Ch. 21-22 Test Prep



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Name: __________________________ Date: _____________

APUSH II period ____ Mrs. Hornstein



Ch. 21-22 Test Prep



1.

Hawaii's primary export commodity in the nineteenth century, in which American interests were deeply invested, was __________.



2.

In 1867 the United States purchased ____________ from Imperial Russia for 7.2 million dollars.



3.

In the Samoan Islands, the U.S., after some jostling with __________ and __________, created a protectorate in 1889 with a base in Pago Pago harbor.



4.

Two American businesses that established themselves as household brands internationally in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries included __________ Oil and __________ Sewing Machine.



5.

In the Sino-Japanese War of 1894–1895, Japan was successful against __________ in its claims to territory in __________.



6.

Grover Cleveland's secretary of state, Richard Olney, was the chief American negotiator in the 1895 border crisis between __________ and __________.



7.

Historian __________'s influential essay “The Significance of the Frontier in American History” suggested a connection between the closing of the frontier and overseas expansion.



8.

The superpatriotism that was stirred by Cuba's efforts to gain independence was known as __________.



9.

Newspaperman __________ stirred up anti-Spanish feeling in the United States in February 1898 by publishing a private letter by the Spanish minister Depuy de Lôme calling President __________ “weak” and “a bidder for the admiration of the crowd.”



10.

The sinking of the __________ in Havana harbor in February 1898 sparked American war fever.



11.

Theodore Roosevelt served as a lieutenant colonel in the volunteer cavalry regiment known as the __________.



12.

Commodore __________ commanded the Pacific fleet that won the decisive battle against Spain.



13.

The fervent patriot leader of the Filipino insurrection, first against the Spanish and then against the Americans, was __________.



14.

“__________ and carry a big stick” was Theodore Roosevelt's turn-of-the-century slogan.



15.

Before an American-supported revolution created a nominally independent Panama that agreed to allow the United States to build an interoceanic canal across its territory, Panama was part of __________.



16.

As a condition for gaining independence after the withdrawal of American occupation troops in 1902, Cuba was required to include in its constitution a proviso, the __________, which gave the United States the right to intervene if Cuban independence was threatened or if Cuba failed to maintain internal order.



17.

Citing the Roosevelt __________, the United States took over the customs and debt management of __________ in 1905.



18.

Commercial interest dominated American policy in East Asia, especially the prospect of the huge market in __________.



19.

In 1900, the United States joined other Great Powers in sending troops to Peking (Beijing) to suppress a rebellion of Chinese nationalists known as __________.



20.

In 1905, President Theodore Roosevelt mediated a treaty ending a war between __________ and __________.



21.

American battleships visited __________ in 1908 on a global tour to demonstrate U.S. power.



22.

Because President Taft wanted to counterbalance Japanese expansion in Asia, he supported Chinese __________ who overthrew the ruling __________ dynasty.



23.

President __________ sought to expand human rights, national integrity, and opportunity in Latin America.



24.

American troops occupied the major Mexican port of __________ in April 1914.



25.

Woodrow Wilson's secretary of state, __________, had built an international reputation as an advocate of __________ and tried to promote international arbitration through a series of treaties before the outbreak of World War I.

Use the following to answer questions 26-30:


The American Empire, 1917

Choose the letter on the map that correctly identifies each of the following.






26.

The Philippine Islands



27.

The Hawaiian Islands



28.

Guantanamo Naval Base



29.

Puerto Rico



30.

Panama Canal Zone



31.

What is the relationship between America's economic interests abroad and the expansionist impulse of the late nineteenth century?



32.

Describe Alfred T. Mahan's impact on American strategic thinking in the late nineteenth century.



33.

What were the intellectual currents that encouraged Americans to believe that their country should be an imperial power?



34.

Why should a rebellion in Cuba—after all, an internal affair of Spain's—have become a cause for war with the United States?



35.

If America's quarrel with Spain was over Cuba, why was the most important engagement of the Spanish-American War Dewey's naval victory in the Philippines?



36.

If, as Americans repeatedly said, they had fought Spain to help the Cuban people gain independence, how did the United States find itself fighting the Filipino people for just the opposite reason, that is, to prevent them from having independence?



37.

What did Roosevelt mean when he said the United States had to be the “policeman” of the Caribbean?



38.

Why did the United States find it so much more difficult to work its will in the Far East than in the Caribbean?



39.

Woodrow Wilson believed the United States should be true to its democratic principles in dealing with Latin America. How would you rate Wilson's approach when he applied it to the Mexican Revolution?



