|By: Montgomery Stambaugh, Ashton Miller, Abby Kling
Chapter 26 DBQ
During the period of 1865 to 1900, advancements in technology, changes in government policy, and decreasing economic conditions greatly changed American Agriculture. With technological advances such as railroads, refrigerator cars and growing crops machines, farmers felt it gave them a sense of ease with the amount of labor that was used. Also with government policy, it states the Homestead Act, Indian Removal Act, and culture clashes. Farmers didn’t like the acts because it often affected their farming but with them they got more land. As economic conditions were decreasing, it affected the Gold Standard, starving people, and crop production. Farmers didn’t appreciate how they had to pay more and buy higher priced manufactured goods. American Agriculture drastically changed over time due to the changes caused by these things.
Technology improved agriculture during the period of 1865-900. Railroads were built all across the west and cattle trails disappeared. Goods were transported from east to west and west to east. But the agriculture in cattle raising decreased because of these numerous railroads. Land grants also became more and more popular as the years went on. (Doc B) Laws on railroads were causing many problems. One case was even carried to the Supreme Court. (Doc C) Refrigerator Cars were invented to transport meat from west to the east without spoiling it. Machines were also invented to ease the work of cultivating crops. Harvesting wheat was extremely important because it was one of the crops that could actually grow in the dry west. (Doc D)
Within government policies, acts that were enforced in the West changed how American agriculture ran with farming and other fields. There were many acts that were put into effect like the Homestead Act and Indian Removal Act, but also cultural clashes put the government in certain situations. The Homestead Act was put into effect because the farmers had to harvest their wheat in the West. They took advantage of the act to farm on the local land that was available. (Doc D) With the Indian Removal Act the government policy forced the Indians to move to smaller locations. Americans needed more land to farm and make a living out of the agriculture. The Indians then were forced to live on reservations. (Doc I) As cultural clashes became a problem in the West, fighting over land became more extensive than over. More lives were lost, especially with women and children. Because of the immigration that became big, the population grew causing a shortage of crops and the starving of many people and children. (Doc F)
Economic Conditions did change American Agriculture in the years of 1865-1900. During 1865 crops were expensive, and none were produced. By the 1900’s, prices were lowered and a great amount were produced. Cotton was the main crop that was manufactured. (Doc A) The farmers had to rent and share the land, this caused them to have to pay local taxes and go to the local stores to buy and sell their goods. Because of this, the farmers created The Farmers Alliance. They wanted to end the adverse effects of the Crop Linen system, and establish income tax to speculate profits. (Doc E) Money issues brought the sub treasury plan. The plan was sought to revolutionize credit and marketing arrangements for staple crops especially cotton. Farmers had 1 year to sell crops. They had a fee for storage, and unsold crops could be liquidated. This caused less money, so no farmers could afford to buy or produce crops so the children starved. (Doc G) We would have plenty to eat if there were as many natural disasters. (Doc H) The cross of the Gold Speech given by William Jennings Bryan, it was a call for the free coinage of silver. (Doc J)
From the period of 1865-1900, American agriculture was changed because of technology, government policy, and economic conditions. With the changes that were made, the farmers agreed with some but also disagreed with others. Technology impacted the way crop production advanced. The government policies created problems with sectional tension with certain acts that were enforced. Also with economic conditions, they decreased with caused a rift with farmers with the buying and selling of their goods in the markets. Due to these effects, American agriculture will never be seen the same.