The crop that became the staple of life in Mexico and South America was A) wheat. B) potatoes. C) tobacco. D) corn. E) beans.
The ideals that the colonists cherished as synonymous with American life included reverence for all of the following except A) individual liberty. B) self-government. C) opposition to slavery. D) religious tolerance. E) economic opportunity.
The Iroquois Confederacy was able to menace its Native American and European neighbors because of A) its military alliance, sustained by political and organizational skills. B) the Iroquois warriors' skill with the Europeans' muskets. C) the scattered nature of the Iroquois settlements, which made it difficult for their enemies to defeat them. D) the alliance with the Aztecs and Incas. E) its use of new weapons.
Europeans wanted to discover a new, shorter route to eastern Asia in order to A) break the hold that Muslim merchants had on trade with Asia. B) reduce the price of goods from Asia. C) gain more profits for themselves. D) reduce the time it took to transport goods. E) all of the above.
The stage was set for a cataclysmic shift in the course of history when A) Europeans clamored for more and cheaper products from Asia. B) Africa was established as a source of slave labor. C) the Portuguese demonstrated the feasibility of long range ocean navigation. D) the Renaissance nurtured a spirit of optimism and adventure. E) all of the above.
Columbus called the native people in the “New World” Indians because A) that was what they called themselves. B) he believed that he had skirted the rim of the “Indies.” C) it was a form of the Spanish word for heathen. D) the Vikings had first called them by that name. E) all of the above.
The introduction of American plants around the world resulted in A) rapid population growth in Europe. B) many illnesses, caused by the new germs contained in these food-stuffs. C) an African population decline. D) very little change. E) an increase in obese people.
The institution of encomienda allowed the A) native people to enslave members of other tribes. B) Europeans to marry Native Americans. C) European governments to give Indians to colonists if they promised to Christianize them. D) governments of Europe to abolish the practice of Indian slavery and to establish African slavery. E) Europeans to establish an economy based on capitalism.
In which of the following is the explorer mismatched with the area he explored? A) Coronado—New Mexico and Arizona B) Ponce de León—Mississippi River Valley C) Cortés—Mexico D) Pizarro—Peru E) Columbus—Caribbean islands
Men became conquistadores because they wanted to A) gain God's favor by spreading Christianity. B) escape dubious pasts. C) seek adventure, as the heroes of classical antiquity had done. D) satisfy their desire for gold. E) all of the above.
All of the following provided motives for English colonization except A) unemployment. B) thirst for adventure. C) desire for markets. D) desire for religious freedom. E) need for a place to exploit slave labor.
Captain John Smith's role at Jamestown can best be described as A) very limited. B) saving the colony from collapse. C) persuading the colonists to continue their hunt for gold. D) worsening the colonists' relationship with the Indians. E) reducing the terrible death toll.
The cultivation of tobacco in Jamestown resulted in all of the following except A) the destruction of the soil. B) a great demand for controlled labor. C) soaring prosperity in the colony. D) diversification of the colony's economy. E) the broad-acred plantation system.
In 1649 Maryland's Act of Toleration A) was issued by Lord Baltimore. B) abolished the death penalty. C) gave freedom only to Catholics. D) protected Jews and atheists. E) guaranteed toleration to all Christians.
The “headright” system, which made some people very wealthy, consisted of A) using Indians as forced labor. B) giving land to indentured servants to get them to come to the New World. C) giving the right to acquire fifty acres of land to the person paying the passage of a laborer to America. D) discouraging the importation of indentured servants to America. E) giving a father's wealth to the oldest son.
English yeomen who agreed to exchange their labor temporarily in return for payment of their passage to an American colony were called A) headrights. B) burgesses. C) indentured servants. D) slaves. E) birds of passage.
Bacon's Rebellion was supported mainly by A) young men frustrated by their inability to acquire land. B) the planter class of Virginia. C) those protesting the increased importation of African slaves. D) people from Jamestown only. E) the local Indians.
