Chapter 12 Section 1 Notes Democracy



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Chapter 12

Section 1 Notes

Democracy

America was becoming fairer and equal to people. Many Europeans were surprised by America’s democracy. Alexis de Tocqueville, a visitor from France, was sent to see America’s jail system. He saw America becoming more democratic. He recorded his observations in a book called Democracy in America.

During the 1820s, more people gained suffrage (the right to vote). A lot of states drop the requirement about men having to own land. More and more people started to vote. Before 1828, less than 27% of the country voted. By 1828, 58% of the country voted. By 1840, 80% of the country voted. Women, Native Americans, and most African Americans lost the right to vote.

Election of 1824

John Quincy Adams

William Crawford

Henry Clay

Andrew Jackson

Represented the North

Represented the South

Represented the West

Represented the West

Helped end War of 1812

Too ill to compete in election

Skillful negotiator

American victories in War of 1812

Intelligent and high morals




Speaker of the House of Representatives

Born in log cabin, poor family

Seemed cold and hard to the common people




Less popular than Andrew Jackson

Was popular among the common people

Son of John Adams










Called for internal improvements










Promoted science and arts










Jackson won the popular vote of 1824 but did not by a majority (more than half). Therefore, the House of Representatives decided the President. Henry Clay helped persuade the House to vote for Adams. Jackson and his followers felt cheated.



President John Quincy Adams

Adams wanted to improve internal improvements, arts, and science. Americans felt that those programs were a waste of money. Many of his programs did not pass.



Election of 1828

The Election of 1824 was between John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson. Jackson won the election easily. The common people felt very happy about Jackson being president.



Political Parties

There were two political parties: Whigs (people who wanted the government to spur the economy) who called themselves National Republicans and were former Federalist supported John Quincy Adams, and the Democrats (people who were common people) supported Andrew Jackson.



Choosing Candidates

At first, powerful members of each parties use to hold a caucus (private meeting) in choosing their President candidate. Many people disliked the caucus. In the 1830s, the parties started to hold a nominating convention (where delegates from all the states chose the party’s candidate for President).


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