Canals, Roads, and Trains: The History of Transportation in Ohio Julieanne Phillips, Ph. D., Tah staff



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Canals, Roads, and Trains: The History of Transportation in Ohio

Julieanne Phillips, Ph.D., TAH Staff

May 4, 2010

Resource Sites:


Canals:

Ohio’s Historic Canals http://my.ohio.voyager.net/~lstevens/canal/

Ohio’s Canals http://my.ohio.voyager.net/~lstevens/canal/canalmap.html

History of Ohio Canals http://www.dnr.state.oh.us/water/canlhist/tabid/3285/Default.aspx

Touring Ohio: Ohio’s Canal System http://www.touring-ohio.com/history/ohio-canal-system.html

Ohio and Erie Canal http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=778

The Canal Society of Ohio http://www.canalsocietyohio.org/


National Road:

Historic National Road, National Scenic Byways Program, http://www.byways.org/explore/byways/2278/


Historic National Road – Ohio, National Scenic Byways Program, http://www.byways.org/explore/byways/15641/

National Road Historical Timeline, http://www.nationalroadpa.org/historical_timeline.html

Ohio’s Scenic Byway, Historic National Road http://www.dot.state.oh.us/OhioByways/Pages/HistoricNationalRoad.aspx

Madonnas of the Trail http://www.roadsideamerica.com/set/madonna.html

Madonna of the Trail, Springfield, Ohio, http://www.springfieldohio.net/todo/madonna.php

National Road Map, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gentutor/national.html

Stone S bridge on National Road in Guernsey County (Cambridge) , http://www.ohiomemory.org/cdm4/document.php?CISOROOT=/p267401coll34&CISOPTR=2485&REC=9

The National Road in Song and Story, Compiled by Workers in the Writer’s Program of the WPA in the State of Ohio, 1940. P. 24- MAP, P.36 –MADONNA, P. 39- TIMELINE http://www.archive.org/stream/nationalroadinso00writ#page/18/mode/2up

Ohio National Road Association, http://www.ohionationalroad.org/

National Road Bibliography, http://www.ohionationalroad.org/bibliography.htm
Railroads:

Welcome to Ohio, the Land of Trains. Jeff Knorek. http://knorek.com/RR/Ohio/ohio.htm

Ohio Rail Tourism Association http://www.ohiorailtourism.org/

Ohio Railroad Stations Past and Present http://www.west2k.com/ohio.htm

Railroads of Ohio http://railohio.railfan.net/

LM&M Railroad http://www.lebanonrr.com/

Lesson Plans:
Canals:

Our Ohio: Exploring our Heritage- “Ohio Riverboats” Students will be able to explain how innovations in transportation and important transportation routes like the Ohio River contributed to the development of the state. Students will also be able to analyze and interpret primary source documents and watch a video of a steam boat in action. http://www.thinktv.org/education/downloads/OhioRiverboats.pdf
Our Ohio: Exploring our Heritage- “Ohio Canals” Students will examine maps and primary sources to determine canal routes and how the use of the canals affected the lives of early Ohioans. Students will view a video and also complete a visual organizer comparing transportation in the early 1800s to today. http://www.thinktv.org/education/downloads/OhioCanals.pdfVideo: http://www.thinktv.org/education/educ_k12_ourohio_heritage.html
Our Ohio: Exploring our Heritage- “Ohio Waterways” Students will view a video and learn the location of Ohio’s major waterways to the development of commerce and the state, learn about how our ports work, how international trade is made possible via waterways, as well as learn about the efficiency of different modes of transportation. http://www.thinktv.org/education/downloads/OhioWaterways.pdf
National Road:

Traveling the National Road After reading the background information and using the Activity Sheets in this unit, students will be able to:  Explain what the National Road was.  Identify the course of the National Road and associated points on a map.  Explain why the National Road was built. http://www.nps.gov/archive/fone/classroom./nr1teacher.htm
Goods and Services Along the National Road Literature Annotation: Hog Music by M.C. Helldorfer. New York: Viking, 2000., Grade Level: 4th Grade, Duration: 2-3 class periods http://www.econed.org/html/lessons/data/goods-and-services-on-the-national-road.pdf
Our Ohio: Exploring our Heritage- “The Ohio National Road” Students will be able to describe how the National Road and other transportation routes passing through Ohio helped contribute to the growth of the state and nation. Students will analyze and interpret primary source documents and watch a video on the Ohio National Road. http://www.thinktv.org/education/downloads/Nationalroad.pdf
Railroads:

