Chapter 11 Rome and Christianity Short Answer 1. What Roman emperor ended the persecution of Christians?
2. The Romans frequently made payments to the Goths. This system was essentially a way to prevent the
3. Justinian wanted to
4. The emperor believed that by banning certain Jewish rituals, people would
5. After Caesar’s rule, Octavian
6. What effect did Theodora have on the riots in AD 532?
7. Which of the following statements is true about Claudius?
“To suppress the rumor that he was the arsonist, Nero fabricated scapegoats, and punished with every refinement the notoriously depraved Christians. First, Nero had the self-acknowledged Christians arrested. Then, on their information, large numbers of others were condemned. . . . Their deaths were made farcical. Dressed in wild animals’ skins, they were torn to pieces by dogs, or crucified, or made into torches to be ignited after dark as substitutes for daylight. Nero provided his Gardens for the spectacle, and exhibited displays in the Circus, at which he mingled with the crowd, or stood in a chariot, dressed as a charioteer.”
9. Why did Nero have self-acknowledged Christians arrested first?
10. Which word best describes Nero’s actions?
11. Nero presented the deaths of Christians as
12. On whom did Nero try to place blame for the fire?
13. Which word best describes the Roman approach to science and engineering?
14. What event do many historians consider the end of the Western Roman Empire?
15. The Roman Empire fell for all of the following reasons except
16. Which did Galen influence?
17. Which of the following best describes why Marc Antony and Octavian became enemies?
18. Roman roads were built primarily in order to allow
19. Octavian became sole ruler after
20. Which of the following best describes why Roman emperors by the end of the AD 100s started giving up land the Roman army conquered?
21. Which of the following best describes how Caesar responded to the Senate and Pompey after the war in Gaul?
22. What material did the Romans invent that helped their structures last?
23. Cicero wanted the Romans to give power to
24. Which of the following best summarizes an effect the military battles had on farming?
25. The Hagia Sophia is a
26. The Roman language influenced how people speak and write today because
“Caesar, having divided his forces . . . and having hastily [quickly] constructed some bridges, enters their country in three divisions, burns their houses and villages, and gets possession of a large number of cattle and men.”
What can you infer about Caesar from this passage?
28. Which of the following was the best way to create a huge open area within a building?
29. Which of the following is the main reason why the Roman language spread to the farthest parts of the empire?
30. What effect did the occupation of Judea have on the Roman Empire?
31. Which of the following best describes why many people became Jesus’s followers?
32. Which material was used in building the Roman roads?
33. How many layers of material were the roads made of?
34. Which material was used to hold the top layer of stones together?
Complete each statement. If you chose the first word in the set bubble in the letter A on your Scantron Sheet, bubble in the letter B if your choice is the second word in the set. 35. In 27 BC the Senate gave ____________________the title Augustus, which means “revered one.” (Marc Antony/Octavian) 36. In his speeches, ____________________ called on upper-class Romans to work together to improve Rome. (Cicero/Virgil) 37. The Romans created lasting structures by using ____________________. (arches/aqueducts) 38. The ____________________ tells about the life and teachings of Jesus. (Old Testament/New Testament) 39. In AD 410 the ____________________ marched into Rome and sacked the city. (Huns/Visigoths) 40. Romans called the capital of the eastern empire ____________________. (Constantinople/Byzantium) 41. Most people in the Byzantine Empire spoke ____________________. (Latin/Greek) 42. The apostle ____________________ traveled throughout the Roman world spreading Christian teachings. (Paul/Constantine) 43. Between 58 and 50 BC Julius Caesar conquered nearly all of ____________________. (Gaul/Italy) 44. Unlike the Romans, the ____________________ worshipped one god. (Persians/Jews) True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If the statement is True bubble in letter A on your Scantron. If the statement is False bubble in the letter B. ____ 45. Caesar took the title princeps, or “first citizen.”
____ 46. Caesar’s military success helped him to become successful in politics.
____ 47. During the later Roman Empire, Romans asked Germanic tribes to help defend the empire’s borders.
____ 48. People who were conquered by the Romans were generally allowed to worship whatever gods they pleased.
____ 49. Under the emperor Octavian, Rome conquered all of Asia Minor.
____ 50. In the 70s BC Rome was a dangerous place to live.
____ 51. When Rome conquered Judea, it immediately banned the practice of Judaism.
____ 52. The poet Ovid wrote an epic about the founding of Rome.
____ 53. Early Christians spread Jesus’s teachings only among Jews.
____ 54. The creation of the Eastern Orthodox Church led to greater unity between eastern and western Europe.
____ 55. Roman officials wanted to help early Christians spread their faith throughout the empire.
____ 56. When Rome became an empire, it consisted of a small area of present-day Italy.
____ 57. Justinian’s interests included law and the church.
____ 58. Caesar was able to win supporters by speaking in the public forum.
____ 59. Early Christians believed that the Resurrection meant that Jesus was the Messiah.
____ 60. According to the Bible, Jesus was born in the town of Nazareth at the end of the first century BC.
____ 61. The Goths were able to defeat the armies of the western empire.
____ 62. By the end of the AD 100s, the only threats to the Roman Empire came from outside of the empire.
____ 63. Immediately after the fall of Rome, the eastern empire collapsed as well.
____ 64. Diocletian divided the Roman Empire into three part