Central America and the Caribbean Islands Test Name Matching



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Central America and the Caribbean Islands Test

Name________________________________________

Matching

Match each item with the correct statement below.

a.

Belize

f.

canopy

b.

Central America

g.

literacy rate

c.

Spanish

h.

Cuba

d.

Central Highlands

i.

reggae

e.

English

j.

Carnival

____ 1. largest island in the Caribbean

____ 2. major celebration before Lent

____ 3. shades the floor of the rain forest

____ 4. music that combines African rhythms and American popular music

____ 5. Costa Rica has one of the highest in Latin America

____ 6. official language of most of Central America

____ 7. official language of Belize

____ 8. last Central American country to gain independence

____ 9. causes transportation and communication problems

____ 10. connects North and South America

Match each item with the correct statement below.

a.

Haiti

f.

communist state

b.

plantations

g.

cooperative

c.

Panama Canal

h.

West Indies

d.

Bahamas

i.

Caribbean Sea

e.

free trade zone

j.

hurricanes

____ 11. another name for Caribbean islands

____ 12. body of water on Central America’s east coast

____ 13. group of nearly 700 islands east of Florida

____ 14. storms with winds over 74 miles per hour

____ 15. large commercial farms that grow crops for sale

____ 16. many Dominicans sell goods here

____ 17. occupies the western side of Hispaniola

____ 18. water passageway connecting the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans

____ 19. type of farm found in Cuba

____ 20. strong government control of the society and the economy

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 21. The Central American country with the smallest population is ____.



a.

Belize

c.

Panama

b.

Guatemala

d.

Honduras

____ 22.



The canal shown on the map is located in

a.

Costa Rica.

c.

Panama.

b.

Honduras.

d.

El Salvador.

____ 23. Many of the Caribbean islands were once ruled by Europeans as ____.



a.

commonwealths

c.

plantations

b.

colonies

d.

cooperatives

____ 24. Costa Rica uses its rain forests to attract ____.



a.

Mayans

c.

ecotourists

b.

Republicans

d.

lumber companies

____ 25. Temperatures in the Caribbean islands often remain pleasant because of the ____.



a.

winds blowing from the sea

c.

elevation

b.

abundant rainfall

d.

tides

____ 26. The first permanent European settlement in the Western Hemisphere is now the city of ____.



a.

San Juan

c.

Havana

b.

Santo Domingo

d.

Port-au-Prince

____ 27. The smaller islands of the southern Caribbean are part of the ____.



a.

Lesser Antilles

c.

Greater Antilles

b.

Caribbean Lowlands

d.

Bahamas

____ 28. A musical instrument developed in Trinidad and Tobago is the ____.



a.

steel drum

c.

mariachi

b.

bauxite

d.

calypso

____ 29. The Central American country with one of the highest standards of living in Latin America is ____.



a.

Guatemala

c.

Panama

b.

Cost Rica

d.

El Salvador

____ 30. In Haiti the ancestry of about 95 percent of the population is ____.



a.

Native American

c.

African

b.

Asian

d.

Spanish


____ 31. According to the map, which of the following is the most densely populated?



a.

Belize

c.

Panama

b.

Cuba

d.

Haiti

____ 32. According to the map, which of the following is the least densely populated?



a.

Belize

c.

Puerto Rico

b.

Jamaica

d.

Costa Rica

____ 33. What is the population density of Puerto Rico?



a.

2-60 people per square mile

c.

125-250 people per square mile

b.

60-125 people per square mile

d.

Over 250 people per square mile

____ 34. Based on the map, what inference can you make about the location of the capital city of the Dominican Republic?



a.

It is located on the border of Haiti.

b.

It is located on the north side of the island.

c.

It is located on the southeast coast of the island.

d.

It is located along the west coast of the island.


____ 35. According to this map, which of the following is NOT a resource of Cuba?



a.

gold

c.

fish

b.

nickel

d.

petroleum

____ 36. According to the map, Honduras has all of the following resources EXCEPT _____.



a.

silver

c.

forests

b.

iron ore

d.

nickel

____ 37. Which of the following countries has bauxite as a resource?



a.

Cuba

c.

Belize

b.

Jamaica

d.

Bahamas

____ 38. What is a common resource in all of the Central American countries?



a.

silver

c.

fish

b.

gold

d.

forests

____ 39. Which of the following resources does Puerto Rico claim?



a.

fish and petroleum

c.

nickel and gold

b.

fish and forests

d.

fish and nickel


____ 40. What is the highest elevation on this profile?



a.

Pico Turquino

c.

Gran Piedra

b.

Pico la Bayamese

d.

Pico el Gato

____ 41. Which of the following is NOT located at sea level?



a.

Niquero

c.

Loma Al Jobo

b.

Guantánamo

d.

