Chapter 2 test: The French Revolution & Napoleon part a: Multiple Choice

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CHAPTER 2 TEST: The French Revolution & Napoleon

PART A: Multiple ChoiceRead the question. Choose the best answer by filling in the appropriate letter on your scantron sheet. (1 mark each)

  1. Under the Old Regime, the burden of paying taxes fell largely on the

  1. nobles and middle class

  2. First Estate

  3. Third Estate

  4. peasants and clergy

  1. The Third Estate was made up of

    1. Higher clergy and nobles

    2. Higher and Lower Clergy

    3. Peasants, city workers, and the middle class

    4. Artisans, merchants, and parish priests

  1. The most serious economic problem facing the French government in the 1700s was that

  1. farmers did not produce enough food.

  2. the government had borrowed huge sums of money and owed a huge debt to bankers

  3. France had very little trade and industry

  4. The middle class was excused from paying taxes.

  1. Louis XVI’s first finance minister, Robert Turgot, eased France’s financial crisis for a time by

    1. Forcing the nobles to pay taxes

    2. Controlling government spending and reducing expenses at Versailles

    3. Asking the Church to give up the tithe

    4. Giving tours of Versailles to interested commoners

  1. The Estates General was

    1. An assembly that represented the three estates in France

    2. A compound of several great estates

    3. Louis XVI’s gardening service

    4. A meeting of France’s higher clergy

  1. In 1789, Delegates of the Third Estate, many lower clergy and reform-minded nobles made a promise not to disband until they had written a constitution for France. This is known as the

    1. Tennis Court Meeting

    2. Tennis Court Oath

    3. Golf Course Promise

    4. National Assembly

  1. The Constitution of 1791 written by the National Assembly

    1. Allowed the king to leave France

    2. Made France a republic similar to the United States

    3. Preserved the old divisions among the three estates

    4. Established a limited monarchy in France

  1. As a result of the war with Austria and Prussia in 1792,

    1. Prussian troops occupied Paris

    2. More radical groups took control of the revolution

    3. The morale of the people declined

    4. The king gained greater public support

  2. In 1793, Louis XVI was convicted of

    1. Murder

    2. Robbing the French people

    3. Being a noble

    4. Treason

  1. During the Reign of Terror, Robespierre tried to

    1. Execute all nobles in France

    2. Restore the Catholic Church

    3. Eliminate all opposition to the revolution

    4. Negotiate peace treaties with Austria and Prussia

  1. Many people were dissatisfied with the government of the Directory because

    1. The Directory wanted to restore the monarchy

    2. The middle class was not represented in the legislature

    3. The Directory was corrupt and inefficient

    4. The country suffered military defeats under the Directory

  1. Napoleon gained power in France in 1799 by

    1. Promising to invade Russia

    2. Overthrowing the Directory

    3. Winning the battle of the Nile

    4. Executing Robespierre

  1. The Napoleonic Code was important because it

    1. Made all men equal before the law

    2. preserved all of the reforms passed during the revolution

    3. made men and women equal before the law

    4. maintained the Civil Constitution of the Clergy

  1. Which of the following countries was not under the control of Napoleon’s empire?

    1. Austria

    2. Great Britain

    3. Prussia

    4. Spain

  1. The fall of the Bastille was important because it

    1. Freed many political prisoners

    2. Led to the arrest of the king

    3. Forced the king to grant a constitution

    4. Represented a symbolic attack on the inequality and injustice of the Old Regime.

  1. Which of the following was NOT an important reform of the National Assembly in 1789?

    1. Feudal customs were abolished

    2. Tax exempt privileges of the nobles were abolished

    3. The monarchy was abolished

    4. All male citizens were made eligible for government and church positions.

  1. Which of the following was NOT a result of Napoleon’s conquests in Europe?

    1. The Continental System succeeded

    2. Nationalism grew

    3. Monarchs were overthrown

    4. Revolutionary ideas spread beyond France

  1. Napoleon undermined (went against) the ideals of the Revolution by

    1. Making all men equal before the law

    2. Guaranteeing freedom of religion

    3. Establishing the lycees

    4. Making himself First Consul for Life and “Emperor of the French”

  1. Guerilla warfare is characterized by

    1. A strategy of divide and conquer

    2. Hit and run attacks

    3. The rapid movement of troops to unexpected positions

    4. Angry gorillas

PART B: Matching – Decide which description in the right column most closely matches each item in the left column. Mark the appropriate letter (or letters) on your scantron.

  1. Tennis Court oath

  1. Brunswick Manifesto

  1. Civil Constitution of the Clergy

  1. Lycees

  1. Committee of Public Safety

  1. Declaration of the Rights of Man

  1. Émigré

  1. Continental System

  1. Old Regime

  1. First Estate

  1. Bastille

  1. Napoleonic Code

a. prevented trade between European nations and Britain

b. stated the democratic principles that French revolutionaries wanted government to be based on

c. ruled with dictatorial powers during the Reign of Terror

d. ordered the people of Paris to surrender to the Austrian and Prussian armies

e. gave the French government control of the Catholic Church in France

ab. bound reform-minded members of the Estates General to work together to give France a constitution.

ac. the clergy in France

ad. Code that unified the French legal system

ae. The traditional political and social system of France based on an absolute monarchy

bc. Paris prison fortress

bd. Political exile

be. Government run schools that encouraged patriotism and had a standardized curriculum

PART C: True or False – On your scantron, mark “a” if the statement is true and “b” if the statement is false (a = True; b = False)

  1. The Jacobins were the most radical group leading the French Revolution

  1. Emigres urged Austria and Prussia to invade France to crush the Revolution and put Louis XVI back on the Throne.

  1. Poor harvests played no role in triggering the French Revolution

  1. The Directory government featured an appointed legislature.

  1. Maximilien de Robespierre was utterly honest and dedicated to his ideals but inflexible and narrowminded.

  1. The British suffered more from the Continental System than France did.

  1. The Concordat of 1801 made relations between the French government and the Catholic Church worse.

  1. Napoleon’s greatest victory over Britain was at the battle of Waterloo.

PART D: Chronology – Decide which event in each pair happened first and mark its letter on your scantron

  1. a. Louis XVI is executed.

  1. a. Napoleon invades Russia

  1. a. Turgot advises Louis XVI to tax nobles

  1. a. Marie Antoinette is executed

  1. a. Napoleon is exiled to Elba

  1. a. France declares war on Austria

b. fall of the Bastille

b. Battle of Waterloo

b. Louis XVI calls the Estates General

b. Reign of Terror begins

b. Horatio Nelson sinks the French fleet at Cape Trafalgar

b. The Brunswick Manifesto is issued

Miss Murphy Socials 9 French Revolution

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