Cambodia: (Preăh Réachéa Anachâk Kâmpŭchea) An Assessment of Development Potential

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Works Cited

ABC News. Cambodia losing millions to beer smuggling. 11 May 2007. 29 March 2010 .

Cambodia Ministry of Planning. Comprehensive Mid-Term Review. January 2006. 4 April 2010 .

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Dean, Katie and Alex Joiner. Cambodia Economic Update. 7 June 2007. 29 March 2010 .

Global Integrity. Cambodia. 2008. .

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Kiernan, Ben. The Pol Pot Regime. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002.

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Wines, Michael. "Malnutrition is Cheatin its Survivors, and Africa's Future." The New York Times 28 December 2006.

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—. World Health Report 2006- Working together for health. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2006.

1access to health care and educational facilities Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.

2 Data only available for 2002

3 Data only available for 2004

4 Data only available for 2002

5 Data for Lao PDR not available.

6 Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind.

7 National poverty rate is the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys. Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the World Bank's country poverty assessments

8 Source:

9 Infant mortality rate is defined as the probability of dying between birth and exactly 1 year of age, expressed per 1000 births.

10 Under-5 mortality rate is defined as the probability of dying by age 5 per 1000 births.

11 Adult mortality rate is defined as the probability of dying between 15 to 60 years per 1000 population.

12 Malnutrition is defined as slower body growth among children: smaller height-to-age ratio (stunted) and/or lower weight-to-age ratio (underweight) for children under age 5

13 Maternal mortality ratio is defined as the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 births during a specified time period, usually 1 year (WHO)

14 Improved sanitation includes connection to a public sewer, connection to septic systems, pour-flush latrines, simple pit latrines, and ventilated improved pit latrines. Not considered as improved sanitation are service or bucket latrines, public latrines, and open latrines (World Health Organization).

15 Improved water sources include household connections, public standpipes, boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collections. Unimproved water sources are unprotected wells, unprotected springs, vendor-provided water, bottled water (unless water for other uses is available from an improved source), and tanker truck-provided water (World Health Organization).

16CIA World Fact Book

17Huffington Post

18World Bank -

19 This figure is composed of Direct investment, portfolio investment, financial derivative, foreign aid(net loans), and other investments

20World Bank


22Asian Development Bank

23 Ibid

24US Department of State-

25 World Bank

26 Cambodian Investment Board-

27 U.S. Department of State, 2010

28 Standard & Poor’s credit ratings are designed to provide relative rankings of creditworthiness. Credit ratings range from the highest rating of AAA to the lowest rating of D (Used to indicate payment default).
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