By Roger Freeborn, Football Faxuals simply stated, defense wins ball games!



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DEFENSE

By Roger Freeborn, Football Faxuals



SIMPLY STATED, DEFENSE WINS BALL GAMES!

IN ORDER FOR A TEAM TO BE GOOD, REALLY GOOD, THEY HAVE TO FIRST BE GOOD ON DEFENSE. THE KEY TO A SUCCESSFUL FOOTBALL SEASON LIES WITH ONE GROUP, THE DEFENSE. IF YOU AS AN INDIVIDUAL, HAVE DECIDED AND DEDICATED YOUR BODY AND MIND, TO FOOTBALL, YOUR TEAM, AND YOUR COACHES, THEN SUCCESS CAN BECOME A REALITY. AGGRESSIVENESS COUPLED WITH A BURNING DESIRE TO WIN, WILL PROVIDE AN EXCELLENT ENVIRONMENT TO GREET THE SUCCESS THE SEAGULLS SHOULD HAVE THIS FALL.

DEFENSE AS DEFINED BY WEBSTER IS THE ACT OF GUARDING AGAINST AN ATTACK OF A TEAM OR PLAYERS DEFENDING A GOAL IN A GAME. THIS BUT DEFINES THE OBJECTIVE OF THE DEFENSIVE TEAM IN FOOTBALL. THERE ARE ALSO OTHER OBJECTIVES OF THE DEFENSIVE TEAM, BUT NONE CAN BETTER DESCRIBE THE DEFENSE'S OBJECTIVES THAN THESE TWO: GUARD AND DEFEND.

IN ORDER TO HAVE A GOOD DEFENSE, A TEAM MUST HAVE ELEVEN STRONG PERFORMERS WHO HAVE A BURNING DESIRE TO SUCCEED AND WIN. THE LINE MUST BE AGGRESSIVE AND PROVIDE A GREAT RUSH CAUSING THE BIG PLAY, A BIG LOSS OF YARDAGE OR A BALL TURNOVER. THESE BALL TURNOVERS INCLUDE A FUMBLE, PASS INTERCEPTION, OR A BLOCKED KICK. IN ORDER TO ACCOMPLISH THESE OBJECTIVES ONE MUST EXECUTE THE DEFENSE TO PERFECTION, KNOWING HOW TO REACT TO CERTAIN SITUATIONS (KEYS).

IN ORDER TO COORDINATE THE TEAM DEFENSE, WE MUST STOP THE HOME RUN BOTH IN THE AIR AND ON THE GROUND, CONTAIN THE OFFENSE, GIVE UP GROUND GRUDGINGLY AND WE MUST BE ABLE TO THINK TACTICALLY, ANTICIPATING CERTAIN PLAYS YOUR OPPONENTS WILL USE IN KEY SITUATIONS. THE KEY TO A GOOD DEFENSE IS BEING ABLE TO STOP THE POSSESSION PLAY FORCING THE OFFENSE INTO MISTAKES.

THE AVERAGE DRIVE FOR SCORE IN HIGH SCHOOL FOOTBALL LASTS BUT EIGHT PLAYS OR LESS. AFTER THE EIGHTH PLAY THE DRIVE USUALLY BREAKS DOWN BECAUSE THE OFFENSE COMMITS A MISTAKE. THE PURPOSE OF OUR DEFENSE, THEREFORE, IS TO CONTAIN THE OFFENSE, GIVING UP GROUND A LITTLE AT A TIME, TO BEND BUT NOT BREAK. WE WILL NOT UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES, ALLOW AN EASY SCORE.

TO HAVE SUCCESS DEFENSIVELY, WE MUST BELIEVE IN OUR DEFENSE. NO ONE CAN ACCOMPLISH A TASK IF HE DOES NOT BELIEVE WHAT HE IS DOING IS THE BEST WAY TO DO IT. ALONG WITH BELIEVING IN THE DEFENSE, YOU MUST BELIEVE IN YOURSELF. FAILURE TO HAVE PRIDE IN YOURSELF WILL CAUSE A WEAK LINK IN THE TEAM. YOU MUST HAVE CONFIDENCE IN THE PLAYER PLAYING NEXT TO YOU. WHEN HE REACTS TO A CERTAIN SITUATION, HE MUST KNOW AND FEEL THAT THE INDIVIDUAL NEXT TO HIM IS REACTING PROPERLY AND WILL ASSIST IN MAKING THE PLAY.

