Chapter 17 Review Sheet 1960 Presidential Election The candidates were
|Chapter 17 Review Sheet
1960 Presidential Election
- The candidates were:
John F. Kennedy - Democrat
Richard M. Nixon - Republican
-This was one of the closest presidential elections in history - only about 100,000 popular votes separated the candidates.
-First Televised debates & campaign
Flexible Response - Kennedy's approach to the military; included building up conventional weapons and being prepared to respond to a variety of military attacks
Peace Corps - U.S. organization where Americans can volunteer in developing nations
Bay of Pigs Invasion - A failed attempt by the U.S. to force Fidel Castro out of power in Cuba
Cuban Missile Crisis - the confrontation between US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba
Berlin Wall - built in June of 1961; it divides East Berlin from West Berlin
New Frontier - The name given to Kennedy's social programs
Equal Pay Act - Required equal pay for equal work and helped fight discrimination
deficit spending - government practice of spending more than it takes in from taxes
space race - the competition between the U.S. and Soviet Union to get into space first.
Warren Commission - group assigned to investigate the Kennedy assassination
War on Poverty - Johnson's social programs designed to fight poverty in the U.S.
Economic Opportunity Act - created the Job Corps to help find jobs for the unemployed.
Immigration and Nationality Act - changed the U.S.quota system to allow more people around the world into the U.S.
Warren Court - Famous group of Supreme Court Justices who make decisions which support civil rights and the rights of women
Medicare - provided government funded health care for people 65 and older
Great Society - The name of Johnson's social programs to improve the quality of life for Americans
Medicaid - provided government funded health care for poor and disabled Americans
"Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country.' - Quote from President Kennedy's inauguration
Head Start - Preschool for disadvantaged children
VISTA - Volunteers In Service to America--a domestic peace corps
Job Corps - Program to help unemployed people ages 16-21
Upward Bound - Program that offered tutoring and college preparatory programs for low-income youth
Lee Harvey Oswald - Kennedy's assassin
Jack Ruby - Murdered Lee Harvey Oswald
Abraham Zapruder - Took the famous home video of the Kennedy assassination
Dallas, Texas - Location of President Kennedy's Assasination
November 22, 1963 - Date of President Kennedy's Assassination
Explain how Kennedy’s New Frontier and Johnson’s Great Society helped people’s lives.
What groups of people did each try to assist?
How did they try to help them?
In your essay, identify specific programs and efforts implemented during their administrations and explain how they improved people’s lives.
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