C2S2 Fall of the Western Roman Empire pp30-35



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C2S2 Fall of the Western Roman Empire pp30-35


  1. Problems Threaten the Empire

    1. At its height the Roman Empire had grown very large and included all the land around the ______________ __________.

    2. Emperors gave up some land because they feared it was too _________ to ___________ or ____________ efficiently.

A. Problems in the Empire

  1. _____________ Attacks

    1. Germanic warriors who Romans called ___________ attacked the _____________ borders

    2. ____________ armies in the ___________

    3. ___________ defended themselves for ______years but at great cost

  2. Problems Within the Empire

    1. People needed for ________ not enough people left to _________

    2. Romans invited ___________ people to farm but eventually whole groups came over and followed their own __________ and ignored the ________________

  3. Other Problems

    1. ______________

    2. Increased taxes to pay for __________

B. Division of the __________

  1. _________________

    1. Took power in the late _______s

    2. Believed empire was too big for ___________ to rule

    3. Divided it in _________ and _________ Empires

    4. He ruled the _________

  2. ________________

    1. Reunited the ____________

    2. Moved capital to the ____________

    3. Although empire was ____________, power was no longer in __________but in the East in ________________, the new capital.

  1. __________________________________

A. Early _______________

    1. First led by the________ – fierce warriors from __________

    2. Huns attacked _________ in Europe

    3. ____________ tried to flee West into Roman Empire but the ___________ armies kept them out.

    4. __________ armies lost and Goths moved into Roman territory

B. ____________________________

  1. ____________ fought to keep _________ out of Rome

  2. Paid _________ to stay away

  3. This _________ (plan for fighting a battle or war) worked until ________ when Romans stopped ____________

  4. ________ destroyed ________ although Romans tried to defend it.

  5. This caused Romans to fear for the ________ of the empire.

C. ______________________________

  1. Early 400s __________ enter Spain and as they crossed into Roman areas they destroyed nearly everything in their path

  2. _____________

    1. Frankish king who built a huge kingdom in ________

    2. One of the most powerful ___________ kings

  3. _____________

    1. New leader of the ________ who raided Roman territory in the East.

    2. Invaded _____________, Greece, Gaul, and parts of _________________________

    3. Was told __________ ran wild in _______________ so he didn’t invade _____________

D. __________________________________

  1. Rome needed __________ leaders but there emperors in the 400s were _________

  2. ______________________ took power away from emperors

  3. ______________________ were fighting amongst themselves instead of ________________ the empire

  4. ______________ continued to invade and in _____ a barbarian general overthrew the last emperor and named himself king of ___________

    1. This was seen as the ______ of the _________ Roman Empire

  1. ________________________________

    1. _____________ invasions were one of several causes of the fall

    2. Other causes

        1. __________ size of empire

            1. Too big to govern properly

            2. _________________ among different parts of empire was difficult

        2. _______________ crises

            1. ____________ – the decay of people’s values – was widespread

            2. Corrupt officials used _________ and __________ and ignored needs of __________

            3. ________’s government was no longer __________ – productive and not wasteful

            4. Because of ______________ wealthy citizens fled the city

              1. Many landowners had ______ or _________ that worked the land and they would sometimes turn them into _________ to protect their estates.

              2. Some would use their _______ to overthrow ____________ and take power

              3. Decreased _____________

                1. not enough _________

b. ______ and __________

increased leading to _________


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