The main functions of the Confederation government was to defend the country, pay its debts, settle arguments between the states, maintain relationships with other countries, and set up a postal service for mail going between the states.
The Articles of Confederation
The Confederation had no executive branch of government because the ex-colonies remembered the executive power of the king and royal governors.
The growing importance of the areas away from the coast resulted in the assembly’s decision to move the capital further into the interior. In 1786, the assembly voted to find a new site for the capital. A new town—to be called Louisville—was ordered to be built on the Ogeechee River near an old trading post. Until it was completed, Augusta served as the capital for ten years.
After the war, GA became concerned about education. If ordinary citizens would be voting, they needed to be able to read and write and make informed decisions.
The Academy of Richmond County was the first in the state and held its first classes in Augusta in 1785.
In 1785, the state of GA chartered what became the University of Georgia.
Religion in GA
Over the next few years , old churches were rebuilt and new churches built.
The Constitution of 1777 stated that the Anglican Church was no longer the government sponsored religion.
After the war the Anglicans separated from the Church of England and founded the Episcopal church.
Religion in GA
Both Methodist and Baptist churches grew quickly in the rural, frontier areas of the state. The Baptist belief that each congregation should operate separately and that lay people had great authority in the church made it possible for backcountry settlers to form their own churches.
Slaves in town sometimes worshiped in the same churches as their owners.
Andrew Bryan, a slave, was baptized and began preaching to the African American community of Savannah. He was officially ordained as a Baptist minister and purchased his freedom.
Questions for Your Chapter 13 Graded Question Sheet
Write on loose-leaf paper to be turned in (see syllabus for due date)
A new emphasis on education emerged in the states as citizens faced the prospect of __________themselves.
Georgia made the effort to have schools in towns and led the nation in chartering a ________.
3) The main cash crop became ______.
4) After the war, GA became concerned about ____________.
The Academy of Richmond County was the first in the state and held its first classes in Augusta in _______.
6) In 1785, the state of GA chartered what became the _____________.
7) The Constitution of ________ stated that the Anglican Church was no longer the government sponsored religion.
8) ___________, a slave, was baptized and began preaching to the African American community of Savannah. He was officially ordained as a Baptist minister and purchased his freedom.
Creating a New Constitution
The problems that developed in the 1780s under the Articles all related to the weakness of its central government.
The government needed increased powers to tax so it could pay its debts and keep the respect of other countries and of its own citizens.
The young and weak US needed the power of a stronger central government to be able to negotiate effectively with Great Britain, France and Spain.