Chapter 11 (WWI) Review Name: _________________________ Test Date: _______________ If you can thoroughly answer the following objectives and questions you understand the material – start with your guide reads and then look through the book if you are still confused. YOU MUST ANSWER THE BOLDED QUESTIONS!! World War I Begins (Section 1):
Identify the long-term causes and the immediate circumstances that led to World War I (p. 372-74).
What caused WWI?
What alliances divided Europe in 1914?
What diplomatic crises sparked the war?
Describe the first two years of the war (p. 374-75).
What was Germany’s Schlieffen Plan?
What characteristics describe trench warfare during WWI?
Summarize U.S. public opinion about the war (p. 376-79).
What motivated those who opposed entering the war?
What motivated those who favored it?
What factors increased American sympathy for the Allies?
Explain why the United States entered the war (p. 379-80).
Why did the German threat to sink all ships in British waters push the U.S. to declare war?
What did the Zimmermann note reveal about Germany’s plans?
American Power Tips the Balance (Section 2):
Describe how the United States mobilized for war (p. 381-83).
How did the United States raise an army during World War I?
How did the United States increase ship production?
Summarize U.S. battlefield successes (p. 383).
What was the significance of the convoy system?
How did the arrival of new American troops affect the spirit of Allied troops?
Identify the new weapons and the medical problems faced in World War I (p. 384-85).
Who led the American troops in Europe?
What new weapons were used during WWI?
How did medical services respond to the physical an emotional wounds suffered by the soldiers?
Describe U.S. offensives and the end of the war (p. 386-87).
In what important battles did U.S. troops fight?
What made Alvin York a hero?
What caused the collapse of Germany?
How many people died during World War I?
The War at Home (Section 3):
Explain how business and government cooperated during the war (p. 388-90).
Why was the WIB established?
How did the war affect the U.S. economy?
How did U.S. civilians respond to the war?
Show how the government promoted the war (p. 390-91).
How did the government finance the war?
How did the government build support for the war?
Describe the attacks on civil liberties that occurred (p. 391-92).
What groups were the main targets of anti-immigrant hysteria during the war?
How did the Espionage and Sedition Acts affect civil liberties in the United States?
Summarize the social changes that affected African Americans and women (p. 392-95).
What was the Great Migration?
What new opportunities did the war offer to women?
What were the effects of the worldwide flu epidemic that erupted during the war?
In your mind, is it disloyal or unpatriotic to voice opposition to government policies during wartime (explain)?
Wilson Fights for Peace (Section 4):
Summarize Wilson’s Fourteen Points (p. 398-99).
What were Wilson’s Fourteen Points?
Why did the Allies reject Wilson’s peace plan?
Describe the Treaty of Versailles and international and domestic reaction to it (p. 400-02).
What were the main provisions of the Treaty of Versailles?
What were some weaknesses of the Treaty?
How did Americans react to the Treaty?
Why did Americans disagree about the League of Nations?
Explain some of the consequences of the war (p. 403).
Why did Germany object to the Treaty of Versailles?
How did the war affect Germany?
How did the war affect U.S. power and prestige in the world?
Do you think that people and governments can resolve their differences without war (explain)?