After 1680, reliance on slave labor in colonial America rapidly increased because A) higher wages in England reduced the number of emigrating servants. B) planters feared the growing number of landless freemen in the colonies. C) the British Royal African company lost its monopoly on the slave trade in colonial America. D) Americans rushed to cash in on slave trade. E) all of the above.
All of the following were consequences of the Half-Way Covenant except A) it weakened the distinction between the “elect” and others. B) it maintained the original agreement of the covenant. C) it conferred partial membership rights in the once-exclusive congregations. D) it increased the numbers of church membership. E) women became the majority in the Puritan congregations.
The English justified taking land from the native inhabitants on the grounds that the Indians A) were not Christians. B) wasted the earth. C) burned woodlands. D) refused to sell it. E) all of the above.
Arrange the following events in chronological order: the founding of (A) Georgia, (B) the Carolinas, (C) Virginia, (D) Maryland. A) A, C, B, D B) B, D, C, A C) C, D, B, A D) D, C, B, A E) C, B, A, D
One of the traits that made Quakers unpopular in England was A) their refusal to do military service. B) the high pay given their clergy. C) their support of slavery. D) their violent treatment of their enemies. E) their refusal to hold public office.
England's defeat of the Spanish Armada A) led to a Franco-Spanish alliance that prevented England from establishing its own American colonies. B) allowed England to take control of Spain's American colonies. C) demonstrated that Spanish Catholicism was inferior to English Protestantism. D) helped to ensure England's naval dominance in the North Atlantic. E) occurred despite weather conditions which favored Spain.
The New England economy depended heavily on A) slave labor. B) the production of many staple crops. C) fishing, shipbuilding, and commerce. D) tobacco. E) all of the above.
Most immigrants to the Chesapeake colonies in the seventeenth century came as A) indentured servants. B) slaves from Africa. C) yeomen farmers. D) urban artisans. E) refugees from civil war in Europe.
The Salem witchcraft trials were A) a result of Roger Williams's activities. B) the result of unsettled social and religious conditions in rapidly evolving Massachusetts. C) caused by ergot in the Puritans' bread. D) unique to the English colonies. E) accusations made by the daughters of business owners.
Georgia's founders were determined to A) conquer Florida and add it to Britain's empire. B) create a haven for people imprisoned for debt. C) keep Georgia for Catholics. D) restrict the colony to British citizens. E) establish slavery.
Unlike Separatists, the Puritans A) advocated strict separation of church and state. B) practiced passive resistance to oppression. C) remained members of the Church of England. D) were Calvinists. E) rejected belief in witchcraft.
Puritan religious beliefs allowed all of the following except A) drinking alcohol. B) eating plentifully. C) challenging religious authority. D) making love discreetly. E) singing songs.
As the founder of Rhode Island, Roger Williams A) established religious freedom for all but Jews and Catholics. B) supported some types of special privileges. C) established complete religious freedom for all. D) demanded attendance at worship. E) became a very wealthy man.
King Philip's War resulted in A) the lasting defeat of New England's Indians. B) France's moving into Canada. C) the formation of a powerful alliance among the Indians to resist the English. D) the last victory for the Indians. E) none of the above.
Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) restoration of Charles II to the English throne, (B) English Civil War, (C) Glorious Revolution, (D) Protestant Reformation. A) D, B, A, C B) C, A, B, D C) D, C, B, A D) B, C, A, D E) A, B, C, D
Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) great Puritan migration, (B) founding of Plymouth Colony, (C) Protestant Reformation, (D) founding of Rhode Island. A) A, B, D, C B) C, B, A, D C) C, A, B, D D) B, D, A, C E) D, A, C, B
Arrange the following in chronological order: the founding of (A) New York, (B) Massachusetts Bay, (C) Pennsylvania, (D) Plymouth. A) C, B, A, D B) B, D, C, A C) A, C, D, B D) D, B, A, C E) A, C, B, D