Chapter 12: Cold War and Post War Changes: S1 Development of the Cold War



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Chapter 12: Cold War and Post War Changes: S1 Development of the Cold War Name__________________________________

Big Idea: International rivalry between superpowers and growing nationalism in the Third World led to major conflicts in the Cold War
Main Idea 1: After World War II, the differences between the United States and Soviet Union became very apparent, and the two powers became fierce rivals. AJ FRB NK

Topic

Dates

Events

Causes

Details

Consequences

People

Rivalry

in Europe





1946

There was a civil war in Greece.


Western leader’s feared communism and communists were suspicious of the West.

Communists and anti-communists were fighting over control of Greece and Britain withdrew its aid to the anti-communist,

Truman Doctrine was created,

N/A

Truman Doctrine



1947

The Civil War in Greece and general spread of communism.

America wanted to stop the spread of communism.

Stated that the US would provide money to countries threatened by communism.

The US became involved in Europe.

President Harry S. Truman

Marshall Plan



June 1947

$13 Billion dollars were given for aide to economic recovery.

The Truman Doctrine. It was believed that Communism was successful in countries that had economic problem.

Marshall plan was meant to rebuild Europe and included $13 billion in aid for Europe’s economic recovery.

Soviets founded the COMECON. Europe was restored from ruins. Europe was split between America and Russia.

General George C. Marshall

Division of Germany


1948

Germany divided into four zones.

Russia desire to severely punish the Germans, and their opposition to the creation of a West German state.

In 1949, the Federal Republic of Germany, or West Germany, was formally created. The German Democratic Republic, or East Germany was created.

The Berlin Wall.

N/A



Chpt 12 S1 Main Idea 2: As Cold War tensions increased, nations were forced to choose to support the Soviet Union or U.S.

TB RM AP KK


Topic

Dates

Events

Causes

Details

Consequences

People

New Military Alliances


1949

1955


1) North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
2) The Warsaw Pact as signed
3) Southeast Asia Treaty Organization was formed.

4) The Central Treaty Organization (CENTO)



1) During the Cold War, nations were searching for security
2) To form an alliance against the NATO

3) To stem the soviet aggression in the east.

4) To prevent the Soviet Union from expanding to the south.


1) West Germany, Turkey, and Greece joined the treaty a few years later.

2)_______

3) _______

4)________



1) All the powers who signed agreed to provide mutual help if any one of them was attacked.

2) Europe was once again divided into hostile alliance systems.

3&4) By the mid-1950s the US found itself allied militarily with 42 states around the world.


1) Belgium, Luxembourg, France, The Netherlands, Great Britain, Italy, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Iceland, with the U.S. and Canada signed the treaty.

2) Albania, Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania.

3) US, Great Britain, France, Pakistan, Thailand, Philippines, Australia, and New Zealand.

4) Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, Great Britain, and the US.




Arms Race


1949
1950s

1957


1) The Soviet Union had set off its first atomic bomb.

2) Hydrogen bomb developed by US and Soviet Union.

3) The Soviets sent Sputnik I, the first human made space satellite, to orbit the earth.














Berlin Wall

1955

1) Nikita Khrushchev a new leader of the Soviet Union emerged.




1) He tried to take advantadge of American concern over missles to solve the problem of West Berlin.

1) West Berlin remained a western Island




Cuban Missile Crisis


1962

1) Nikita Khrushchev -















Chapter 12: Sec. 2: Cold War and Post War Changes: Sec. 2 The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe Name________________________

Big Idea: A totalitarian system violates human rights in the pursuit of political power.
Main Idea 1: The Soviet Union recovered rapidly after WWII, but could not maintain high levels of production. (p 593) WHO?

C12, Sec. 2: Main Idea 2: After WWII, Soviet control of Eastern Europe became firmly entrenched.


Topic

Dates

Events

Causes

Details

Consequences

People

Reign of Stalin



1946

1950


1953

Literary work must meet needs of the state.

Russian industry surpasses prewar levels by 40%.

Stalin dies.


Stalin’s suspicion of anti- communist.

Stalin’s five-year economic plan.

Natural causes.


New power plants, canals, and giant factories were built.

Restricted liberal writing.

Lack of consumer goods and inadequate housing.

No more party purges.


Joseph Stalin

Average Russian family lived in a one-bedroom apartment.



Khrushchev Era



1956

1962


1964

Khruschev condemns Stalin’s policies.

