Chapter 10 test bank 2014



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CHAPTER 10 TEST BANK 2014


1.Which of the following is most accurate

  1. Medieval Europe was a feudal society with an agricultural economy and domination by the church whereas Renaissance Europe was characterized by a growing national consciousness and political centralization

  2. The church played little or no role in Renaissance Europe

  3. Renaissance Europe was a feudal society with an agricultural economy and domination by the church whereas Medieval Europe was characterized by an urban economy based on organized commerce and capitalism

  4. Renaissance Europe was a feudal society with an agricultural economy and domination by the church whereas Medieval Europe was characterized by a growing national consciousness and political centralization

  5. Medieval land Renaissance Europe were both feudal societies that focused on an urband economy and organized commerce

2.Which of the following cities played a key role in the trade between Europe and the Near East?



  1. Bolongna

  2. Siena

  3. Venice

  4. Milan

  5. Florence

3.Endemic warfare between the pope and the Holy Roman Emperor



  1. Depopulated Italy’s cities

  2. Had little effect on Italy

  3. Had all but ended by 1000

  4. Assisted the growth of Italian city states

  5. Was a boon for the landed nobility

4.*Which of the following cities had uninterrupted trade with the Near East throughout the Middle Ages, maintaining a vibrant urban society?



  1. Avignon

  2. Pisa

  3. Lyon

  4. Paris

  5. Naples

5.Social strife and competition for political power became so intense within the cities that most evolved into



  1. Feudal states

  2. Despotisms

  3. Oligrachies

  4. Mini-monarchies

e.democracies

6.Which of the following is the correct list of the four major social groups that existed within Florence?



  1. Nobles and merchants, new merchant class, clergy, lower economic classes

  2. Nobles and merchants, clergy, middle burgher, and lower classes

  3. Kings and queens, new merchant class, clergy, and lower economic classes

  4. Clergy, nobility, merchants and serfs

  5. Nobles and merchants, new merchant class, middle burgher, and lower middle classes

7.This occurred in 1378 as a result of the unbearable conditions for those at the bottom of society and the disruption caused by the Black Death

  1. French Revolution

  2. Boxer Uprising

  3. Jacquerie

  4. Ciompi Revolt

  5. Signing of the Treaty of Lodi

8.In the early modern Italian city-states, the term condotierri referred to



  1. The wealthy merchant class

  2. Hired mercenary soldiers

  3. Powerful and unscrupulous popes

  4. Cloth guilds

  5. Ruling oligarchies of some city-states

9.Which of the following cities became the center of the High Renaissance(1490-1520) culture?4

  1. Rome

  2. Venice

  3. Florence

  4. Naples

Milan

10.The government of Venice during the Renaissance may closely be labeled a



  1. Constitutional monarchy

  2. Dictatorship

  3. Republic

  4. Autocracy

  5. Democracy

11.The term “civic humanists” refers to those individuals who



  1. Taught civics to other humanists scholars

  2. Emphasized the role of cities in classical civilization

  3. Wanted to remove themselves from public life

  4. Wanted to use their humanist learning in the service of their city-states

  5. Feared the encroachment of politics on their learning

12.The Sack of Rome in 1527 played a significant role in the



  1. Elimination of the papacy as a political force in Italian affairs

  2. End of the High Renaissance

  3. Protestant Reformation

  4. Counter-Reformation

Economic collapse of southern Italy

13.All of the following help to explain why the Renaissance originated on the Italian peninsular

EXCEPT


  1. Geography

  2. Political organization

  3. Religion

  4. Social structure

  5. Economic structure

14.“ Geography is destiny” proved true for the Italians of the 14th and 15th centuries for all of the following reasons EXCEPT



  1. Their proximity to the Mediterranean

  2. Their establishment of overland trade with Asia

  3. Their role as “middlemen” of Europe

  4. Their ability to adapt to victimization by more united peoples

e. Their seagoing trade with the eastern Mediterranean
15.Which of these city-states is said to have been the cultural center of the Renaissance and has been compared to ancient Athens for its burst of creatively over a relatively short time span?

  1. Venice

  2. Milan

  3. Rome

  4. Genoa

  5. Florence

16.The powerful middle class that developed in the independent city-states of Renaissance Italy was involved in all of the following EXCEPT



  1. Making profitable loans to popes and monarchs

  2. Financing commercial ventures

  3. Patronizing the arts

  4. Encouraging manorialism

  5. Controlling the governments of the city-states

17.Which dynasty of merchants, bankers, and depots of Florence used its wealth to patronize the great creative artist of the day?