Payita de Cajobabo

____ 42. Along which parallel was this cross section taken?



a.

Sea level

c.

the Tropic of Capricorn

b.

almost 7,000 feet

d.

20°N latitude

____ 43. At what elevation is Gran Piedra?



a.

almost 7,000 feet

c.

914 meters

b.

4,000 feet

d.

Sea level


____ 44. What does the letter “B” signify on this map?



a.

Honduras

c.

Guatemala

b.

Nicaragua

d.

El Salvador

____ 45. What is the letter “G” pointing to on this map?



a.

Bahamas

c.

Puerto Rico

b.

Jamaica

d.

Cayman Islands

____ 46. Which letter is located on Costa Rica?



a.

A

c.

C

b.

B

d.

D

____ 47. What does the letter “H” signify on the map?



a.

Atlantic Ocean

c.

Gulf of Mexico

b.

Caribbean Sea

d.

Lesser Antilles

____ 48. The letter “F” is located on _____.



a.

the Bahamas

c.

Jamaica

b.

Haiti

d.

Cuba


____ 49. Most of the Caribbean islands lie south of the _____.



a.

Equator

c.

Tropic of Capricorn

b.

Tropic of Cancer

d.

10°N line of latitude

____ 50. Which of the following is NOT part of the Greater Antilles?



a.

Puerto Rico

c.

Jamaica

b.

Cuba

d.

Barbados

____ 51. _____ is the largest and most populated island in the Caribbean.



a.

Haiti

c.

Cuba

b.

Dominican Republic

d.

Bahamas

____ 52. Haiti shares the island of _____ with the Dominican Republic.



a.

Hispaniola

c.

Bahamas

b.

Cuba

d.

Puerto Rico

____ 53. Tegucigalpa is the capital of _____.



a.

Belize

c.

Honduras

b.

Saint Kitts and Nevis

d.

Barbados


____ 54. Which country has the highest literacy rate in Central America?



a.

Belize

c.

Panama

b.

Costa Rica

d.

Honduras

____ 55. Which country has the lowest literacy rate in Central America?



a.

Nicaragua

c.

El Salvador

b.

Guatemala

d.

Honduras

____ 56. What percentage of the people can read and write in Panama?



a.

76 percent

c.

93 percent

b.

80 percent

d.

94 percent


____ 57. Which country has the lowest age eligibility to vote?



a.

Barbados

c.

Haiti

b.

Cuba

d.

Dominican Republic

____ 58. In which country are police officers NOT allowed to vote?



a.

Dominican Republic

c.

Cuba

b.

Barbados

d.

Haiti

____ 59. Which country requires citizens to vote?



a.

Haiti

c.

Barbados

b.

Cuba

d.

Dominican Republic




Cuban cuisine mixes Spanish and African influences, while using local produce. Popular dishes are “Moros y Cristianos” (Moors and Christians; black beans and rice), “arroz con pollo” (chicken and rice), and “picadillo” (minced beef and rice). There are food shortages in Cuba, though, and eating out can mean long waits at state-run restaurants or hotel dining rooms.

____ 60. What would you be eating if you ordered “Moros y Cristianos” in Cuba?



a.

black beans and rice

c.

minced beef and rice

b.

Moors and Muslims

d.

Moors and chicken

____ 61. What should you order if you are interested in eating chicken and rice in Cuba?



a.

picadillo

c.

arroz con pollo

b.

Moros y Cristianos

d.

pimienta cayena

____ 62. From this paragraph, what can you infer is a basic part of the peoples’ diet in Cuba?



a.

rice

c.

chicken

b.

steak

d.

potatoes

____ 63. What has influenced the foods of Cuba?



a.

Moors and Christians

c.

the United States and France

b.

Portugal and Brazil

d.

Spain and Africa




“More than any other Caribbean island, Trinidad is a multiethnic stew. Africans and East Indians, each with about 40 percent of the population, make up the base, while smaller groups add their own flavor. Spanish and French families trace their roots to the 18th century, when their ancestors came to clear the land for plantations or to trade. . . . Portuguese, Chinese, and Syrian immigrants became merchants and shopkeepers. Today Trinidadians compare the resulting mix to callaloo, a soup with many ingredients.”

National Geographic

____ 64. What percentage of Trinidad’s people are African and East Indian?



a.

20 percent

c.

60 percent

b.

40 percent

d.

80 percent

____ 65. Whose ancestors came to Trinidad to clear the land for plantations?



a.

the Spanish

c.

the Syrians

b.

the Chinese

d.

the Portuguese

____ 66. How far back in history do the Spanish and French people of Trinidad trace their roots?



a.

the 1600s

c.

the 1800s

b.

the 1700s

d.

the 1900s

____ 67. Which of the following ethnic groups did NOT immigrate to Trinidad to become merchants and shopkeepers?



a.

