Change over time: russia



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CHANGE OVER TIME: RUSSIA

During the years 1900 and 1940 Russia was an epicenter of changes with few continuities, such as remaining politically monotonous with an autocracy but changed economically with the loss of funds during their time in World War One and the effects of the five year plan,and socially with the decreasing populations beacuse of Stalins' Great Purge and emigration.

Though the most powerful country at this time was a democracy, Russia, on the other hand sought to be a powerful autocracy. After Tsar Nicholas the second was convinced to abdicate his throne in 1917 Russian monarchy ceased to exist. This was important because though it did change it also stayed the same;For after the Tsars and monarchy faded it led to dictators being able to take control of Russia, the first being Vladimir Lenin. He tried to do great things for Russia such as the November Revolution and the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk putting an end to Russias involvement in the Great War. Following Lenin came Joseph Stalin. He as a dictator wanted all the power in the world for himself but despite his down falls he also tried to fix Russias economic problems with the five-year plan,he also changed the name from Russia to the Soviet Union which was continuous until the late 1900s.This was significant because it gave hope to the people that their dictatorship would work for the best and so it continued throughout the 1900s. Though people did not understand the need for an autocratic government Russia tried to use it to their advantage and were to some extent successful.

Eventhough Russia was never a super strong economic reservoir,the funds it did have were strained during the first world war. This is a substantial change because it made Russias economy very weak throughout the 1900s. As a result dictator Joseph Stalin implemented the Five-Year Plan between 1928 and 1933 this was designed to achieve his goal at a rapid industrialization of Russia and in many respects he was successful. A strong sense of nationalism fueled this movement.The soviets believed that their system,The Soviet System,was the best and this made people more eager to help solve their economic crisis by industrializing. Another result of Stalins five year plan was the scarcity of consumer goods,because he made it imperative to build a heavy industry first and consumer industries later. This meant that people would not reaped the benefits of industrialization until much later.Though their economy was prospering the soviet people were not.



Russians were tired of being under the control of one man. Therefore more and more people began emigrating to North America and Western Europe. While their economy began to flourish living conditions in Russia worsened. With little to none consumer goods people began to seek other ways of getting what they needed and one way was to leave. Though some were fortunate and got out before the insanity of the Great Purge. Stalin being a crazy,power hungry man began to slaughter and put into labor camps anyone who he believed opposed his decisions. The first to experience this inhumanity was the Congress of Victors who openly opposed the dictator. By 1939 eight million soviet citizens were in labor camps often facing execution,torture and long term suffering. Just by the sheer amount of people being killed in these camps the Russian population began to decrease and by the end of his so-called "cleansing" three million soviets had lost their lives. This is a drastic change because of how huge the Russian kingdom was and with people leaving and getting killed it made it seem much smaller. It's significant because no other country had seen this happen before. The outside world watched as the events unfolded but did nothing to stop it,perhaps this is what made them think twice in later years when it happened again with Hitler.

Between 1900 and 1940 Russia was an everchanging territory with little continuous events such as being the same politically with being under the control of one man, but changed economically with the Five-Year Plan and socially with the loss of people during the Great Purge.


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