40.

How did World War I change America—both its standing in the world and at home? Why is the war important enough for the authors of this textbook to give it a full chapter?



41.

Is it fair to say that progressivism shaped America's involvement in World War I—why the United States entered the war, how the nation fought, and Wilson's plan for peace? Why or why not?



42.

In what ways did World War I contribute to the growth of the American state?

Line length does not indicate the answer's length; some answers may contain more than one word.





43.

The assassination of __________, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, in June of 1914 touched off World War I.



44.

During World War I, new weapons such as the __________ gun gave a tremendous advantage to troops in a defensive position.



45.

Between February and December 1916, the French suffered 550,000 casualties and the Germans 450,000, as German troops tried to break through the French lines at __________.



46.

Many Irish Americans initially opposed America's entry into World War I because of Britain's cancellation of Irish __________ in 1914.



47.

After the outbreak of World War I, a(n) __________ by the British prevented American ships from trading with Germany.



48.

In 1915, the Germans challenged Britain's naval power by launching a devastating new weapon: the __________.



49.

Running on the slogan “He kept us out of war,” Woodrow Wilson was narrowly reelected to the presidency over Republican candidate __________ in 1916.



50.

The Zimmermann telegram was taken seriously because of lingering instability in __________.



51.

The first woman elected to Congress, __________ of Montana, voted against entry of the United States into World War I.



52.

In mid-September 1918, American and French troops led by __________ forced the Germans to retreat at St. Mihiel; in late September, over a million American soldiers made the main U.S. contribution to the final allied offensive in the __________ campaign.



53.

The best-known American flying ace from World War I was __________, a former professional racecar driver.



54.

In 1919, returning World War I veterans formed the __________ “to preserve the memories and incidents of our association in the great war”; it became a leading pressure group in American politics.



55.

The U.S. government raised billions of dollars by appeals to the public for loans, especially the popular __________ Loans.



56.

The Wall Street financier __________ became the director of the War Industries Board in March 1918.



57.

During World War I, the __________, led by Herbert Hoover, sent women volunteers door to door to ask housewives to cooperate voluntarily to conserve commodities such as wheat and meat.



58.

During World War I, __________, the head of the militantly confrontational suffragist group called the __________, was sent to prison and endured forced feeding while on a hunger strike.



59.

The passage of the __________ Amendment to the Constitution in 1920 extended the right to vote to American women.



60.

In December 1917, Congress passed the Eighteenth Amendment, which, when ratified by the states in 1919, imposed __________ nationwide.



61.

The __________, the Wilson administration's propaganda agency, was headed by the journalist George Creel.



62.

During the anti-German hysteria of World War I, sauerkraut was patriotically renamed “__________.”



63.

Freedom of speech was severely curtailed by the __________ of 1917 and the __________ of 1918.



64.

According to the Supreme Court's decision in Schenck v. United States (1919), freedom of speech guaranteed by the First Amendment did not extend to words that constituted a “__________ to the safety of the country.”



65.

The keystone of Wilson's postwar plans was a permanent multinational organization dubbed the __________, which would mediate disputes among countries and curb aggression through collective military action.



66.

The frustration of blacks' higher expectations following the war and white resentment of black incursions into politics and the job market led to five days of race rioting in __________ in July 1919.



67.

The U.S. attorney general ordered the arrest of 6,000 radicals in January 1920 in the so-called __________.

Use the following to answer questions 68-71:


U.S. Participation on the Western Front, 1918

Choose the letter on the map that correctly identifies each of the following.






68.

Rhine River



69.

neutral nation at the source of the Rhine River



70.

London



71.

Paris



72.

What were the causes of World War I? Why is the conflict considered a “world” war?



73.

Why did America become involved in the war? How did President Wilson justify his decision to enter the war in 1917? How did Americans respond?



74.

How did the fighting in Europe differ from previous wars? What was the experience like for soldiers on the front lines?



75.

How did the nation mobilize its industrial base and manpower to fight World War I? What were the main challenges?



76.

What was the impact of World War I on racial and ethnic minorities? On women?



77.

In what ways did the government limit civil liberties during the war, and with what justification?



78.

Describe the peace conference at Versailles. What nations attended? What nations did not? Who became the primary decision makers?



79.

What was President Wilson's vision of the postwar world, and how specifically did he propose to achieve it? How did other participants at the peace conference react to Wilson's ideas?



80.

What were the main components of the final treaty, and how do you explain the refusal of the United States to ratify it?



Answer Key


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