Chapter 17 Section 1 Guided Reading Extension Guided Reading

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Chapter 17 Section 1 Guided Reading Extension

  1. Guided Reading

  1. What did the settlement at the end of World War I try to accomplish?

  • Tried to fulfill 19th century dreams of nationalism by creating new boundaries and new states

  1. What wishes of Woodrow Wilson did the U.S. Senate refuse to fulfill?

  1. How did France intend to collect unpaid war reparations from Germany?

  • By utilizing mines and factories in the Ruhr Valley region of Germany

  1. Name two things the Dawes plan accomplished.

  1. What did the League of Nations Covenant suggest that nations do with their military? Reduce the size of their militaries to make war less probable

  1. List two factors that played a major role in the start of the Great Depression.

  • A series of downturns in the economies of individual nations in the second half of the 1920’s

  • An international financial crisis involving the U.S. Stock Market –European nation’s economies were closely tied to the success of the United States

  1. How bad was the Great Depression in Britain in 1932?

  1. List three problems faced by the Weimar Republic.

  • No truly outstanding leaders (some did not fully embrace the Republic)

  • Serious economic problems-massive inflation, loss of life savings, middle class turned to extremist political parties

  • Germany was hit by the Great Depression

  1. What was the old theory of how economic depressions should be solved?

  1. How did Franklin Roosevelt propose to reform capitalism in order to save it?

  • He pursued a policy of active government intervention in the economy , created the U.S. welfare system, drastically increased the size and responsibility of the government

  1. Graphic Organizers

Causes of the Great Depression

Responses to the Great Depression

  • A series of economic downturns in European nations

  • The crash of the U.S. stock market

  • The failure of U.S. banks resulted in bank failures throughout the globe

  • Cut costs by lowering wages and raising protective tariffs to exclude foreign goods from home markets

  • Increased government activity in the economy

  • Renewed interests in Marxist Doctrines

  • People followed political leaders that offered simple solutions in return for dictatorial power

Democratic States after the War-France, Germany and Great Britain

  1. Venn Diagram

Germany-no truly outstanding leaders, inflation, loss of life savings, Great Depression

France-financial problems, formation of the Popular Front by a coalition of political parties, Popular Front started a program for workers called the French New Deal, increased workers rights, failed policies

Great Britain-Loss of markets of for materials like coal, steel and textiles, rise of unemployment, Labour Party lost influence and government was taken over by Conservatives

Common=major changes in government, rise in unemployment, collapsing economies

  1. Describe the changes and reforms made by American President Franklin Roosevelt during the Great Depression.

Roosevelt’s “New Deal” programs included several different organizations and groups. One of these organizations was the WPA (Works Progress Administration). This organization employed almost 3 million people and was responsible for building bridges, roads, post offices and airports. Roosevelt also forever changed America by passing the most significant social legislation in the nation’s history. This was the Social Security Act. This act provided assistance to the unemployed and retired or those unable to work. These are only a few of the major actions taken by Roosevelt during one of the most challenging times in American History.

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