British Imperialism in India



Download 6.32 Kb.
Date conversion29.04.2016
Size6.32 Kb.
27-4: British Imperialism in India

As the Mughal Empire declined, Britain seizes Indian territory and soon it controls almost the whole subcontinent.


British Expand Control over India

East India Company Dominates

• British East India Company rules India until 1850s

• Company has its own army led by British officers

• Army is staffed by sepoys—Indian soldiers


Britain’s “Jewel in the Crown”

• India is Britain’s most valuable colony, or “jewel in



the crown”

• Forced to produce raw materials for British

manufacturing

• Also forced to buy British goods


British Transport Trade Goods

• Railroads move cash crops and goods faster

• Trade in specific crops is tied to international

Events
Impact of Colonialism

• British hold much of political and economic power

• Cash crops result in loss of self-sufficiency, famine

• Indian life disrupted by missionaries and racist

attitudes

• British modernize India’s economy, improve public

health
The Sepoy Mutiny



Indians Rebel

• Sepoys refuse to use cartridges of new rifles for

religious reasons

• Many Sepoys are jailed; others start Sepoy



Mutiny against British

Many Indians, especially Sikhs, remain loyal to

British

Turning Point

• British put down rebellion, take direct command of

India

Raj—term for British rule over India, lasts from 1757



to 1947

• Uprising increases distrust between British and

Indians
Nationalism Surfaces in India

Call for Reforms

• In 1800s, Ram Mohun Roy leads modernization

movement

• Many Indians adopt western ways and call for

social reforms

• Indians resent being second-class citizens in own

Country
Nationalist Groups Form

• Indian National Congress and Muslim League form



• Nationalists angered by partition of Bengal

- pressure forces Britain to divide it differently


The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page