Chapter 21 – Progressive Reform from the Grass Roots to the White House



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HIST 1302 N. A. Biehler

STUDY GUIDE

Unit 2 Learning Objectives




CHAPTER 21 – Progressive Reform from the Grass Roots to the White House


  1. Discuss the work of the social reformers, including Jane Addams and the issues she uncovered through her settlement houses.

  2. What was the “Social Gospel” that contributed to the reform movement?

  3. How were women reformers connected to union efforts?

  4. Discuss the rise and philosophy of the Women’s Trade Union League and the Industrial Workers of the World.

  5. What was the thinking of progressive educators like John Dewey? How did his philosophy of creative intelligence become a factor in education?

  6. Explore Pragmatism and the thinking of William James as it applied to the progressive era.

  7. Compare and contrast the educational and civil rights policies of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois.

  8. Discuss the creation of the Niagara Movement and the NAACP as an expression of black nationalism.

  9. Analyze Robert M. LaFollette’s program for reform in Wisconsin.

  10. List and briefly explain the major domestic events and legislation of Theodore Roosevelt’s presidency. How did his personality contribute to his difficulties as President?

  11. Trace the steps leading to American acquisition of the Panama Canal zone.

  12. List and explain briefly the major domestic events and legislation of William Howard Taft’s presidency. How did the split between conservatives and progressives within the Republican Party contribute to his difficulties as President?

  13. What were the major differences in philosophy in the election of 1912?

  14. Develop a character analysis of Woodrow Wilson

  15. List and briefly define the major domestic events and legislation of Woodrow Wilson’s first administration.


CHAPTER 22 – The United States and the Great War

  1. Discuss the role of America in Latin American affairs by examining the policies of Roosevelt, Taft and Wilson toward that area.

  2. Define Wilson’s “moral diplomacy.”

  3. Trace the events of American involvement in Mexico. What was the role of Wilson’s “moral diplomacy” in that involvement?

  4. Define American neutrality. Was it truly neutral? Why or why no?

  5. Trace the steps leading to American involvement in World War I; including German U-boat warfare, the Lusitania, the Sussex and the Zimmerman telegram.

  6. Discuss the nature of the warfare Americans were entering in World War I.

  7. What was the primary purpose of the War Industries Board and the Committee on Public Information?

  8. Discuss the treatment of those who opposed the war and the legislation passed to control their actions.

  9. What kinds of discrimination did black Americans face during WWI?

  10. How did the migration of blacks to jobs in the north impact the face of general discrimination?

  11. Compare and contrast Wilson’s aims for the peace in Europe and the actual Treaty of Versailles.

  12. Determine the reasons for the failure of the Treaty of Versailles in this country.

  13. How did post-war thinking create the 1st Big Red Scare?


CHAPTER 23 – From “Normalcy” to the Great Depression

  1. List the major events of the Harding and Coolidge administrations.

  2. Examine the social intolerance of the era and the legislation that resulted.

  3. Discuss the factors which influenced America’s move toward materialism in the 1920s.

  4. What was the impact of Henry Ford’s motor car invention on the life and industry of America?

  5. How did scientific management factor into industry improvements during the 1920s?

  6. Discuss consumerism, the rise of the middle class and the growth of urban areas in the 1920s.

  7. How did leisure activities play a part in new American lifestyles?

  8. What new freedoms were women experiencing in the 1920s?

  9. Analyze the common elements of the literary flowering of the 1920s and list the major writers of the period.

  10. How did the rebirth of the Ku Klux Klan affect intolerance during this era?

  11. Describe Fundamentalism. What controversy resulted from Fundamentalists’ causes in Tennessee?

  12. Determine the causes of the Great Depression.

  13. Discuss President Hoover’s attempts to end the depression.


CHAPTER 24 – The New Deal Era

  1. Develop a character study of Franklin D. Roosevelt, including background, education and personality.

  2. List and briefly explain the major pieces of New Deal legislation passed under Roosevelt.

  3. Differentiate between Roosevelt’s programs for relief and recovery and determine which were the most effective.

  4. Discuss the major critics of Roosevelt and the New Deal and briefly explain each of their programs.

  5. Show how the New Deal affected labor, women and minorities.

  6. How did Roosevelt’s re-election foster his determination to end the Depression? (examine his attempt to “pack the court”)


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