IF WE WERE TO LIST BY IMPORTANCE THE THREE MAIN FACTORS OF FOOTBALL, THEY WOULD BE AS FOLLOWS: 1.) DEFENSE, 2.) KICKING GAME, 3.) OFFENSE. DEFENSE HAS ALWAYS AND WILL ALWAYS BE THE MOST IMPORTANT PART OF FOOTBALL. IF A TEAM CANNOT SCORE ON OUR DEFENSE WE WILL NOT LOSE! OUR OFFENSE'S ABILITY TO SCORE WILL BE GREATLY DEPENDENT UPON THE FIELD POSITION THE DEFENSE GIVES THEM. THEREFORE, BY CAUSING THE BIG PLAY, WE ARE PROVIDING OUR OFFENSE A TACTICAL ADVANTAGE OVER OUR OPPONENTS. THEY IN TURN MUST TAKE ADVANTAGE OF OUR WORK IN ORDER TO WIN THE BALL GAME.

DEFENSE PROVIDES A PLAYER THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE OVER-AGGRESSIVE. ON OFFENSE YOU CANNOT USE YOUR HANDS, BUT ON DEFENSE YOU CAN HIT, SCRATCH, OR USE YOUR HANDS. A PLAYER WHO WANTS TO LOSE SOME OF HIS PENT-UP AGGRESSIONS WILL FIND THAT DEFENSE WILL GIVE YOU AN EXCELLENT OPPORTUNITY TO DO SO.

 

IF THEY CAN'T SCORE, THEY CAN'T BEAT US!



 

DEFENSIVE PHILOSOPHY

FUNDAMENTALLY SPEAKING OUR PHILOSOPHY IS "IF THEY CAN'T SCORE, THEY CAN'T BEAT US."

TO BEGIN WITH THERE IS LITTLE QUESTION THAT ANY ADVANTAGE IN THE GAME BELONGS TO THE OFFENSIVE TEAM. THE RULES ARE CONSTRUCTED IN A MANNER THAT PUTS THE DEFENSE AT A DISADVANTAGE. THE OFFENSE, BY RULE, MAY STRIKE AT ANY POINT IN THE DEFENSIVE ALIGNMENT WITH POWER, SPEED, AND DECEPTION. IT CAN MASS ITS PERSONNEL SO THAT THE DEFENSE IS NUMERICALLY OUT MANNED, YET THE DEFENSE, NOT KNOWING WHERE THE OFFENSE WILL STRIKE, MUST PRESENT AT THE OUTSET OF EACH PLAY, A BALANCED FRONT. ANOTHER BIG ADVANTAGE TO THE OFFENSE IS KNOWING WHEN THE BALL IS TO GO INTO PLAY. THIS ALLOWS THE OFFENSIVE PERSONNEL TO "ANTICIPATE" WHEREAS ALL MOVES BY THE DEFENSE MUST BE ON A REACTION BASIS. BEARING THIS IN MIND WE MUST REALIZE THAT MOST OFFENSES ARE GOING TO GAIN YARDAGE AGAINST EVEN THE MOST BRILLIANTLY CONCEIVED AND PERFECTLY EXECUTED DEFENSE. HOWEVER, NO ONE EVER LOST A GAME BY GIVING UP A FIRST DOWN.

1. TO GAIN RESPECTABILITY, WE MUST HAVE A SOUND - TOUGH DEFENSE.

2. DEFENSE IS THE MOST IMPORTANT THING IN FOOTBALL.

3. IF OPPONENTS CAN'T SCORE, WE WILL NOT LOSE.

4. FIELD POSITION IS MORE IMPORTANT THAN POSSESSION OF THE BALL.

5. FOOTBALL IS A COMEDY OF ERRORS - THAT IS - ALL TEAMS ARE BOUND TO MAKE CERTAIN MISTAKES IN A GAME. COACHING IS THE ELIMINATION OF MISTAKES. CAPITALIZING ON ERRORS CALLS FOR HEADS UP AGGRESSIVE PLAY!

6. IN THE MAJORITY OF CASES, MOST TEAMS DO NOT WIN A FOOTBALL GAME, THE OTHER TEAM LOSES IT BECAUSE OF THEIR MISTAKES.

 

THEORY OF DEFENSE

 

BASED ON FOUR OBJECTIVES:



1. PREVENT OPPONENT FROM SCORING: EVERY MEMBER OF THE DEFENSE MUST HAVE THIS FACT UPPERMOST IN HIS MIND AT ALL TIMES. TO REPEAT: THE FIRST AND ONLY MISSION OF DEFENSE IS TO PREVENT A SCORE. STRANGE AS IT MAY SEEM, DEFENSIVE PLAYERS OFTEN LOST SIGHT OF THIS VITAL FACT. NEVER WORRY ABOUT A FIRST DOWN, PREVENT TOUCHDOWNS!