  1. Petrarch

  2. Bellini

  3. Medici

  4. Sforza

  5. Condottieri

18.Reasons that the Renaissance originated on the Italian peninsula included all of the following EXCEPT the peninsula’s



  1. Geographic location

  2. Political organization

  3. Religion

  4. Social structure

  5. Economic structure

19.The political strength of the Medici family in Florence was initially based on

(A) a close alliance with the papacy

(B) the influence and wealth of their bank

(C) the support of the lower classes

(D) the support of a powerful citizen militia

(E) their tenure in various municipal offices

20.Cosimo de Medici brought stability to this city after his rise to power in 1434



  1. Rome

  2. Milan

  3. Florence

  4. Naples

e. Venice

21.Italian balance-of-power diplomacy



  1. Was designed to prevent a single Italian state form dominating the peninsula

  2. Successfully prevented foreign domination of Italy

  3. Was primarily concerned with controlling the papacy

  4. Was critical to the economic success of Italy



22.Secularism during the Renaissance can best be described as



  1. repudiation fo the Roman Catholic faith

  2. a concern with the nature of individuality

  3. an emphasis on money and pleasure

  4. a belief kin individual genius

  5. a literary movement centered primarily in the Northern states of Europe

23.Which of the following cities became the center of the High Renaissance(1490-1520) culture?4

  1. Rome

  2. Venice

  3. Florence

  4. Naples

  5. Milan

24.One factor that enabled the Renaissance to flourish in Northern Italy was that the region had



  1. a wealthy class that invested in the arts

  2. a socialist for of government

  3. limited contact with the Byzantine Empire

  4. a shrinking middle class

25.Which societal condition was basic to the development of Greek philosophy and Renaissance art? NO KEY



  1. rigid social classes

  2. emphasis on individualism

  3. religious uniformity

  4. mass education

26. The government of Venice during the Reniassance may most closely be labeled a

  1. constitutional monarchy

  2. dictatorship

  3. republic

  4. autocracy

  5. democracy

27,Which characteristic was common to the Golden Age of Greece and the Italian Renaissance? NO KEY



  1. a strong military led to national unity

  2. written constitutions led to the establishment of democratic governments

  3. prosperity led to the creation of many works of art

  4. political instability led directly to the formation of unified nation-states

28.During the early 16th century the need for reform within the Roman Catholic Church was indicated by all of the following EXCEPT

  1. Clerical immorality

  2. The lack of education of the ordinary clergy

  3. The growth of The Brethren of the Common Life

  4. The extravagant lifestyle of prelates and popes

  5. Clerical pluralism

29.Renaissance culture



  1. Was enjoyed by most Europeans

  2. Was rejected by the Church for its secularism

  3. Was that of a small business elite

  4. Mirrored the attitudes of the urban population

  5. Stressed Greco-Roman ideals of gender equality

30. Renaissance humanism is primarily defined as



(A) a curriculum based on the study of the classics, rhetoric, and history

(B) an antireligious program dedicated to the destruction of the Church

(C) an artistic style that portrayed the depraved state of human beings

(D) a philosophical movement that emphasized the beauty of nature

(E) a religious movement that attempted to make Christianity relevant to daily experience
31.Renaissance humanism


  1. Devalued mastery of ancient languages

  2. Urged the development of a single talent to perfection

  3. Valued ancient philosophers as the final authorities on all matters

  4. Denied the existence of God

  5. Valued scholarship for its own sake and for the glory it brought the city-state

32.The first humanists were



  1. Politicians and their secretaries

  2. Farmers and blacksmiths

  3. Historians and musicians

  4. Orators and poets

  5. Clergy

33.Which of the following was the most important intellectual recovery made during the Italian Renaissance



  1. Apostolic theology

  2. Spartan military strategies

  3. Roman studies

  4. Greek studies

  5. Roman law

“It was a literary movement that reflected an new way of looking at the human condition. The writers were laymen, not clergy , who examined secular issues such as politics and the emotional life of the individual. While they drew on the themes of the ancient classics and often wrote in classical Latin and Greek, they also laid the foundations for modern language and literature by writing in their mother tongue”


34.The literary movement described above is

  1. Secularism

  2. Individualism

  3. Classicism

  4. Humanism

  5. Virtu

35.Which is true of Humanism?

