|Calvin Coolidge—Fact Sheet
Born on July 4, 1872 in the small village of Plymouth Notch, Vermont.
Wife: Grace Anna (school teacher)
Children: Two sons, John and Calvin Jr. who died from blood poisoning as a teenager
Political Party: Republican
Political Experience: Mass. State Congressman, State Senator, Lt. Gov, Governor of Mass. (recognized by the nation for his role in the Boston Police Strike), Vice President under Warren Harding
Presidential Election: Finished out Harding’s term. Ran against John Davis in the election of 1924. Decisive victory.
Campaign Slogan: Keep Cool With Coolidge
Nickname: Silent Cal
Very popular President.
Famous Quotes: “The chief business of the American people is business”.
“The man who builds a factory builds a temple. The man who works there worships there”.
Coolidge believed in cutting taxes, limiting government spending, and no government regulations over businesses and industries (laissez faire)
He believed in high protective tariffs (Hawley Smoot Tariff) and rejected membership in the League of Nations. He supported prohibition and immigration restriction (National Origins Act-no more than 150,000 people admitted per year)
Number of millionaires rose from 4,500 to 11,000 by 1926
Electricity began to reach into rural America (2/3 of all homes), indoor plumbing
New inventions, installment plan (credit), assembly line, advertising and marketing