2. PREVENT THE LONG SUSTAINED DRIVE: THIS IS ACCOMPLISHED BY THREE VERY IMPORTANT METHODS:

A. WE MUST ALWAYS BE SURE THAT THE OPPONENTS GAIN POSSESSION OF THE BALL AS DEEP IN THEIR TERRITORY AS POSSIBLE; ALWAYS IN THEIR HALF OF THE FIELD. THIS GIVES THEM A GREAT DISTANCE TO MOVE THE BALL FOR A SCORE. (HOLD THEM TO LESS THAN THREE YARDS PER FIRST AND SECOND DOWN IN ANY SERIES.)

B. WE MUST FORCE THE OFFENSIVE ERROR OR MISTAKE: THE FUMBLE, THE PASS INTERCEPTION, THE PENALTY, THE BLOWN ASSIGNMENT, OR THE BLOCKED KICK. SECOND MAN ON ALL TACKLES, GO FOR THE BALL.

C. THE OFFENSE MUST BE FORCED TO PUT THE BALL INTO PLAY A GREAT MANY TIMES BY KEEPING EACH GAIN TO A MINIMUM. IF WE CAN FORCE THE OFFENSE TO DO THIS, THEY WILL SURELY MAKE THE OFFENSIVE ERROR. THE PRIMARY RESPONSIBILITY FOR THESE TASKS ARE WITH THE FORCING UNIT: THE FRONT SEVEN. AWARENESS TO THE SITUATION, PROPER ALIGNMENT, PROPER READING OF OUR KEYS, STRICT ADHERENCE TO RESPONSIBILITIES, EFFICIENT EXECUTION OF STUNTS AND PURSUIT, COMBINED WITH GANG TACKLING AND BALL STEALING, WILL ENCOURAGE THESE OFFENSIVE MISTAKES. THE CONTAIN MEN PERFORM THE ALL IMPORTANT TASK OF PREVENTING ANY PLAY THAT DEVELOPS BEYOND OR PAST THE LINE OF SCRIMMAGE FROM BECOMING A HOME RUN OR A LONG GAINER BY SURE, DEADLY, OPEN FIELD TACKLING.

3. GAIN POSSESSION OF THE FOOTBALL: GAINING POSSESSION MAY BE DONE IN FOUR DIFFERENT WAYS:

A. RECOVER A FUMBLE, C. MAKING OPPONENT DOWN O

B. INTERCEPTION OF A PASS, D. FORCING OPPONENT TO KICK.

 

4. TO SCORE: A GREAT MANY PLAYERS DO NOT REALIZE THAT THE DEFENSE CAN SCORE IN MORE WAYS THAN ON OFFENSE. A TOUCHDOWN MAY BE SCORED BY INTERCEPTING A PASS, A PUNT RETURN, BLOCKED PUNT, OR A FUMBLE RETURNED FOR A SCORE. A SAFETY (2 POINTS) MAY BE ACQUIRED BY TACKLING AN OPPONENT BALL CARRIER IN HIS END ZONE. THE DEFENSE MUST BE ALERT FOR THESE OPPORTUNITIES AT ALL TIMES. IN ESSENCE: THE DEFENSE MUST BE OFFENSIVELY MINDED.



 

BASIC DEFENSIVE PRINCIPLES

 

THESE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF THE DEFENSE MUST BE KEPT IN MIND AT ALL TIMES BY ALL DEFENSIVE PLAYERS:



1. EVERY DEFENSE SHOULD BE A COORDINATED DEFENSE. EVERY MAN MUST KNOW HIS RESPONSIBILITY IN THE TEAM DEFENSE.

2. FOLLOW THE BALL. THIS WILL PROVIDE THE "WINNING EDGE" IN FOOTBALL. IF 11 MEN FOLLOW WITH RELENTLESS PURSUIT AFTER THEY HAVE PROTECTED THEIR INITIAL RESPONSIBILITY - YOU WIN.

3. ANGLE OF PURSUIT. THERE IS SOME CORRECT ANGLE THAT EVERY MAN CAN TAKE TO PURSUE THE BALL CARRIER. THIS SOUNDS SIMPLE, BUT IT IS PROBABLY VIOLATED MORE THAN ANY GAME FUNDAMENTAL. NEVER PURSUE DIRECTLY BEHIND A MAN IN YOUR COLOR JERSEY.

4. GANG TACKLE. THE GANG TACKLE IS THE MOST DEMORALIZING MANEUVER IN FOOTBALL. WITH GANG TACKLING A TEAM WILL SOON KILL SOME OF THE INCENTIVE OF THE OPPOSING BALL CARRIER. GANG TACKLING IS A DEMONSTRATION OF DESIRE TO WIN.

5. INTERCEPTION OF THE FORWARD PASS. EVERY TIME THE OFFENSE THROWS A FORWARD PASS THE DEFENSE MUST REACT TO THE BALL - NOT AFTER IT HAS BEEN COMPLETED, BUT WHILE THE BALL IS IN FLIGHT. AS SOON AS THE BALL LEAVES THE PASSER'S HAND, EVERYONE ON DEFENSE MUST FLY TO THE BALL. NOTE: THERE ARE 11 ELIGIBLE PASS RECEIVERS FOR THE DEFENSE AND ONLY FIVE FOR THE OFFENSE.