  1. It set a limit on what human beings could accomplish in this world

  2. It emphasized the study of Greek and Roman classical literature

  3. It sought to understand human nature exclusively by means of studying the writings of the early Christian philosophers

  4. It promoted medieval lifestyle

e.It discouraged a study of pagan writers

36. The humanists of the Renaissance differed from the traditional medieval philosophers in the humanists’



  1. interest in the spiritual life of people

  2. lack of interest in Ancient Greek and Roman culture

  3. rejection of Christian principles

  4. emphasis on the importance of the individual

37.The primary shift in thinking brought by the Italian Renaissance was



  1. renewed interest in art

  2. an outpouring of religious fervor

  3. ultramontanism, or great reverence for the papacy

  4. an interest in political unity

  5. appreciation for the abilities and power of man

38.Renaissance humanism was a contradiction of the Middle Ages in that it

  1. Denied Church doctrine, including the Trinity

  2. Promoted art, especially painting

  3. Ignored the authority of the Church

  4. Emphasized the goodness of the present and the power of humanity

  5. Sought a logical explanation for the outbreak of plague in the 14th century

39.In Europe, a major characteristic of humanism was



  1. a belief in the supremacy of the state in relation to individual rights

  2. a rejection of ancient civilizations and their cultures

  3. an emphasis on social control and obedience to national rulers

  4. an appreciation for the basic worth of individual achievement

40.Which statement best describes a characteristic of the Renaissance in Europe?

  1. the social structure became very rigid

  2. creativity in the arts was encouraged

  3. the political structure was similar to that of the Roman Empire

  4. humanism decreased in importance

“Europe is waking out of a long, deep sleep…time was when learning was only found in the religious orders…learning has passed to secular princes and peers.”

41.This quotation best describes the



  1. Renaissance

  2. decline of the Roman Empire

  3. Crusades

  4. rise of Christianity

42.Humanist scholars broke from medieval scholarly tradition



  1. in declaring that all knowledge was relative

  2. by insisting on reading the original manuscript

  3. by challenging the existence of God

  4. by supporting scientific experimentation

  5. by rejecting the central authority of the church

43.Which was a major characteristic of the Renaissance?



  1. conformity

  2. humanism

  3. mysticism

  4. obedience

44.Which of the following cities became the center of the High Renaissance (1490-1520) culture?



  1. Rome

  2. Venice

  3. Florence

  4. Naples

  5. Milan

45.European society during the Renaissance differed from European society during the Middle Ages in that during the Renaissance



  1. the Church was no longer influential NO KEY

  2. the emphasis on individual worth increased

  3. economic activity declined

  4. art no longer contained religious themes

46.The humanists of the Renaissance differed from the traditional medieval philosophers in the humanists’

  1. interest in the spiritual life of people

  2. lack of interest in Ancient Greek and Roman culture

  3. rejection of Christian principles

  4. emphasis on the importance of the individual

47.In the Renaissance period, which factor was emphasized by the philosophy of humanism?



  1. superiority of medieval thought

  2. devotion to religion

  3. value of the individual

  4. obedience to government officials

48. Renaissance humanism was a contradiction of the Middle Ages in that it

  1. Denied Church doctrine, including the Trinity

  2. Promoted art, especially painting

  3. Ignored the authority of the Church

  4. Emphasized the goodness of the present and the power of humanity

`e.Sought a logical explanation for the outbreak of plague in the 14th century

49.Renaissance humanists were primarily interested in the Roman politician Cicero because of



  1. his moral courage

  2. his detailed explanation of he crisis of the late Roman Republic

  3. his denunciation of Caesar’s tyranny

  4. his financial acumen

  5. the beauty of his Latin prose

50.Refer to the excerpt “The Renaissance Garden”. Based on this excerpt, which of the following is most accurate?



  1. The garden was pivotal center in numerous aspects of Renaissance society

  2. Gardens were seen only in of wealth and privilege that only the wealthy practical terms, as a source of fresh food in an urban environment

  3. A garden lacked a practical function, but the social dimensions created outweighed the cost to maintain the garden’s beauty

  4. A garden was a sign in of wealth and privilege that only the wealthy could enjoy

  5. A garden’s main purpose was to romance and seduce potential suitors

51.He was known as the the “father of humanism”



  1. Dante Alighieri

  2. Francesco Petrarch

  3. Cosimo de Medici

  4. Guarino da Verona

  5. Giovani Bocaccio

52.In the 15th century, Lorenzo Valla proved that the Donation of Constantine was a forgery by

  1. Showing that the paper was too new to be from the time of Constantine

  2. Providing other documents that contradicted what was supposedly stated in the Donation

  3. Revealing papal documents that discussed the forged nature of the document

  4. Showing that the language used in the document was not in use in the age of Constantine

  5. Guessing that Constantine never would have wanted to leave the Church

53.How did Valla become a hero to Protestant reformers?