Loosened literary censorship.

Khrushchev voted out of office.


To increase Russian standard of living.

Disastrous foreign policy.




De-Stalinization begins.

Alienation of other soviet leaders with policy in Cuba.



Increased consumer goods production.

Failed agricultural expansion.

Khrushchev voted out of office.


Khrushchev

Topic

Dates

Events

Causes

Details

Consequences

People

Communist patterns of control



1945

1948


1953

1980


Soviet’s begin to take over eastern Europe.

Five year economic plans instituted in eastern Europe.

Five year plans end.

Josip Broz “Tito” dies.



Buffer between Russia and the west.

Soviet industrialization.

Death of Stalin.


Soviet control of east Europe est. 1948.

Yugoslavia leaves soviet communist bloc.

Elimination of non-communist parties.


Lack of consumer goods; increased European heavy industry.

Stalin

Khrushchev

Tito


Revolts against Communism



1953

1956


1968

Antonin Novotny made secretary of Czechoslovakia.

Poland, Hungary revolt.

Dubcek established and deposed


Internal dissent and dissatisfaction with Soviet control and exploitation.

Dissatisfaction with censorship; too liberal reforms.



Reforms made in Poland; compromises made with Soviets.

Hungary revolts, leader Imre Nagy captured & executed by Soviets.



Increased dissent with Novotny led to Czech. reform.

Military occupation of Hungary.

Polish compromise with Soviets over reform


Antonin Novotny

Alexander Dubcek

Wladyslaw Gomulka

Imre Nagy



Nikita Khrushchev



Chapter 12: S3: Cold War and Post War Changes: S3 Western Europe and North America Name________________________

Big Idea: Throughout history, people have struggled for rights
Main Idea 1: After the end of WWII, most of western Europe recovered economically, and the region became more unified. (p 598)


Topic

Dates

Events

Causes

Details

Consequences

People

Economic Miracle of West Germany



1949

The economy in west Germany was helped by the common market




THE COMMON MARKET WAS OBJECTED TO A ECONOMICAL RISE OF WHICH IT THRIVED.




Ludwig Erhard, Konrad Adenauer,

Decline of Britain



1957

BLOC was created




The procrastinated truth of the bloc was that it was intervented to the end of the republic.




Winston Churchill, Clement Attlee.

Move toward Unity

1950

EEC perished




EEC WAS A ORGANIZATION THAT DID NOT WORK.




No people were involved
RS VG RR MS

Chapter 12: S3: Cold War and Post War Changes: S3 Western Europe and North America Name________________________
Main Idea 2: In the years following WWII, the U.S. faced a range of difficult social and political issues. (p 600)


Topic

Dates

Events

Causes

Details

Consequences

People

1960s and President Johnson


1963


he succeed JFK

Martin Luther King

Jr. was shot.


He bacames president because JFK was shot

Vice President of

JFK who was assassinated



President Johnson supported the civil rights movement for African Americans.

The people were Martin Luther king Jr. president Johnson and



Social Upheaval



1965-1968

race riots brok out kiulling 34 and destroying some building

There wanted the black edeas

there was a big huge riot where people were killing.







American – Canandian Relations

1940-1955

Canada, after becoming prosperous, feared America would attack them for their economy.

Canada









RS VG RR MS

Chapter 12: S3: Cold War and Post War Changes: S3 Western Europe and North America Name:Awaz, Julie, and Lacey ____________________
Main Idea 3: After WWII, advances in technology and struggle for rights led to rapid change in Western Society.


Topic

Dates

Events

Causes

Details

Consequences

People

1960s and President Johnson



1960

1964


1964

John F Kennedy became youngest elected president
He became president

He took up the cause for the Civil Rights Movement



His administration was cut short.

It ended segregation and discrimination




He was killed by an assassin.

He began the New Deal









Social Upheaval



1965
1968

Race riots broke out in LA

Martin Luther king Jr. was assassinated



Discrimination
“ “

Riots led to a “White Backlash”

34 people died and over a thousand buildings were destroyed.

Racial equality



African American and Whites

“ “


American – Canandian Relations

1945

1949


Canada was the founding member of the United Nations

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization



Canadians feared American economic domination of Canada. Canadian growth was financed by the American capital.

They sought to establish their own identity in world politics.

Set out on a new path of industrial development






Canadians and Americans
AK JB LL


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