6. MAKE THEM GO THE HARD WAY. EVERY PLAYER ON THE DEFENSE MUST MAKE THE OPPONENT "BLEED" FOR EVERY GAIN MADE. EACH DEFENSIVE PLAYER SHOULD KNOW THAT HE MUST NOT GIVE THE OPPOSITION THE "EASY TD"---THEY MUST EARN IT.

7. KNOW THE SITUATIONS: DOWN, DISTANCE, LONG SHORT, TIME REMAINING, MOST LIKELY PLAY (FROM SCOUTING REPORT), TACTICAL, GOAL LINE.

8. THE FIRST DOWN IS THE KEY DOWN. THE THIRD DOWN IS THE CRUCIAL---BIG DOWN. TO BE SUCCESSFUL, YOU MUST REPEL 60 - 70% OF THE 3RD DOWN SITUATIONS.

9. THE THREE MUSTS IN DEFENSIVE FOOTBALL:

 

EXPLOSION----------REACTION----------TACKLING

 

DO'S OF DEFENSE

 

1. FOOTBALL IS A PERSONAL WAR TO BEGIN WITH; AS A FOOTBALL PLAYER YOU ARE PART OF A TEAM, BUT AS A DEFENSIVE PLAYER YOU MUST BE TOUGH, ROUGH, AND AGGRESSIVE, WITH A BURNING DESIRE TO DESTROY THE OPPONENT'S OFFENSE.



2. THE NAME OF THE GAME IS HIT. TO DO A GREAT A JOB, YOU MUST HIT AT FULL TILT WITH YOUR ENTIRE STRENGTH ON EVERY PLAY.

3. BE IN EXACT POSITION ON EACH DEFENSE. YOU ARE PLACED IN THIS POSITION FOR A REASON AND THAT IS TO PROTECT YOUR TERRITORY PROPERLY. YOU CANNOT DO THIS AND BE OUT OF POSITION.

4. KEEP YOU HEAD UP - EYES OPEN - KEEP YOUR SHOULDERS SQUARE AND LOWER THAN YOUR OPPONENTS.

5. STRIKE YOUR OPPONENT AND DESTROY HIS BLOCK IMMEDIATELY. PLAY THE HEAD TOUGH AND FIGHT PRESSURE AS YOUR CONTACT IS MADE.

6. GET FREE OF YOUR OPPONENT'S BLOCK AS QUICKLY AS POSSIBLE - WORK FOR LATERAL MOVEMENT.

7. KEEP YOUR FEET ON A PARALLEL PLANE. KEEP YOUR KNEES BENT AND BEHIND SHOULDERS. KEEP OPPONENT AWAY FROM YOUR LEGS.

8. PURSUE! WE LIVE BY PURSUIT. PURSUIT IS DESIRE, HUSTLE, AND PRIDE IN DEFENSE. IF THE BALL IS IN YOUR IMMEDIATE AREA, MOVE LATERALLY TO THE BALL. IF THE BALL IS AWAY FROM YOUR AREA, BE SURE YOU TAKE THE CORRECT ANGLE OF PURSUIT TO GET TO THE BALL.

9. GANG TACKLE! THIS HELPS TO DEMORALIZE A BALL CARRIER. WE WANT EVERY PLAYER WE HAVE TO GET TO THE BALL AS QUICKLY AS POSSIBLE AND ARRIVE IN A NASTY STATE OF MIND.

10. BE ALERT FOR THINGS THAT WILL HELP YOU SUCH AS PULLING GUARDS, OFFENSIVE LINEMEN OR BACKS POINTING, ETC.

11. PLAY YOUR POSITION FIRST, THEN SUPPORT OTHER AREAS AS QUICKLY AS POSSIBLE.

12. SECOND EFFORT! CONSTANT HUSTLE! THESE ARE THE MARKS OF A GOOD DEFENSE.

13. BE TOUGH, AGGRESSIVE, AND QUICK! YOU CAN IMPROVE ALL OF THESE THINGS PLUS YOUR REACTION AND SPEED BY HARD, DILIGENT PRACTICE.

