Bulliet, chapter 2 The Late Bronze Age in the Eastern Hemisphere



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Bulliet, chapter 2



The Late Bronze Age in the Eastern Hemisphere


  1. East Asia and independent invention



  1. Location and boundaries: ancient china virtually isolated from the surrounding world by such natural barriers as the Gobi Desert, the Tibetan mountain plateau, and the Pacific Ocean. Chinese cultural patterns of relative homogeneity developed within this context



  1. Topography: Of China’s land surface, one-fifth consists of coastal and river plains; the remaining four-fifths of mountains, plateaus and hills. Not suitable for agriculture, the mountainous terrain contributes little to China’s food output



  1. Important Rivers: Hwang He (Yellow River) & Yangtze



  1. Yellow River and loess



  1. Wheat and millet in the ________, ________ in the South



  1. Rice yields and nutrition per acre



  1. Shang Dynasty (traditionally dated 1766-1122 B.C.E.)



  1. Shang kings and the role of divination and ancestor worship (intermediaries)



  1. Writing system of the Shang (symbols and _____grams)



  1. Shang dynasty and far-reaching trade networks (______, ivory and mother of pearl)



  1. China and silk



  1. _________ as a sign of status and nobility ---- also, for ritualistic purposes



  1. Zhou Dynasty (1122-221 B.C.E)



  1. “Mandate of Heaven”



  1. Fundamental social unit of the Zhou period



  1. Warring States Period (5th century to 221 B.C.E.)



  1. Confucius (551-479 B.C.E.)



  1. Confucianism and social harmony



  1. Yin/Yang



  1. Daoism



  1. Qin Dynasty



  1. Legalism



  1. Han Dynasty (202 B.C.E.-220 C.E.)



  1. Elements of culture in late Bronze Age Middle East



  1. Hyksos invasion of the Middle Kingdom: A Semitic people who invaded Egypt and ruled it during the 17th and 16th centuries B.C. They introduced the horse and chariot into Egypt.



  1. New Kingdom of Egypt: (1580 to 1090 B.C.E.) The New Kingdom was noted for its territorial expansion and richness of art and architecture under rulers such as Rameses II.



  1. Pharaoh Hatshepsut Queen of Egypt (1503-1482) who on the death of her husband, Thutmose II (c. 1504), became regent for her son Thutmose III. She bestowed the title of pharaoh on herself and adopted all the pharaonic customs, including the wearing of a false beard.



  1. Pharaoh Akhenaten (1375?-1358? B.C.E)



  1. Pharaoh Tutankhamen (c. 1358 B.C.)



  1. PharaohRameses II (1304-1237 B.C.E): Known as “Rameses the Great.” King of Egypt whose reign was marked by the building of numerous monuments. He was probably king during the Jewish exodus from Egypt.



  1. Kush: An ancient kingdom of Nubia in northern Sudan. It flourished from the 11th century B.C. to the 4th century A.D., when its capital fell to the Ethiopians



  1. Nubia: A desert region and ancient kingdom in the Nile River valley of southern Egypt and northern Sudan. After the 20th century B.C. it was controlled by the rulers of Egypt, although in the 8th and 7th centuries an independent kingdom arose that conquered Egypt



  1. Nubia and natural resources



  1. Nubia as matrilineal society



  1. Egyptian aggression toward Nubia



  1. Nubian dynasties of Egypt ( XXV Dynasty (712-663 B.C.E.)



  1. states of Eastern Mediterranean, North Africa and West Asia and access to key raw material



  1. Hittites (Anatolia and northern Syria about 2000-1200 B.C.E)



  1. transportation in West Asia revolutionized in the late Bronze Age by the introduction of the _________



  1. shift in power to Meroe in 4th century BCE (center of agriculture and _________)



  1. Minoan civilization (advanced Bronze Age culture that flourished in Crete from about 3000 to 1100 B.C.E)



  1. Eastern Mediterranean trade



  1. Minoan frescoes and statuettes



  1. Indo-European peoples



  1. Greek terrain



  1. Mycenaean civilization



  1. Linear B: A syllabic script used in Mycenaean Greek documents chiefly from Crete and Pylos, mostly from the 14th to the 12th century B.C.E.



  1. Troy: An ancient city of northwest Asia Minor near the Dardanelles. Originally a Phrygian city dating from the Bronze Age, it is the legendary site of the Trojan War and was captured and destroyed by Greek forces c. 1200 B.C. The ruins of Troy were discovered by __________________ in 1871.



  1. The Iliad and Odyssey



  1. Early Greek communities in Mycenae, Thebes and Pylos



  1. Long distance trade (exports: wine and __________ & imports: amber, ivory, ______ and tin)



  1. colonization



  1. catastrophe in Middle East and Mediterranean region around 1200 BCE


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