Chapter 21: The Progressives Be prepared to discuss these topics on the due date. Period 7 1890-1945



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Chapter 21: The Progressives

Be prepared to discuss these topics on the due date.

Period 7 1890-1945

An increasingly pluralistic United States faced profound domestic and global challenges, debated the proper degree of government activism, and sought to define its international role.

Key Concept 7.1: Growth expanded opportunity, while economic instability led to new efforts to reform U.S. society and its economic system.

II. In the Progressive Era of the early 20th century, Progressives responded to political corruption, economic instability, and social concerns by calling for greater government action and other political and social measures.



    1. Some Progressive Era journalists attacked what they saw as political corruption, social injustice, and economic inequality, while reformers, often from the middle and upper classes and including many women, worked to effect social changes in cities and among immigrant populations.

    2. On the national level, Progressives sought federal legislation that they believed would effectively regulate the economy, expand democracy, and generate moral reform. Progressive amendments to the Constitution dealt with issues such as prohibition and woman suffrage.

    3. Preservationists and conservationists both supported the establishment of national parks while advocating different government responses to the overuse of natural resources.

    4. The Progressives were divided over many issues. Some Progressives supported Southern segregation, while others ignored its presence.

Some Progressives advocated expanding popular participation in government, while others called for greater reliance on professional and technical experts to make government more efficient. Progressives also disagreed about immigration restriction.
After reading about the Progressive Era, you should be able to expand on ALL of the above points with examples and analysis.

Pages 641-656




  1. What was the Progressive Movement? Summarize their motives, goals, and tactics.

  2. Compare and contrast Progressives and populists.

  3. How did artists, novelists, and journalists bring attention to many of the social and political issues of the time period? List an example of each and its impact.

  4. Define direct primary, initiative, referendum and recall. How would these measure curb political corruption?

  5. Who was Robert LaFollette and what did he do? What was the “Wisconsin Idea”?

  6. What happened at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory?

  7. How did progressives work to improve city life?

  8. What did the Mann Act do?

  9. What were some of the achievements of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union and Anti-Saloon League?

  10. Define eugenics, and its relationship to immigration.

  11. Did progressives try and attack racism? Why (or why not?)

Pages 657-674



  1. What was the Niagra Movement and who founded the NAACP?

  2. How did W.E.B. DuBois’ views differ from Booker T. Washington’s?

  3. Who was Carrie Chapman Catt?

  4. Why did Alice Paul organize the Woman’s Party? What was their main goal and how did they fight to try and achieve it?

  5. What types of progressive movements did women work for?

  6. Describe the following. Explain who was allowed to join and what they believed in.

    1. International Ladies’ Garment Workers Union

    2. Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)

  7. What happened to McKinley? Who took the presidency?

  8. What was Roosevelt’s view toward business? What was “trust busting?”

  9. What was Roosevelt’s and the government’s reaction to The Jungle? What laws were enacted?

  10. How did Roosevelt work towards helping protect the environment? What was the Sierra Club and what was the job of the National Park Service?

  11. Who were the different candidates and what was the platform of each in the Four Way election of 1912?

  12. In what ways did Wilson regulate business? Give at least 2 examples.




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