Railroads” U.S. History Grades 6-8, In this lesson students will understand that railroads function to various degrees in different parts of the country as a means of travel. The lesson requires students to look at their hometown from the perspective of transportation options

and to determine what option, if any, the railroads could offer. http://school.discoveryeducation.com/lessonplans/programs/rediscoveringamerica-railroadsrobbersrebels/
Transportation: Transcontinental Railroad”, U.S. History Grades 3-8, In these lessons, students learn about the history, construction, and impact of the first transcontinental railroad in the United States. Includes historic photographs, maps, and suggested classroom activities. There is a link to an eThemes resource on trains http://www.emints.org/ethemes/resources/S00000752.shtml
The Transcontinental Railroad” U.S. History Grades 6-8, In this PBS lesson, students will understand the need for the original transcontinental railroad and develop an appreciation for the effect the railroad has had on American life from a variety of perspectives.

http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/lesson_plans/lesson01.htm


I Hear the Locomotives” History Grades 3-5, Students will study the impact that the transcontinental railroad had on regions through which it passed and the effect it had on the United States. This lesson can lead to an investigation and discussion on the impact the railroad will have in Ohio. http://www.edsitement.neh.gov/view_lesson_plan.asp?id=253

Our Ohio: Exploring Our Heritage http://www.thinktv.org/education/educ_k12.html#
Part travelogue and part history, this multimedia curriculum takes students to historic locations around the state of Ohio. Interviews with local experts, combined with archival film, help to re-create the important role each of these locations played in Ohio's history and development.
Our Ohio: Exploring Our Heritage Grades 3-8
Welcome to Our Ohio: Exploring Our Heritage! The following six lessons based on our public television series Our Ohio are designed to incorporate social studies skills and methods into the study of Ohio history. Specific emphasis is placed on analyzing primary source documents and images to encourage critical thinking and problem solving skills. Visit the Our Ohio on the web at www.ourohio.org.

Sunwatch Village (pdf)

The Ohio Amish (pdf)

The Underground Railroad (pdf)


 

The Ohio State Fair (pdf)

Ohio Canals (pdf)

Ohio Waterways (pdf)


http://www.thinktv.org/education/educ_k12_ourohio_heritage.html
Our Ohio: Exploring Our Heritage Volume II
In Season II of Our Ohio: Exploring Our Heritage six videos and accompanying lessons take students to historic locations in Ohio. Lessons and activities are aligned to the Ohio Academic Content Standards for grades 3-5 and are tied to Ohio history themes including early statehood, geography, geology, economics, technology, innovation, the branches of government and more. For downloadable lessons and streaming video:

An Ohio Water Mill (watch streaming video | view pdf)


Ohio Riverboats (watch streaming video | view pdf)
The Ohio Supreme Court (watch streaming video | view pdf)
Cincinnati Fire Museum (watch streaming video | view pdf)
Ideal Farmland (watch streaming video | view pdf)
Thomas Worthington's Adena (watch streaming video | view pdf)

http://www.thinktv.org/education/educ_abo_ohiovol2.html


Our Ohio: Exploring Our Heritage Volume III Season three of Our Ohio: Exploring Our Heritage includes five 7-10 minute video segments which take students to historic locations around the state.  The videos are aligned to the Ohio Academic Content Standards for grades 4, 5 and 8 and each includes accompanying lessons.  The videos and lessons explore the Underground Railroad and abolition movement in Ohio, the Fort Ancient Indians of Serpent Mound, as well as the Ohio National Road and the War of 1812.

Streaming videos and accompanying lessons can be downloaded here:

Ripley, Ohio: Freedom’s Landing (watch streaming video | view pdf)
Harriet Beecher Stowe (watch streaming video | view pdf)
The Ohio National Road (watch streaming video | view pdf)
Fort Meigs and the War of 1812 (watch streaming video | view pdf)
Serpent Mound (watch streaming video | view pdf)

http://www.thinktv.org/education/educ_abo_ohiovol3.html






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