Causes of World War I (1914-1918) Scramble for Africa Leading up to wwi

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Causes of World War I (1914-1918)
Scramble for Africa Leading up to WWI

  • During the late 1800s many European countries wanted more overseas land

  • Between 1885-1910 many of these countries divided the continent of Africa among themselves

Reasons for the colonization of Africa by the Europeans

  • Need for raw materials to manufacture products in European factories (gold, diamonds, and oil plentiful in Africa)

  • Desire to have more colonies because colonies equaled pride and power

  • Desire to “civilize” the rest of the world and send missionaries to the new colonies

Colonization of Asia Leading up to WWI

Causes WWI: Imperialism

Causes WWI: Nationalism

  • the love of one’s country

  • sometimes led to hostility toward other nations (countries)

  • people believed their country was superior to other countries

  • would not work together with other countries to solve problems

Causes of WWI: Militarism

Causes of WWI: Alliances

  • Treaties were signed by many European countries agreeing to help each other in case of attack

  • Divided Europe into two sides-the Central Powers and the Allied Powers

WWI Begins

  • Assassination of the Austrian Archduke Ferdinand and his wife was the actual event that started the fighting

  • European countries entered the war to support their allies

WWI Facts

  • Global war with 32 countries

  • Lasted from 1914-1918

  • U.S. entered the war on in 1917

  • 10 million people died

  • Treaty of Versailles ended the war and made Germany give up territory and pay huge reparations (money paid for war damages)

  • New nations were created from some of the countries on the losing side (Central Powers)

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