Chapter 22 The Vietnam War Years



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American History in Film



Chapter 22 The Vietnam War Years


Pages 730-761

Section One - Moving Toward Conflict
Describe the domino theory which was supported by President Eisenhower.

What encouraged Truman to send almost $1 billion in military and economic aid to the French in Vietnam?

What was the result of the Geneva Accords in 1954?

Where did the French surrender in May, 1954?




A. SEATO

B. Vietcong

C. Ngo Dinh Diem

D. Ho Chi Minh Trail

E. Ho Chi Minh

F. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

G. Vietminh
____ 1. Nationalist organization dedicated to win Vietnam’s independence..

____ 2. This organization agreed that an attack on any one member would be considered on all of them.

____ 3. This congressional action gave the president the power to “take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against armed forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression.”

____ 4. The leader of the South Vietnamese government who refused to acknowledge the Geneva Accords since his country did not sign the agreement.

____ 5. The communist leader of North Vietnam during the 1960s and 1970s.

____6. Pro-Communist group in South Vietnam, began attacking Diem supporters and received support from Ho Chi Minh in the North

____7. Supply route to the Vietcong and its supporters from the North

Section Two - U.S. Involvement and Escalation
Who were Robert McNamara and Dean Rusk?

What was the reason the Johnson Administration used to get involved in Vietnam?

Who led the American troops in Vietnam, and how many U.S. Troops were there by 1967?

Why were the Vietcong called the “elusive enemy”? What tactics did they use?


What was General Westmorland’s strategy for defeating the Vietcong?

List three techniques used by the Americans to defeat the Vietcong:
1.
2.
3.
What were the effects of the Vietnam war on the United States on the –
• Economy

• Politics


Military




Section Three - A Divided Nation
Why was the Selective Service System called the “manipulatable system”?

What was the “cruel irony” for African Americans in the Vietnam War and who used the term?


Define the following terms:


• New Left

• Students for a Democratic Society

• Free Speech Movement

When was the draft phased out by President Richard Nixon?


What happened at the march in Washington in October of 1967?

What is a hawk?


What is a dove?




Section Four - 1968: A Tumultuous Year
The Tet Offensive
What was the outcome of the Tet Offensive according to the United States troops in Vietnam?
Why did the Tet Offensive change public opinion about the Vietnam War?


A Presidency Turned Upside Down
Who challenged President Lyndon Johnson for the presidential nomination in the Democrat party?
a.
b.
How did Johnson deal with a challenge to his nomination for reelection to the presidency?

List three events which divided the Democrat party in the 1968 election.http://www1.umn.edu/umnnews/img/assets/4243/donkeyelephant.jpg


a.
b.
c.



Candidates

Party

Platform

Electoral Vote


































Section Five - The End of the War and Its Legacy
Describe President Richard M. Nixon’s “Vietnamization” policy.

Who was Nixon’s National Security Advisor?

Who were the silent majority?

What happened at My Lai?

Why did the students plan a protest march at Kent State University in the spring of 1970?

What was the outcome of the student march at Kent State?

What were the Pentagon Papers and why were they important?

What were two results of low morale among the military during the 1960s? (p.740)


a.

b.

How were both sides in the Vietnam War finally persuaded to sign a cease-fire agreement?



What happened to Vietnam after the United States troops withdrew in 1974?



Identify two problems faced by soldiers returning from Vietnam.

1.

2.





List the two major provisions of the 1973 War Powers Act.

1.

2.




Platoon

A film by Oliver Stone

 

1.  Taylor (as narrator) says this as they approach the village scene intended to be reminiscent of My Lai:  “The village, which had stood for maybe a thousand years, didn't know we were coming that day. If they had, they would've run. Barnes was the eye of our rage. And through him, our captain Ahab, we would set things right again. That day we loved him."



 

Why were the men full of rage, and why did Barnes need to “set things right again”?  How did Barnes “set things right again”?

 

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2.  How and why did Barnes ultimately deal with Elias? 

 

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3.  Name three examples from the film Platoon, which illustrate the difficulties faced by soldiers in fighting the Vietnam War.

 

a._____________________________________________________________________________________



 

b._____________________________________________________________________________________

 

c._____________________________________________________________________________________



 

4.  At the end of the film, Taylor says “The war is over for me now, but it will always be there the rest of my days. As I am sure Elias will be - fighting with Barnes for what Rhah called possession of my soul. There are times since I have felt like the child born of those two fathers."  Is this fair – was Taylor influenced by both Barnes and Elias? Give examples.

 

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5.  What do you think Taylor meant by the following quote – the last line of the entire film?



 

“But be that as it may, those of us who did make it have an obligation to build again. To teach to others what we know, and to try with what's left of our lives to find a goodness and a meaning to this life.”

 

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