Chapter 19a studyguide: From Stalemate to Crisis Stability and Stalemate Party Loyalty Gold Standard Act 1900



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Chapter 19A Studyguide: From Stalemate to Crisis
Stability and Stalemate Party Loyalty Gold Standard Act 1900

Stalwarts Half-Breeds Modern Campaign

Election of 1888 Sherman Antitrust Act 1890 Dingley Tariff

McKinley Tariff 1890 Wilson-Gorman Tariff Fusion

Interstate Commerce Act 1887 Interstate Commerce Commission

Populism Grangers Cross of Gold

The Alliances People’s Party Crime of ’73

Panic of 1893 Coxey’s Army Free Silver

Bimetallism Silver Question

Sherman Silver Purchase Act William Jennings Bryan

Chapter Objectives:

1. The changing nature of American politics in the last third of the nineteenth century

2. The problems of political patronage that led to the passage of the Pendleton Act

3. The circumstances that permitted the Democrats to win the presidency in 1884 and 1892

4. The origins, purposes, and effectiveness of the Interstate Commerce Act and the Sherman Antitrust Act

5. The position of the two major parties on the tariff question, and the actual trend of tariff legislation in the 1880s and 1890s

6. The rise of agrarian discontent as manifested in the Granger movement, the Farmers’ Alliances, and the People’s Party

7. The rise of the silver question from the “Crime of ’73” through the Gold Standard Act of 1900

8. The significance of the presidential election of 1896

9. The reasons for the decline of agrarian discontent after 1896


Essay Questions to Consider

1. Compare and contrast the major farm groups: the Grange, the Farmers’ Alliances, and the People’s Party. Why were farmers never a united force? Why did farm groups fail to build effective alliances with labor unions? Did the People’s Party ultimately offer a realistic reform agenda? Why or why not?

2. Why was the United States locked in a political stalemate for nearly two decades after the end of Reconstruction? What were the consequences of this stalemate for political leadership and public policy?

3. Discuss the reasons for the emergence of an agrarian revolt in the late nineteenth century. Analyze the successes and failures of the Grange, Farmers’ Alliances, and Populist movement. Why did the Populists decide to fuse with the Democrats in 1896? Was this a mistake? What might have happened if they had not taken this action?

4. What changes had occurred in the national economy since 1865 that made the Depression of 1893–1897 so severe? Could the federal government have done anything to lessen the crisis? Did the government do anything that it should not have done?

Chapter 19B Imperial Republic

Imperialism Colonialism James G. Blaine

New Manifest Destiny Alfred Thayer Mahan Venezuelan Dispute

Pan-American Union Hawaii and Samoa Sovereignty Movement

Cultural Prostitution Act of War William Hooper

H.S.P.A. Cuban Revolt Spanish American War

Yellow Press De Lome Letter USS Maine

The Hidden War Rough Riders Foraker Act

Treaty of Paris Benevolent Assimilation Anti-Imperialist League

Platte Amendments Emilio Aguinaldo Open Door Notes

Boxer Rebellion Modern Military Divide and Conquer

Chapter Objectives:

1. The Manifest Destiny of the 1890s and how it differed from the Manifest Destiny of the 1840s

2. American foreign policy objectives with respect to Europe, Latin America, and Asia at the dawn of the twentieth century

3. The variety of factors that contributed to the ultimate American decision to become more imperialistic

4. The relationship between American economic interests, especially tariff policy, and developments in Hawaii and Cuba

5. The long- and short-term causes of the Spanish-American War

6. The technological and other reasons for the rise of the “yellow press” and its role in influencing public opinion

7. The military problems that Americans encountered in fighting both the Spanish in Cuba and the Filipino insurrectionists in the Philippines

8. The problems involved in developing a colonial administration for America’s new empire

9. The limitations of the United States as a global force at the turn of the twentieth century

10. The motives behind the Open Door notes and the Boxer Rebellion

11. The nature of military reforms carried out by Elihu Root following the Spanish-American War


Essay Questions to Consider

1. Why did the United States fight the Spanish-American War in both the Caribbean and the Pacific?



2. Why did the United States decide to acquire the Philippines, but not Cuba, following the Spanish-American War?

3. In what ways would nineteenth-century colonial acquisitions help shape twentieth-century American interests and concerns?


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