Portuguese

c.

Syrians

b.

Chinese

d.

Africans




Nearly 75,000 laborers from around the world built the Panama Canal, which is still regarded as one of the engineering wonders of the world. Instead of trying to make a cut through the rugged hills to carry ships across at sea level, the American solution was to build a system of locks to lift ships up to a newly created lake, and in the same way, lower them down the other side. The volcanic soil, heat and rain, dense vegetation, and disease-spreading insects made progress painfully slow. Thousands of workers lost their lives, and costs grew to more than $380 million.

____ 68. From the reading, which of the following statements is true?



a.

The Panama Canal is regarded as an engineering wonder of the world.

b.

Nearly 175,000 laborers died building the canal.

c.

The Panama Canal runs through Nicaragua.

d.

The water in the Panama Canal is sea level.

____ 69. Which of the following was NOT a problem during the construction of the Panama Canal?



a.

volcanic soil

c.

disease-spreading insects

b.

dense vegetation

d.

freezing rain

____ 70. Which of the following statements about the construction of the Panama Canal is FALSE?



a.

The cost of the canal was more than $380 million.

b.

A new lake was built in Panama.

c.

Only workers from Panama were hired to build it.

d.

Thousands of workers lost their lives.




“Lost and forgotten, the city lay wrapped in greenery, smothered by the forest it had once commanded. Its palaces and temples were overhung by mahogany and ceiba trees . . . . Tropical rains lashed at the crumbling surfaces of stone and stucco; roots pried apart great structures that had been raised by armies of workers. . . . The [carvings] of gods stared out into the steamy jungle . . . . This was the place called Copán, sited along a river in the wilds of western Honduras.”

The Magnificent Maya

____ 71. Which civilization is this paragraph describing?



a.

the Olmec

c.

the Maya

b.

the Aztec

d.

the Inca

____ 72. Where is Copán located?



a.

Nicaragua

c.

Belize

b.

Honduras

d.

Guatemala

____ 73. Based on the reading, which of the following statements is FALSE?



a.

Copán was built by many workers.

b.

Artists carved sculptures in stone.

c.

Copán had once been a great urban center.

d.

The Maya at Copán worshiped one god.




In 1998 Hurricane Mitch brought destruction to large portions of Central America. More than 10,000 people were killed. Honduras was the hardest hit by the storm. Massive flooding caused mudslides that destroyed entire villages. More than 70 percent of the country’s crops were destroyed. The effects of the hurricane will be felt for at least a generation. Many orphaned children will grow up without a family or home as a result of Hurricane Mitch.

____ 74. How did Hurricane Mitch affect Honduras?



a.

It destroyed entire villages.

b.

It destroyed 70 percent of the country’s crops.

c.

It killed thousands of people.

d.

All of the above.

____ 75. When did Hurricane Mitch strike Central America?



a.

1990

c.

1998

b.

1992

d.

2002


Completion

Complete each statement.

76. The group of four large islands in the Caribbean Sea is called the ____________________.

77. The islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe are still not independent and have ties to ____________________.

78. Much of the Central Highlands’ fertile soil came from ____________________.

79. Many Caribbean islands have a farm economy based on only one ____________________.

80. In Central America, rapid clearing is a growing threat to the ____________________.

81. The early Native American people who lived in Central America were the ____________________.

82. The country described in the chart is ____________________.



Country




Colonized by:

Spain

Economy:

grows flowers and ornamental plants for export; exports crude oil

Problems:

rebel movements, 1960 to 1996

83. The most industrialized island in the Caribbean is ____________________.

84. Since 1952 Puerto Rico has been a ____________________ under U.S. protection.

85. The dictator of Cuba is ____________________.



Short Answer

86.




Based on the map, describe the population density of Guatemala.


87.




Based on the graph, which country in Central America do you think has the highest standard of living? Explain your answer.




Cuban cuisine mixes Spanish and African influences, while using local produce. Popular dishes are “Moros y Cristianos” (Moors and Christians; black beans and rice), “arroz con pollo” (chicken and rice), and “picadillo” (minced beef and rice). There are food shortages in Cuba, though, and eating out can mean long waits at state-run restaurants or hotel dining rooms.

88.




After reading the paragraph, summarize why dining out in Cuba means a long wait.




“More than any other Caribbean island, Trinidad is a multiethnic stew. Africans and East Indians, each with about 40 percent of the population, make up the base, while smaller groups add their own flavor. Spanish and French families trace their roots to the 18th century, when their ancestors came to clear the land for plantations or to trade. . . . Portuguese, Chinese, and Syrian immigrants became merchants and shopkeepers. Today Trinidadians compare the resulting mix to callaloo, a soup with many ingredients.”

National Geographic

89.




In your own words, summarize the main idea of this paragraph.