14. DESTROY - PURSUE - GANG TACKLE! MAKE THIS YOUR MOTTO.

 

DON'TS OF DEFENSE

 

1. DON'T CATCH THE BLOCK OF YOUR OPPONENT. (YOU HIT HIM)



2. DON'T PLAY AROUND YOUR MAN. (PLAY THROUGH HIM)

3. DON'T WATCH THE BACKS FOR THEY WILL DECEIVE YOU. (READ YOUR KEY AND FIND THE BALL.)

4. DON'T BURY YOUR HEAD ON THE GROUND. (HEAD AND EYES UP AT ALL TIMES)

5. DON'T MAKE UP YOUR OWN DEFENSES OR STUNTS. (YOU HAVE ALL YOU CAN DO TO PLAY THE ONES THE COACHES SELECT FOR YOU.)

6. DON'T LOSE YOUR POISE. (A HOT HEAD ONLY DEFEATS HIMSELF.)

7. DON'T FOOL AROUND WITH YOUR MAN. (DESTROY HIS BLOCK AND GET RID OF HIM.)

8. DON'T ASSUME THE PLAY IS OVER. (BE SURE - HUSTLE UNTIL THE BALL IS DEAD)

9. DON'T EVER RELAX ON DEFENSE. (BE READY AS SOON AS THE OFFENSIVE CENTER COMES OUT OF THE HUDDLE.)

10. DON'T EVER BE BURIED. (YOU HAVE A PERSONAL WAR WITH YOUR MAN - DESTROY HIM.)

 

TACKLING

 

DEFINITION: A TACKLE IS A DESIRED COLLISION BETWEEN THE OFFENSIVE BALL CARRIER AND THE DEFENSIVE MAN IN WHICH THE DEFENSIVE MAN MUST WIN.



OBJECTIVE: TO STOP THE BALL CARRIER FOR A LOSS, LITTLE OR NO GAIN AND TO GANG TACKLE.

TECHNIQUE: MEET THE BALL CARRIER COMING OUT OF A GOOD FOOTBALL POSITION. ALWAYS AIM THE FACE AND FOREHEAD FOR THE BALL. KEEP YOUR HEAD UP; YOU CANNOT TACKLE WHAT YOU CANNOT SEE. WRAP ARMS AROUND BALL CARRIER, DO NOT LEAVE YOUR FEET, WIDE BASE, SHORT CHOPPY STEPS, DRIVE THROUGH THE HIT, LIFT, AND CARRY. WHEN YOU PUT HIM DOWN, BURY YOUR SHOULDER IN HIS RIBCAGE. DO NOT CLOSE THE EYES. WRAP AROUND HIM VICIOUSLY, AND GRAB SKIN. IF YOU ARE CAUGHT IN A POOR FOOTBALL POSITION, MAKE THE TACKLE ANYWAY YOU CAN - GRAB FOR ARMS, LEGS, HEAD, ANYTHING YOU CAN GET A HOLD ONTO.

OPEN FIELD TACKLE

GATHER SELF AND COME UNDER CONTROL 3 TO 4 YARDS FROM THE BALL CARRIER, FEET CHOPPING AND KEEP EYES ON THE BELT BUCKLE. AS YOU COME UNDER CONTROL, LOWER HIPS AND GET INTO A GOOD FOOTBALL POSITION (BREAKDOWN) AND MAKE THE TACKLE.

TACKLING A PASS RECEIVER FROM THE REAR

PUT THE SHOULDER IN THE MIDDLE OF THE BACK AND FORCE THEM TO COUGH UP THE BALL.



PERSISTENCE OVERCOMES RESISTANCE!

WHEN I WON,

I THOUGHT I WAS LUCKY.

BUT THE HARDER I WORKED,

THE LUCKIER I GOT!

 

DEFENSIVE HUDDLE

 

O

M

S E T T E W

SS HB FS CB



FOLLOWING THE HUDDLE

 

O



E T T E

S M W

HB SS FS CB

 

1. FOLLOWING THE HUDDLE BREAK, POSITION YOURSELVES AS SHOWN ABOVE.



2. THE LINEMEN WILL BE DOWN ON THEIR KNEES SO THAT THE LB'S AND SECONDARY ARE ABLE TO SEE THE TEAM BREAK THEIR HUDDLE. THEY THEN MAY DETERMINE THE STRENGTH OF THE OFFENSIVE FORMATION AND ALIGN IN THEIR CORRECT POSITION ASAP BEFORE THE SNAP.

 

 





YOU ARE MOTIVATED

BY YOUR CURRENT

MOST DOMINANT THOUGHT

Defensive Line





BASIC RULES OF DEFENSIVE LINE

1. AN OFFENSIVE PLAYER FROM TACKLE TO TACKLE MAY NOT ADJUST HIS HANDS ONCE HE IS IN A 3 OR 4 POINT STANCE. HE MAY SHIFT FROM A 2 POINT STANCE, OR ADJUST HIS FEET. A SLOT, WING, OR TIGHT END MAY ADJUST THEIR STANCE.

