British Imperialism in India



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British Imperialism in India


  1. Native India

    1. Mughal Empire (1526-1857)

      1. Empire founded by __________________

      2. Ruled …

    2. Fell into decline in early 1700s

      1. _____________________ _____________________were getting stronger

      2. ________________________ forces getting stronger

  2. European Imperialism background

    1. British East India Company (EIC) exploited weakness of Mughals

      1. Founded in 1598 =>

      2. Competed against …

      3. Became favorites of __________________ in India during 1600s

        1. Eventually …

        2. Became leading European power in India after ________________

    2. Officially, British government regulated the EIC

      1. Actually, EIC ruled India after 1720 =>

      2. British officers & __________________ =>

  3. “Jewel in the Crown”

    1. Most valuable …

    2. New market =>

      1. Industrial revolution created …

      2. Laws restricted sale of Indian goods =>

    3. Raw materials and cash crops =>

  4. Effects of Colonialism

    1. Positive effects

      1. Major railroad network built =>

      2. Infrastructure built up and strengthened India =>

      3. British built schools, colleges =>

      4. British cleared India of …

    2. Negative effects

      1. British held all political & economic power =>

      2. Emphasis on ____________ __________________ hurt native villages

      3. Racism threatened …

    3. Social division

      1. Upper class Indians …

      2. Lower class Indians …

  5. Sepoy Mutiny (1857)

    1. Rumors spread that cartridges for guns of sepoys were …

      1. Had to bite cartridge to break seal

        1. Muslims don’t eat ______________

        2. Hindus considered ______________ sacred

      2. Both religious groups outraged =>

      3. British handled it badly =>

    2. Sepoy mutiny

      1. Sepoy rebelled, =>

      2. Uprising spread …

      3. Brutal fighting =>

      4. EIC needed British government help

        1. Due to disunity of Indians…

        2. Result =>

  6. Raj – British control of India from 1857-1947

    1. British __________________ ________________ put in charge of India

    2. Governor carried out orders of Home Government

      1. Increased …

      2. Led to birth of ____________________ _____________________________

        1. Indians resented …

          1. Denied …

          2. Paid less

        2. Nationalist groups began to form, gain popularity

  7. Mohandas Gandhi

    1. Lawyer and leader of …

    2. Pioneered resistance to British domination

      1. Mass …

      2. Total ______________________________

    3. Inspired …

    4. Assassinated by …


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