Causes of the american revolution: teaching vocabulary and academic language



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CAUSES OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION:

TEACHING VOCABULARY AND ACADEMIC LANGUAGE

5th grade History

By

Karen Garcia


I Lesson overview

  • Teachers share their own ideas for effective ways to decide which vocabulary words (taken from History lessons, textbooks, and standards) are the most important, useful ones to teach.

  • Teachers will quickly review Marzano’s work.

  • Teachers will be introduced to several activities for teaching vocabulary.

II Standards Addressed

CA HSS 5.5

CA ELA 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5


III Materials needed

Lists of vocabulary words derived from: Professor’s lesson on the causes of the Revolution; adopted History textbook chapter on the Causes of the Revolution; CA History 5th grade standards; copies of article from www.u-46.org/roadmap/files/vocabulary.


IV Into (5 min.)

After the Professor finishes her lesson on the Causes of the Revolution, display a large-size list of the words she used that 5th graders would find difficult. Also display a list of the “official” vocabulary words from the 5th grade text chapter on the Causes of the Revolution; a list of additional words from that chapter that students might find difficult; and a list of vocabulary words taken from the CA HSS standard 5.5, “Causes of the Revolution.” Show the lists side-by-side. Ask teachers to examine the lists and realize how very many words there are. How would we ever teach all those words?


V Through (40 min.)

a. Pass out individual copies of the 4 words lists. Ask teachers, in their table groups, to talk together about how they would decided which words were the most important to teach—not which words they’d teach, or how they’d teach them, but how they’d go about deciding which are the words the students will find most useful in various curricular areas, and which words are not critical for them to learn. Groups will decide on their favorite method of doing this.

b. Do a quick whip. Each table shares out its favorite method. Chart responses.

c. Briefly discuss the fact that vocabulary development helps with background knowledge acquisition.

d. Pass out the article of Marzano’s (2005) 6-step process for teaching Academic Vocabulary, and his “Characteristics of Effective Direct Vocabulary Instruction”. Ask them to read both sides.

e. Discuss/ questions/ ideas

f. Demonstrate sample activities: Patty (7 min.), Constance (5 min.), Elizabeth (5 min.), Karen (10 min.)

VI Beyond

Ask teachers to choose the vocabulary words they will teach next year when they get to “Causes of the Revolution.” Encourage them to include one of the activities they’ve seen in a lesson they’re planning for next year.
VOCABULARY WORDS FROM MICHELLE’S LESSON:

CAUSES OF THE REVOLUTION

1

Tinker 


Continental Congress

King George III

Parliament

Independent

Patriots

Britain


Reason 

Great Awakening

Enlightenment 

Political Culture

Government

Proper authority

English Constitution

King


House of Lords

House of Commons

Parliament

Monarchy



2

Constitutional Monarchy

Absolute Monarchy

Royalty


Aristocracy

Commoners

Mixed Government

Rights of Englishmen

Representation

Trial By Jury

Habeas Corpus

Standing Army

Above the law

Liberty


Power

Tyranny


Usurpation

Corruption

Bureaucracy


3

Monopoly


Corporate rights

Individual rights

Natural rights

Glorious Revolution

Imports & Exports

Taxation


Colonial assemblies 

French & Indian War

Stamp Act

Declaratory Act

Townshend Acts

Boycott


Boston Massacre (?)


4

Tea Act


Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts)

Crowd protest

Resolution

Rule of law 

Divine Right of Kings 

Common Sense

Militiamen/Minutemen

Lexington & Concord

Declaration of Independence

First Continental Congress

Second Continental Congress

Embargo





VOCABULARY LIST FROM TEXTBOOK

Our Nation Unit 5: Causes of the Revolution

parliament

tariff

protest


petition

repeal


boycott

Pontiac


George III

Crispus Attucks

Paul Revere

Delegate


Committee

Correspond

Unify

Militia


Samuel Adams

George Washington

Benjamin Franklin

Orator


James Otis

Patrick Henry

John Adams


ADDITIONAL WORDS KIDS MIGHT NEED TO LEARN FROM TEXTBOOK

Our Nation Unit 5: Causes of the Revolution

benefit


conflict

rebellion

eventually

lawmaking assembly

document

representative

protestors

unite


authority

resistance

repeal

coercive


intolerable

volunteer

improve

citizen


tyranny

unjust



VOCABULARY LIST FROM CALIFORNIA HISTORY/SOCIAL SCIENCES STANDARD 5.5: Causes of the Revolution

Political

Religious

Economic


Resistance

Imperial


Policy

Stamp Act

Townshend Acts

Taxes


Coercive Acts

Significance

Continental Congress

Committees of Correspondence

Associated

Drafting


Declaration of Independence

Concepts


Embodies

Origins


Severing

Impact






Teaching American History 2

Summer Institute, 2008


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