2. FALL ON ALL FUMBLES -- DO NOT TRY TO PICK UP THE FUMBLE AND RUN WITH IT. THAT IS NOT YOUR RESPONSIBILITY. MAKE SURE YOU RECOVER THE FUMBLE USING GOOD FUMBLE RECOVERY TECHNIQUE. YOU MAY ADVANCE A FUMBLE THAT IS CAUGHT IN MID-AIR.

3. RECOVER ALL PASSES THAT DO NOT CROSS THE LOS. LET THE REFEREE DECIDE WHETHER IT IS FORWARD OR LATERAL.

4. NO LATE HITS AFTER THE QB HAS THROWN THE BALL OR WHEN THE RUNNER IS DOWN OR OUT OF BOUNDS. BE THE NASTIEST "LEGAL" PLAYER.

5. YOU MUST HAVE YOUR MOUTH GUARD IN DURING EACH PLAY. IT'S A PENALTY IF YOU DO NOT.

6. IF YOU ARE REPLACED BY A SUB, YOU MUST DEPART AT THE SIDELINE NEAREST YOUR BENCH.

7. THERE CAN BE NO PASS INTERFERENCE BEHIND THE LOS. BE RECKLESS IN HANDLING POTENTIAL RECEIVERS BEHIND LOS.

A. DEFENSIVE LINEMEN MUST KNOW FOR EVERY DEFENSE:

1. CALL - BOTH IN THE HUDDLE AND AT THE LINE.

2. ALIGNMENT - MUST BE EXACT - GIVES POOR BLOCKING ANGLES.

3. STANCE - MUST ALLOW YOU TO EXECUTE.

4. KEY - BOTH MOVEMENT AND DIRECTION.

5. RESPONSIBILITY - AREA YOU PRIMARILY DEFEND.

6. EXECUTION - TECHNIQUE TO DEFEAT MAN IN ASSIGNED AREA.

7. PURSUIT - PROPER ANGLE TO BALL - PASS RUSH IS INCLUDED.

B. KEY - NORMAL:

1. YOU ARE ALWAYS READY IN YOUR STANCE WHEN THE OFFENSIVE CENTER PUTS HIS HANDS ON THE BALL.

2. IF THE BLOCKER IN YOUR AREA OF RESPONSIBILITY IS:

A. IN AN UP STANCE, KEY THE BALL FOR MOVEMENT. GET OFF QUICKLY IF THE BALL IS SNAPPED AS IT WILL PROBABLY BE A PASS.

B. IN A DOWN STANCE, KEY HIS HAND FOR MOVEMENT AND HIS HEAD FOR DIRECTION

C. EXECUTION - VITAL TECHNIQUES:

1. STRIKING - ATTACK AND DEFEAT THE BLOCKER. KEEP YOUR PADS UNDER THE PADS OF THE OFFENSIVE BLOCKER AND ROLL YOUR HIPS ON CONTACT NEUTRALIZING HIS CHARGE. (LOW TO HIGH)

2. SEPARATION - ONCE YOU HAVE NEUTRALIZED THE CHARGE, USE HANDS TO CREATE SEPARATION.

3. DISENGAGE - AS YOU LOCATE THE BALL CARRIER, ESCAPE FROM THE BLOCKER.

4. PURSUIT - TAKE PROPER ANGLE TO GUARANTEE A COLLISION COURSE WITH BALL CARRIER.

5. TACKLING - END PLAY BY EXECUTING A SEAGULL TACKLE ON THE BALL CARRIER.

 

BASIC DEFENSIVE LINE TECHNIQUES

 

BASIC DEFENSIVE LINE STANCE

1. FEET ARE SPREAD THE WIDTH OF THE SHOULDERS APART A LITTLE WIDER. IF YOU ARE RIGHT HANDED, THE RIGHT FOOT SHOULD BE DROPPED SLIGHTLY AS THE RIGHT HAND WILL BE DOWN (LEFT FOOT AND LEFT HAND FOR LEFT-HANDERS).

2. THE RIGHT FOOT MUST HAVE NO MORE THAN A HEEL-TOE RELATIONSHIP.

3. FEET SHOULD ALWAYS BE POINTED STRAIGHT DOWN THE FIELD. THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT.

4. FROM THIS POSITION YOU DROP INTO A SQUATTING POSITION, DROPPING BOTH ARMS DOWN FROM THE SHOULDER AND SLIGHTLY IN FRONT OF THE KNEES.

5. THE FORWARD FOOT IS NOW PLACED IN A POSITION WHERE YOU HAVE POWER PRODUCING ANGLES AT THE ANKLES AND KNEE JOINTS. TO GET THIS POSITION YOU WILL ROLL THE WEIGHT FORWARD ON THE BALL OF THE UP FOOT. THIS WILL RAISE THE WEIGHT OFF THE HEEL TO A POINT WHERE YOU CAN SEE SLIGHT DAYLIGHT UNDER THE HEEL OF THE UP-FOOT. ROCK FORWARD.