  1. His decision to renounce the papacy

  2. His teaching to depict humans as the only creatures in the world who posses the freedom to be whatever they chose

  3. His work, Oration of the Dignity of Man

  4. His defense of predestination against the advocates of freewill

  5. His defense of free will against the advocates of predestination

54.Renaissance humanists were primarily interested in the Roman politician Cicero because of



  1. his moral courage

  2. his detailed explanation of he crisis of the late Roman Republic

  3. his denunciation of Caesar’s tyranny

  4. his financial acumen

  5. the beauty of his Latin prose

55.The Treaty of Lodi did all of the following EXCEPT



  1. prevent France from gaining a foothold in Italy

  2. bring Milan and Naples into the alliance with Florence

  3. maintain cooperation during the second half of the 15th century

  4. include Venice despite the Papal States anger

  5. present a unified front of the fie states to foreign enemies

56.Ludovico of Milan’s fatal mistake was that he



  1. appealed to the French for help and invited them to reenter Italy and receive their dynastic claim to Naples

  2. claimed Naples for himself, as king and disregarded French dynastic claims to rule

  3. disregarded the threat posed by Milan and supported by Florence, and denied French aid or assistance

  4. sold the city of Milan to the French without proper authority

  5. spurned all attempts by the French to forge an alliance with Milan

57.The Hapsburg-Valois wars were wars fought between France and



  1. Spain: France won all four major battles

  2. Italy: Italy won all four major battles

  3. Spain: Spain won all four major battles

  4. England: France won all four major battles

  5. Italy: France won all four major battles

58.The belief that by cultivating the finest qualities of their beings, human beings could commune with God was a conclusion of



  1. Guildsmen

  2. Neoplatonists

  3. The lay piety movement

  4. The Catholic Church in Renaissnace Italy

  5. The doge

59.Which did NOT enable the spread of the Renaissance?



  1. The Treaty of Lodi

  2. Milan’s invitation to Charles VIII to bring troops to Italy

  3. The printing press

  4. Students and teachers migrating in and out of the Italian peninsula

  5. The lay piety movement

60.The most significant aspect of the social composition of the Renaissance art world was



  1. the high degree of women’s participation in it

  2. its apprentice system

  3. the large proportion of artists who came from the elite classes

  4. the lack of the patronage system

  5. the high degree of specialization that was demanded

61.The work of art that both captures the emphasis on human form and illustrates the last and most heroic phase of Renaissance art is

  1. Giotto’s Life of St Francis

  2. Picasso’s Guernica

  3. Donatello’s david

  4. Michelangelo’s David

  5. St Peter’s Basilica

62.Sculpture in the Southern Renaissance differed dfrom sculpture of the Middle Ages in that it featured



  1. Free standing forms rather than bas-relief

  2. Nude figures

  3. The human form portrayed more realisitically

  4. Pietas-sculptures of Mary holding the body of a crucified Christ

  5. All of the above

63.Which of the following Italian Renaissance writers is INCORRECTLY paired with his work?



  1. Machiavelli-The Prince

  2. Castiglioni- The Book of the Courtier

  3. Petrarch – sonnets

  4. Dante-Divine Comedy

e. Boccaccio- Praise of Folly
64.Leonardo Da Vinci was not considered a forerunner of the scientific revolution because his

  1. Ideas and drawing were too far-fetched to be credible

  2. Work went unpublished and unknown until the 20th century

  3. Life predates the early scientists

  4. Art interested the public more than his science

  5. Work and life included all the above

65. Renaissance artists viewed the medieval past with



  1. The same reverence that they held for the classical period

  2. Tremendous respect for their achievements, though they did not view them as equal to the ancients

  3. No clear sense that their own age was distinct from the medieval period

  4. Disdain for what they perceived to be its backwardness

  5. Great interest because it served to inspire their own works of art

66.Renaissance sculpture differed from medieval sculpture in that



  1. It ignored religious themes

  2. Renaissance artists made use of marble

  3. It abhorred realism

  4. It abandoned the classical tradition

e. It revived the classical tradition of sculpture in the round

67.The sculpture of the Renaissance differed from that of the Middle Ages in all the following ways EXCEPT



  1. Forms were anatomically proportional

  2. The faces expressed emotion

  3. The figures expressed animation

  4. The artists prided themselves on the individuality of style

  5. The subject matter was religious

68. Renaissance art



  1. Was characterized by the severe specialization of its artists

  2. Was characterized by religious subject matter

  3. Abandoned painting in favor of sculpture

  4. Was characterized by its concern for the human form

  5. Did not require patrons

69.Which of the following was NOT a factor that contributed to the Renaissance artistic achievement?



