The Virginians massacred the Indians because they were unable keep the Indians enslaved. The fierce Indians outnumbered the English newcomers, who had superior weaponry. The English feared they would face massacre themselves if they had not taken action.
Africans were vulnerable to enslavement primarily because of inferior military power. They were helpless against the guns and ships the Europeans had.
The problems that both whites and blacks faced was toiling conditions and harsh masters. It was said that both worked laboriously in their condition. Punishment, however, was more severe for blacks. Whites received lighter sentences. They would have received whippings just as blacks would, but it is likely that blacks would receive many more. In addition, a court record showed that a black runaway was burned in the cheek with an R and continued service with is master. The blacks were punished lifetime service while whites had their service extended only shortly. Nevertheless, both blacks and whites despised the condition of servitude, and as a result worked with each other to run away and cause revolts.
We know that indentured servants resisted their indentured condition because in many cases, they conspired with black slaves to form rebellions against their white masters. They suffered similar mistreatment as black slaves and felt it was for a common good to work together.
The Virginia ruling class drove a wedge between indentured servants and enslaved blacks by introducing law which would give the socially inferior whites property such as food, money, and guns. Newly freed indentured servants would receive 50 acres of land. This caused the indentured white servants to become more accepted of their condition and less dangerous.