6. THE HEEL OF THE BACK FOOT AFTER YOU ARE IN THIS POSITION WILL BE AN INCH TO TWO INCHES OFF THE GROUND WITH THE WEIGHT ON THE BALL OF THE FOOT.

7. THE SHOULDERS ARE PARALLEL TO THE GROUND. THE HEAD IS IN A NATURAL POSITION WITH LITTLE OR NOT MUCH STRAIN ON THE NECK MUSCLES. THE HEAD IS COCKED BACK SLIGHTLY.

8. THE RIGHT HAND IS DOWN, WELL FORWARD OF THE FEET, IN A DIRECT LINE WITH THE KNEE OF THE INSIDE LEG. THE BODY MUST LEAN FORWARD UNTIL THE RIGHT ARM IS VERTICAL WITH THE HAND DIRECTLY BENEATH THE SHOULDER. THE ARM IS PERPENDICULAR WITH THE GROUND.

9. THERE IS AN EQUAL AMOUNT OF WEIGHT ON BOTH FEET AND THE DOWN HAND IS IN A TRIPOD FASHION.

10. THE WRIST OF THE OTHER ARM SHOULD REST NATURALLY UPON THE KNEE OF THE LEFT LEG.

11. STARTING FROM THIS STANCE, YOU DRIVE OFF THE UP-FOOT, FIRING OUT WITH THE BACK FOOT. THE RIGHT HAND MOVES QUICKLY BACK ALONG THE GROUND, WHILE THE LEFT HAND IS "PUNCHED" IN THE DIRECTION OF MOVEMENT.

12. LINE UP ON THE FRONT TIP OF THE BALL.

13. EVERY PLAY STARTS WITH A STANCE. A GOOD STANCE IS THE FOUNDATION OF ALL YOUR MOVEMENT IN FOOTBALL.

 

DEFENSIVE LINE FUNDAMENTALS

 

THERE ARE SIX BASIC, FUNDAMENTAL DEFENSIVE LINE TECHNIQUES TO BE MASTERED:



1. ARM UNDER.

2. SWIM


3. SEAT ROLL (TO PRESSURE)

4. SPIN (TO PRESSURE)

5. SHOOT THE GAP

6. BULL RUSH

EVERY DEFENSIVE LINEMAN SHOULD PRACTICE THESE TECHNIQUES UNTIL THEY CAN BE EXECUTED FLAWLESS AND EFFORTLESSLY. WHEN YOU HAVE MASTERED THESE TECHNIQUES THEY WILL BE PERFORMED DURING THE GAME WITHOUT THOUGHT.

 

END DEFENSE

 

ALIGNMENT: YOUR BASE ALIGNMENT IS THE INSIDE EYE (SHOULDER) OF THE TIGHT END TO YOUR SIDE. IF THERE IS NO TE, YOUR ALIGNMENT IS ON THE OUTSIDE SHOULDER OF THE OFFENSIVE TACKLE TO YOUR SIDE.



RESPONSIBILITIES:

STRIKE THE OPPONENT!

YOUR ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE C-GAP (END-TACKLE GAP) TO YOUR SIDE.

ON OPTION YOU ARE RESPOBSIBLE FOR THE QB. IF PASS SHOWS, YOU ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR RUSHING THE QB FROM THE OUTSIDE IN. THE QB MUST NEVER GET OUTSIDE YOUR CONTAINMENT.

AGAINST THE SWEEP, YOU HAVE AN INSIDE-OUT ANGLE OF PURSUIT TO BE BALL CARRIER.

ON PASS, RUSH THE PASSER FROM THE OUTSIDE IN - NEVER FROM THE INSIDE OUT. ALWAYS CONTAIN THE QB. THE QB MUST NEVER GET OUTSIDE YOUR CONTAINMENT.

1. DRIVE FOREARM AND SHOULDER INTO BLOCKER'S PRESSURE SINCE THE SHOULDER AREA AND THE HANDS CAN RESIST BETTER.

2. KEEP SHOULDERS PARALLEL TO THE LINE OF SCRIMMAGE WITH FEET TOWARD THE GOAL LINE. KEEP YOUR OUTSIDE ARM AND LEG FREE.

3. PENETRATE AS DEEP AS THE BALL.

4. ON OPTION PLAYS RED DOG THE QB AND TACKLE FORCING HIM TO MAKE AS EARLY A DECISION AS POSSIBLE.

5. IF BALL IS HANDED BACK DEEP ON A POWER PLAY, PITCH-OUT, OR SPEED SWEEP, THEN WE WANT THE END TO GET HIS DEPTH AS QUICKLY AS POSSIBLE AND FORCE ANY BLOCKER TO SHOW HIS HAND DEEP IN HIS OWN BACKFIELD.