  1. Patronage of the pope

  2. The invasion of Italy by the French

  3. The competitive spirit of competing elites

  4. The apprentice system

  5. The lack of separation between artistic and commercial aspects of the Renaissance art world

70. Renaissance sculpture differed from medieval sculpture in that



  1. It ignored religious themes

  2. Renaissance artists made use of marble

  3. It abhorred realism

  4. It abandoned the classical tradition

e. It revived the classical tradition of sculpture in the round
71. All of the following are true of Renaissance art EXCEPT ?

  1. Art tended to be abstract and formulaic

  2. Artwork reflected symmetry and proportion reflected a belief in the harmony of the universe

  3. Art emphatically embraced the natural world and human emotions

  4. Art often blended classical and Christian influences

  5. Works were given rational, even mathematical order

72.Which of the following is a significant difference between medieval and Renaissance sculpture?



  1. The shift from the Old Testament to New Testament themes

  2. The use of stone rather that wood

  3. Renaissance sculpture was devoid of religious subjects

  4. Renaissance art represented the visible world rather than conventional symbolism

  5. Renaissance sculpture was no longer commissioned by the popes

73.The most significant aspect of the social composition of the Renaissance art world was



  1. the high degree of women’s participation in it

  2. its apprentice system

  3. the large proportion of artists who came from the elite classes

  4. the lack of the patronage system

  5. the high degree of specialization that was demanded

74.The work of art that both captures the emphasis on human form and illustrates the last and most heroic phase of Renaissance art is



  1. Giotto’s Life of St Francis

  2. Picasso’s Guernica

  3. Donatello’s david

  4. Michelangelo’s David

e. St Peter’s Basilica

75.The artistic brilliance of the quattrocento and the cinquecento was spurred in both Florence and Rome by



  1. The patronage of both civic groups and the Church

  2. Artistic guilds

  3. The Medicis

  4. The popolo

  5. Foreign financiers

76. Sculpture in the Southern Renaissance differed dfrom sculpture of the Middle Ages in that it featured



  1. Free standing forms rather than bas-relief

  2. Nude figures

  3. The human form portrayed more realisitically

  4. Pietas-sculptures of Mary holding the body of a crucified Christ

  5. All of the above

77.Renaissance artists viewed the medieval past with



  1. The same reverence that they held for the classical period

  2. Tremendous respect for their achievements, though they did not view them as equal to the ancients

  3. No clear sense that their own age was distinct from the medieval period

  4. Disdain for what they perceived to be its backwardness

  5. Great interest because it served to inspire their own works of art

78.New to art in the Renaissance was



  1. painting in oils

  2. use of perspective

  3. freestanding sculpture

  4. more realistic depiction

  5. all of the above

79.Renaissance artist viewed the medieval past with



  1. the same reverence that they held for the classical past

  2. tremendous respect for their achievements, though they did not view them as equal to the ancients

  3. no clear sense that their own age was distinct from the medieval period

  4. disdain for what they perceived to be its backwardness

  5. great interest because it served to inspire their own works of art

80.All of the following are characteristics of Renaissance art EXCEPT NO KEY



  1. the use of oil paints

  2. the emphasis on naturalism

  3. the desire to create three-dimensional images

  4. secular portraiture

  5. hierarchical scaling

81.Who is considered the “father of Renaissance painting?



