  26. J. Robert Oppenheimer

  27. Massive retaliation

  28. Brinkmanship

  29. Ho Chi Minh

  30. Dien Bien Phu

  31. Mohammed Mossadegh

  32. Mohammed Reza Pahlavi

  33. Suez Crisis

  34. New Frontier

  35. Great Society Programs

  36. Department of Housing and Urban Development

  37. Immigration Act

  38. Geneva Accords

  39. Ngo Dinh Diem

  40. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini

  41. Gulf of Tonkin resolution

  42. Tet offensive

  43. Salt II

  44. Green Berets

  45. Peace Corps

  46. Bay of Pigs

  47. Berlin Wall

  48. Cuban Missile Crisis

  49. Vietminh

  50. Watergate

  51. CRP

  52. Saturday night Massacre

  53. Spiro Agnew

  54. U.S. v. Richard Nixon

  55. Gideon v. Wainwright

  56. Miranda v. Arizona

  57. Bakke v. Board of Regents of California





Part III: Assignments/Discussions

  1. We Didn’t Start the Fire Assignment


Part IV: Presidential Charts

Complete presidential charts for Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, Ford, and Carter.


Part V: Concept Questions

To review the unit and prepare for the unit test, answer the following questions.




Themes

Concept Questions

Beliefs, Ideas, and Cultures

Explain the ways in which the youth culture of the 1960s challenged traditional American value systems.

America in the World

Explain the impact of the war in Vietnam on U.S. foreign relations during the 1960s.

Geography and Environment

Explain how the growing concern over the environment led to specific pieces of legislation designed to remedy those concerns.

Peopling

Explain the changes in migration patterns brought on by increased affluence, white flight, and the baby boom.

Identity

Explain the impact of the Cold War on perceptions of American identity, particularly, relating to the second Red Scare.

Politics and Power

Explain the impact of the war in Vietnam and the Watergate scandal on the American people’s perception of government. Explain why the elections of 1964, 1968, 1972showed such varied results.

Work, Exchange, and Technology

Explain economic problems associated with stagflation, the Arab oil embargo, and deindustrialization of the American economy.

YouTube or iTunes Billy Joel’s “We Didn’t Start the Fire, listen to the song and then fill out the following information:



1949-1952

You need to tell me why Billy Joel would include these topics in his song “We Didn’t Start The Fire”, about the Cold War, at this particular date in time. Remember the song is in chronological order.

Harry Truman:

Doris Day:

Red China:

Johnny Ray:

South Pacific:

Walter Winchell:

Joe DiMaggio:

Joe McCarthy:

Richard Nixon:

Studebaker:

Television:

North Korea-South Korea:

Marilyn Monroe:

Rosenbergs:

H-bomb:


Sugar Ray:

Panmunjom:

Brando:

The King and I:



And The Catcher In The Rye:

Eisenhower:

Vaccine:

England's got a new queen:

Marciano:

Liberace:

Santayana goodbye:

1953-1956

You need to tell me why Billy Joel would include these topics in his song “We Didn’t Start The Fire”, about the Cold War, at this particular date in time. Remember the song is in chronological order.

Joseph Stalin:

Malenkov:

Nasser and Prokofiev:

Rockefeller:

Campanella:

Communist Bloc:

Roy Cohn:

Juan Peron:

Toscanini:

Dacron:

Dien Bien Phu Falls:



Rock Around the Clock:

Einstein:

James Dean:

Brooklyn's got a winning team:

Davy Crockett:

Peter Pan:

Elvis Presley:

Disneyland:

Bardot:

Budapest:



Alabama:

Khrushchev:

Princess Grace:

Peyton Place:

Trouble in the Suez:

1957-1960

You need to tell me why Billy Joel would include these topics in his song “We Didn’t Start The Fire”, about the Cold War, at this particular date in time. Remember the song is in chronological order.

Little Rock:

Pasternak:

Mickey Mantle:

Kerouac:

Sputnik:


Chou En-Lai:

Bridge On The River Kwai:

Lebanon:

Charles de Gaulle:

California baseball:

Starkweather homicides:

Children of Thalidomide:

Buddy Holly:

Ben Hur:

Space Monkey:

Mafia:

Hula Hoops:



Castro:

Edsel is a no-go:

U2:

Syngman Rhee:



Payola:

Kennedy:


Chubby Checker:

Psycho:


Belgians in the Congo:

1961-1963

You need to tell me why Billy Joel would include these topics in his song “We Didn’t Start The Fire”, about the Cold War, at this particular date in time. Remember the song is in chronological order.

Hemingway:

Eichman:

Stranger in a Strange Land:

Dylan:

Berlin:


Bay of Pigs invasion:

Lawrence of Arabia:

British Beatlemania:

Ole Miss:

John Glenn:

Liston beats Patterson:

Pope Paul:

Malcolm X:

British Politician sex:

J.F.K. blown away:



1964-1989

You need to tell me why Billy Joel would include these topics in his song “We Didn’t Start The Fire”, about the Cold War, at this particular date in time. Remember the song is in chronological order.

Birth control:

Ho Chi Minh:

Richard Nixon back again:

Moonshot:

Woodstock:

Watergate:

Ppunk rock:

Begin:

Reagan:


Palestine:

Terror on the airline:

Ayatollah's in Iran:

Russians in Afghanistan:

Wheel of Fortune:

Sally Ride:


Heavy metal suicide:

Foreign debts:

Homeless Vets:

AIDS:

Crack:


Bernie Goetz:

Hypodermics on the shores:

China's under martial law:

Rock and roller cola wars:




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