Chapter #13 Section I and II “Postwar Social Change”



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Mr. Martin

US History



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Chapter #13 Section I and II

Postwar Social Change

Society in the 1920s

The Flapper Image

  • Came to symbolize a revolution in manners and morals.

  • Many Americans disapproved of flappers’ departure from traditional morals.

Women Working and Voting

New Woman

  • One of the most active and controversial women of the period was Margaret Sanger.

  • Open 1st birth control clinic, led to her arrest. (8-times)

A Consumer Economy

Ford and the Automobile


  • Produced a car people could afford.

  • Used the moving assembly line and vertical consolidation to improve production.

  • gave the economy the boost it needed to provide

  • sparked the creation of a whole new industry in the 20s

  • Gas Stations, motels, etc...

Heroes of the 20s

  • Sports become very popular.

  • Media turns sports stars into larger-than-life heroes.

Society in the 1920s—Assessment

Why were some Americans opposed to flappers?

(A) Flappers opposed the 19th Amendment.

(B) Flappers challenged traditional values.

(C) Americans preferred sports heroes.

(D) Flappers encouraged immigration.

Society in the 1920s—Assessment

Which of the following was a migration pattern in the 1920s?

(A) From cities to suburbs

(B) From suburbs to cities

(C) From suburbs to rural areas

  • From the US to Canada and Mexico

Mass Media and the Jazz Age Section II

Mass media--instruments for communicating with large numbers of people.

The Jazz Age

  • Jazz, a style of music that grew out of the African American music of the South, became highly popular during the 1920s.

The Jazz Spirit

  • Jazz, a style of music that grew out of the African American music of the South, became highly popular during the 1920s.

  • Radio: is a huge influence on the spread of culture and ideas.

Writers of the 20’s

  • Spoke out against the “materialism” of the 20’s.

  • Writers such as Sinclair Lewis, Ernest Hemingway and Scott Fitzgerald.


  • The "Lost Generation" were a group of writers in the 20s who shared the belief that they were lost in a greedy, materialistic world that lacked moral values, and often chose to flee to Europe.

The Harlem Renaissance

  • An increase in African-American culture in the 20’s.

  • Supported by large developing black middle-class and white audiences.

Which of these best describes how the growth of mass media affected American culture?

(A) It allowed local cultural traditions to flourish.

(B) It made learning the Charleston easier.

(C) It spread the work of Lost Generation writers.

  • It helped create a common American popular culture.

What was the Harlem Renaissance?

(A) A style of jazz music

(B) An African American literary awakening

(C) An increase in the popularity of newspapers and magazines

(D) A type of jazz club found in Harlem

Section III and IV 1920s

Prohibition

  • 18th Amendment-prohibited the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcoholic beverages.

  • Goes into effect—Jan. 1920.

  • Liquor consumption drops, but illegal drinking by millions created an illegitimate billion-dollar industry.

  • More support in the rural areas than in the cities.

  • Gave rise to organized crime

  • Black market develops

  • US spends lots of cash to enforce, plus is out the money they would of received if they taxed liquor.

  • Repealed by the 21st Amendment to the Constitution in 1933.

Racial Tensions

Violence Against African Americans

  • Mob violence between white and black Americans erupted in about 25 cities during the summer of 1919.

  • The worst of these race riots occurred in Chicago.

Revival of the Klan

  • Focus shifted to include terrorizing not just African Americans but also Catholics, Jews, immigrants, and others.

  • It reached a peak membership of 4.5 million in 1924.

Fighting Discrimination

  • The NAACP fought for anti-lynching laws and worked to promote the voting rights of African Americans.

  • These efforts, however, met with limited success.

  • Movement led by Marcus Garvey.

  • Sought to build up African Americans’ self-respect and economic power.

  • Encouraged his followers to return to Africa and create a self-governing nation there.

  • Garvey’s ideas of racial pride and independence would affect future “black pride” movements.


Two Perspectives on African American Education

Booker T. Washington

  • put aside desire for political equality.

  • should focus on vocational skills.

  • reassured whites

W.E.B. Du Bois

  • Believed that the brightest had to lead for political equality and civil rights

  • Argued for future leaders to seek a liberal arts education.

  • Du Bois helped found the NAACP.



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