  1. Da Vinci

  2. Michelangelo

  3. Raphael

  4. Giotto

  5. Donatello

82.Based on his work Lives of Artists Vasari is considered the first



  1. humanist scholar to be interested in art

  2. art historian

  3. to be concerned with the question of aesthetics

  4. to question the seriousness of contemporary artists

  5. art collector

83.In his writing, Machiavelli most admired the



  1. Medici of Florence

  2. Leaders of the Church

  3. Italian merchant class

  4. New monarchies of the north

  5. Holy Roman Empire

84.Machiavelli’s The Prince represented an attempt to find ways to

  1. Blend medieval and Renaissance scholarship

  2. Convince the French to intercede in Italian affairs on behalf of his native Florence

  3. Show how the rule princes was clearly inferior to republican forms of government

  4. Unify the entire Italian peninsula under a powerful leader

85.Show how a Christian prince can use religious precepts as a moral guide

Which of the following is NOT true of Machiavelli? NO KEY



  1. He did not believe that the Italian political unity and independence were ends that justified any means

  2. He held republican ideals

  3. He wanted to drive out all foreign armies from Italy

  4. He was a humanist

  5. He scolded the Italian people for the self-destruction their internal feuding had caused

“A prince should have only one end and one idea in mind, take only one subject for study, and it is war, its science and discipline; for it is the only science that deals with the ruler’s problems. . . . [Success in war] not only maintains those born to princedoms but often causes men of private origin to rise to that rank. .. . The first cause of losing power is the neglect of this art; the cause of winning power lies in its mastery.”


86.In writing the passage above, Machiavelli drew on his observations of
(A) feudal warfare in medieval Europe

(B) warfare among the Italian city-states

(C) sixteenth-century religious wars

(D) warfare among the European colonial powers

(E) warfare during the Crusades


87.Machiavelli’s The Prince offered which of the following pieces of advice?



  1. Know your enemy and know yourself and you cannot be defeated

  2. Behave like a weasel and a bear to be smart and ferocious

  3. All a strong minister to help you run your nation

  4. Do not conquer your enemies to harshly

  5. Be loved or feared, but never hated

88.In his writing, Machiavelli most admired the



  1. Medici of Florence

  2. Leaders of the Church

  3. Italian merchant class

  4. New monarchies of the north

  5. Holy Roman Empire

89.Machiavelli’s The Prince represented an attempt to find ways to

  1. blend medieval and Renaissance scholarship

  2. convince the French to intercede in Italian affairs on behalf of his native Florence

c. show how the rule of princes was clearly inferior to republican forms of government

d. unify the entire Italian peninsula under a powerful ruler

e. show how a Christian prince can use religious precepts as a moral guide


90. Which idea about leadership would Niccolo Machiavelli most likely support?

  1. leaders should do whatever is necessary to achieve their goals

  2. leaders should fight against discrimination and intolerance

  3. leaders should listen to the desires of the people

  4. elected leaders should be fair and good

91.With the growing cost of warfare in the 15th and 16th centuries, monarchs needed new national sources of income and created them by taxing all of the following EXCEPT NO KEY

  1. The feudal lords

  2. The peasants

  3. Basic food and clothing

  4. Trade

  5. The nobility

92. King Louis XI did all of the following EXCEPT

  1. Establish a lucrative silk industry

  2. Conquer Burgandy

  3. Expand trade and industry

  4. Create a national postal system

  5. Ravage the nobility

93.Who protested the marriage of Isabella of Castille and Ferdinand of Aragon



  1. France and Portugal

  2. Portugal and Italy

  3. Catalan and Navarre

  4. England and France

  5. Spain and Italy

94.Ferdinand and Isabella were able to do all of the following EXCEPT

  1. Venture abroad militarily

  2. Subdue their realms

  3. Secure their borders

  4. Conquer southern France

  5. Christianize the whole of Spain

95.In France, England, and Spain the Renaissance was centered in



  1. the great independent city-states

  2. the royal courts

  3. small independent religious communites

  4. the great universities

  5. all of the above

96.15th century attempts to centralize and consolidate power were most successful in

  1. France

  2. England

  3. Italy

  4. Spain

  5. Germany

97.The social group that most often supported the centralizing efforts of the “new monarchs” was the

  1. Peasantry

  2. Nobility

  3. Bourgeoisie

  4. Urban workers

  5. Clergy

98. A new alliance between monarchs and this group helped break the bonds of feudal society NO KEY



  1. Nobles

  2. Clergy

  3. Peasants

  4. Townspeople

  5. Gentry

99.The Catholic Church banned the work of which of the following humanist writers?



  1. Sir Thomas More

  2. Ulrich von Hutton

  3. Erasmus

  4. Rabelais

  5. Petrarch

100.The Catholic Church banned the work of which of the following humanist writers

  1. Sir Thomas More

  2. Ulrich von Hutton

  3. Erasmus

  4. Rabelais

e.Petrarch

101. In the 14th and 15th centuries, mystics, such as Meister Eckhart, Thomas a Kempis, and the founder of Brothers of the Common Faith, Gerard Groote



  1. Preached rebellion against the papacy

  2. Stressed the importance of the sacraments

  3. Land the foundations for Protestantism’s personal approach to worship

  4. Argue the necessity of adhering to dogma

  5. Had a universal and popular appeal







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