6. IF BACK APPROACHES TO BLOCK YOU, MEET HIM HEAD-ON IN ORDER TO DETERMINE WHETHER HE WISHES TO RUN INSIDE OR OUTSIDE YOU. YOU CAN DETERMINE THIS BY THE BLOCKERS HEAD-DIP AND PRESSURE.

7. THE DEFENSIVE END SHOULD REMEMBER THAT HE MUST CLOSE DOWN ON ANY PLAY GOING OFF-TACKLE AND KEEP EVERYTHING FROM GETTING AROUND HIM.

8. ON PASS, RUSH THE QB FROM THE OUTSIDE IN. CONTAIN RUSH. THE QB MUST NEVER GET OUTSIDE YOUR CONTAIMENT.

 

TACKLE DEFENSE

 

ALIGNMENT: YOUR BASE ALIGNMENT IS THE INSIDE EYE (SHOULDER) OF THE OFFENSIVE GUARD TO YOUR SIDE.



RESPONSIBILITIES:

STRIKE THE OPPONENT!

YOU ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR CONTROLLING THE A-GAP TO YOUR SIDE.

STOP THE TRAP. YOU, YOUR DEFENSIVE TACKLE TEAMMATE, AND THE MIKE LB'ER ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR STOPPING THE TRAP IN THE MIDDLE.

AGAINST THE OPTION, YOU ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE DIVE BACK, AND AN INSIDE OUT FORCE ON ALL WIDER PLAYS.

IF PASS SHOWS, RUSH UP FIELD TO THE QB. STAY IN YOUR PASS RUSH LANE. GET YOUR HANDS UP WHEN NEAR THE QB. TACKLE QB HIGH. KEEP YOUR FEET ON THE GROUND.

1. MOVE WITH BALL, HIT AND HUNT, FIGHT PRESSURE (THROUGH THE HEAD AND NOT AROUND THE TAIL) PURSUE, AND TACKLE.

2. YOU ARE TO CAUSE AS MUCH HAVOC FOR THE OFFENSE AS YOU POSSIBLY CAN.

3. THE PROBLEM IS TO RECOGNIZE THE VARIOUS MOVEMENTS WHICH THE OFFENSIVE LINEMEN WILL USE TO BLOCK YOU AND THEN BE ABLE TO REACT QUICKLY TO THESE MOVEMENTS.

4. IF THE CENTER ATTACKS YOU, FIGHT PRESSURE THROUGH HIS HEAD INTO THE HOLE.

5. IF YOU ARE BEING DOUBLE TEAMED, YOU MUST FIRST TRY TO SPLIT THE TEAM OR IF YOU CANNOT, SEAT ROLL INTO THE HOLE (TOWARD THE PRESSURE). DO NOT GIVE GROUND TO THE BLOCK. YOUR LAST RESORT IS TO MAKE A PILE ON THE LOS.

6. IF YOU ARE NOT BLOCKED AND LET THROUGH TO THE BACKFIELD CLEAN, YOU HAVE THREE RESPONSIBILITIES:

1.) THINK TRAP, SQUAT ON THE LOS, LOOK TO THE INSIDE- KEEP SHOULDERS PARALLEL TO THE LOS-MAKE TACKLE.

2.) THINK SCREEN, AFTER CHECKING TRAP CHECK TO SEE IF THERE IS A SCREEN PASS BEING SET UP TO YOUR SIDE,

3.) THINK PURSUIT, AFTER YOU HAVE CHECKED TRAP, COUNTER, AND REVERSE, AS WELL AS SCREEN, THEN THE PLAY IS GOING TO THE OTHER SIDE AND YOU MUST FLY IN YOUR PURSUIT COURSE TO THE BALL CARRIER TO GANG TACKLE HIM.

7. IT IS VERY IMPORTANT THAT YOU DO NOT PENETRATE DEEPER THAN THE HEELS OF THE OFFENSIVE LINEMEN. WHEN YOU GET TOO DEEP, YOU WILL LOSE YOUR ANGLE OF PURSUIT AND WILL NOT BE ABLE TO MEET THE BALL CARRIER AS HE CUTS TO THE HOLE. NEVER CHASE THE BALL.

8. YOUR CORRECT ANGLE OF PURSUIT IS DOWN THE LOS.

 

PURSUIT COURSES

 

A PURSUIT COURSE IS ONE WHICH TAKES YOU FOR A REUNION WITH THE BALL CARRIER.



THE OBJECTIVE IS TO GET TO THE POINT OF INTERSECTION IN AN UGLY FRAME OF MIND. NEVER TAKE A PURSUIT COURSE FOLLOWING A JERSEY OF YOUR OWN COLOR.

PASS RUSH




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