“Lost and forgotten, the city lay wrapped in greenery, smothered by the forest it had once commanded. Its palaces and temples were overhung by mahogany and ceiba trees . . . . Tropical rains lashed at the crumbling surfaces of stone and stucco; roots pried apart great structures that had been raised by armies of workers. . . . The [carvings] of gods stared out into the steamy jungle . . . . This was the place called Copán, sited along a river in the wilds of western Honduras.”

The Magnificent Maya

90.




From this paragraph, how do you know that Copán was the site of a highly developed civilization?


Essay

91.




What are some features of life in Costa Rica?

92.




Why is tourism important to many islands in the Caribbean?

93.




Why is farming an economic danger on many islands of the Caribbean?

94.




What is the role of the Panama Canal in Panama’s economy?


2

Answer Section

MATCHING

1. ANS: H PTS: 1 DIF: Average

2. ANS: J PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

3. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: Average

4. ANS: I PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

5. ANS: G PTS: 1 DIF: Average

6. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

7. ANS: E PTS: 1 DIF: Average

8. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average

9. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average

10. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average

11. ANS: H PTS: 1 DIF: Average

12. ANS: I PTS: 1 DIF: Average

13. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average

14. ANS: J PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

15. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average

16. ANS: E PTS: 1 DIF: Average

17. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average

18. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

19. ANS: G PTS: 1 DIF: Average

20. ANS: F PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MULTIPLE CHOICE

21. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average

22. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

23. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

24. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average

25. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average

26. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average

27. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average

28. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

29. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average

30. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average

31. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

32. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

33. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

34. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

35. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

36. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

37. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

38. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

39. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

40. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

41. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

42. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

43. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

44. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

45. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

46. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

47. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

48. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

49. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

50. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

51. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

52. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

53. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

54. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

55. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

56. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

57. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

MSC: Document Based Question

58. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

59. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

60. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

61. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

62. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

63. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

64. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

MSC: Document Based Question

65. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

MSC: Document Based Question

66. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

67. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

MSC: Document Based Question

68. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

69. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

70. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

MSC: Document Based Question

71. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

MSC: Document Based Question

72. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

73. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

MSC: Document Based Question

74. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

75. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

COMPLETION

76. ANS: Greater Antilles

PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

77. ANS: France

PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

78. ANS: volcanic eruptions

PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

79. ANS: crop

PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

MSC: Document Based Question

80. ANS: rain forests

PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

81. ANS: Maya

PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

82. ANS: Guatemala

PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

MSC: Document Based Question

83. ANS: Puerto Rico

PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

84. ANS: commonwealth

PTS: 1 DIF: Average

MSC: Document Based Question

85. ANS: Fidel Castro

PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

MSC: Document Based Question

SHORT ANSWER

86. ANS:

The northern area of Guatemala is sparsely populated, with under 2 people per square mile. The central area and most of the land along the Pacific Ocean has from 2 to 60 people per square mile. A relatively small area along the southern coast is more densely populated, with 125 to 250 people per square mile. Students may infer that the capital is located in this more densely populated area.

PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging

MSC: Document Based Question

87. ANS:

Costa Rica has the highest standard of living in Central America. A high literacy rate reveals that most people attend school. A high literacy rate results in a high standard of living because the people have more education and higher-skilled jobs.

PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging

MSC: Document Based Question

88. ANS:

Students’ answers may be similar to the following: Because Cuba is a communist state, the government runs the economy and sets prices. Without the incentive to make a profit, individuals and businesses often produce at low levels, resulting in shortages. When a good or service is in short supply, such as table space at Cuba’s state-run restaurants or hotels, customers must wait their turn.

PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging

MSC: Document Based Question

89. ANS:

Students’ answers may be similar to the following: The culture of Trinidad includes more ethnic groups than any other Caribbean island.

PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging

MSC: Document Based Question

90. ANS:

Evidence of a highly developed civilization can be seen in the palaces and temples at Copán, the fact that it took an army of workers to raise the great structures, and the carvings in stone.

PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging

MSC: Document Based Question

ESSAY

91. ANS:

Costa Ricans enjoy one of the highest living standards in the world and one of the highest literacy rates. They are ruled by a democratically elected government. Costa Rica seldom has fought wars and has avoided conflict for most of its history.

PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging

92. ANS:

Tourism is important to many islands because it is one of the most important economic activities. The sunny climate and beautiful beaches attract millions of tourists.

PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging

93. ANS:

Farming is an economic danger because on most islands, farmers depend on a single crop such as sugarcane. If the crop fails, no income is earned. If too much is produced, overall prices fall and the economy is in trouble.

PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging

94. ANS:

The Panama Canal plays a large role in Panama’s economy. The canal has become an important source of income for Panama. Nearly half of Panama’s people live and work in the canal area.



PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging


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