The U.S. Census Bureau releases approximately 20 different data products on manufacturing. A good number of these products are organized by the North American Classification System (NAICS). NAICS is an industry classification system that groups establishments into industries based on the similarity of their production processes. It is a comprehensive system covering all economic activities. The Census Bureau uses this system for the purpose of collecting, analyzing, and publishing statistical data related to the U.S. business economy.
SECTOR 31-33 ---- Manufacturing
The Manufacturing sector comprises establishments engaged in the mechanical, physical, or chemical transformation of materials, substances, or components into new products. The assembling of component parts of manufactured products is considered manufacturing, except in cases where the activity is appropriately classified in Sector 23, Construction.
Establishments in the Manufacturing sector are often described as plants, factories, or mills and characteristically use power-driven machines and materials-handling equipment. However, establishments that transform materials or substances into new products by hand or in the worker's home and those engaged in selling to the general public products made on the same premises from which they are sold, such as bakeries, candy stores, and custom tailors, may also be included in this sector. Manufacturing establishments may process materials or may contract with other establishments to process their materials for them. Both types of establishments are included in manufacturing.
For more information on the NAICS Definition for Manufacturing, see our 2012 NAICS definition page.
On the following pages, you will find the following information for each industry:
Industry classification (e.g. 325199) based on the primary product produced,
Description of the industry, and illustrative examples of products produced in the industry,
Four data items (Number of Establishments, Number of Employees, Total Value of Shipments, and Total Cost of Materials) for the industry; downloaded from American FactFinder (AFF),
Definition of terms used in this document, and
List of all industries included in the Economic Census publication.
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing attic fans and industrial and commercial fans and blowers, such as commercial exhaust fans and commercial ventilating fans.
Attic fans manufacturing
Blower filter units manufacturing
Exhaust fans, industrial and commercial-type, manufacturing
Fans, industrial and commercial-type, manufacturing
Ventilating fans, industrial and commercial-type, manufacturing
Number of establishments: 160
Number of Employees: 9,986
Total Value of Shipments ($1,000): 1,961,959
Total Cost of materials ($1,000): 862,644
Source: 2007 Economic Census: General Summary- Industry Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries
American FactFinder (AFF): An electronic system for access and dissemination of Census Bureau data on the internet. The system offers prepackaged data and user-selected data tables and maps from the 2010 Census, Census 2000, the 1990 Census of Population and Housing, the 2007, 1997, and 2002 Economic Censuses, the Population Estimates Program, annual economic surveys and the American Community Survey.
Economic Census: Provides a detailed portrait of the United States' economy once every five years (years ending in '2' and '7'), from the national to the local level. It covers most of the U.S. economy in its basic collection of establishment statistics.
NAICS: The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) is an industry classification system that groups establishments into industries based on the similarity of their production processes. It is a comprehensive system covering all economic activities.
Number of Employees: This item includes all full-time and part-time employees on the payrolls of operating manufacturing establishments during any part of the pay period that included the 12th of the months specified on the report form. Included are employees on paid sick leave, paid holidays, and paid vacations; not included are proprietors and partners of unincorporated businesses.
Number of establishments: An establishment is a single physical location where business is conducted or where services or industrial operations are performed. Data in this sector include those establishments where manufacturing is performed. A separate report is required for each manufacturing establishment (plant) with one employee or more that is in operation at any time during the year.
Total Cost of Materials: This term refers to direct charges actually paid or payable for items consumed or put into production during the year, including freight charges and other direct charges incurred by the establishment in acquiring these materials. It includes the cost of materials or fuel consumed, whether purchased by the individual establishment from other companies, transferred to it from other establishments of the same company, or withdrawn from inventory during the year.
Total Value of Shipments: This item covers the received or receivable net selling values, f.o.b. plant (exclusive of freight and taxes), of all products shipped as well as all miscellaneous receipts, such as receipts for contract work performed for others, installation and repair, sales of scrap, and sales of products bought and sold without further processing. Included are all items made by or for the establishments from material owned by it, whether sold, transferred to other plants of the same company, or shipped on consignment. The net selling value of products made in one plant on a contract basis from materials owned by another was reported by the plant providing the materials.
The Economic Census is the U.S. Government's official five-year measure of American business and the economy. It is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, and response is required by law.
Forms go out to more than 4 million businesses, including large, medium and small companies representing all U.S. locations and industries. Respondents are asked to provide a range of operational and performance data for their companies.
As part of the U.S. Census Bureau's mission to measure America's economy, the next Economic Census will be conducted for the year ending December 2012.
Economic Census data are released for all sectors listed in the table below.
Tables by Economic Census sector:
42: Wholesale Trade
44: Retail Trade
48: Transportation and Warehousing
52: Finance and Insurance
53: Real Estate and Rental and Leasing
54: Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services
55: Management of Companies and Enterprises
56: Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services
61: Educational Services
62: Health Care and Social Assistance
71: Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation
72: Accommodation and Food Services
81: Other Services (Except Public Administration)