British Imperialism in India Trading Posts

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British Imperialism in India

Trading Posts

  • The British East India Company set up trading posts at __________, Madras, and __________. At first, India's ruling Mughal Dynasty kept European traders under control. By 1707, however, the Mughal Empire was collapsing. Dozens of small states, each headed by a ruler or maharajah, broke away from Mughal control.

Robert Clive

  • Robert Clive was a British soldier who established the military and political supremacy of the ____________________ in Southern India and Bengal. He is credited with securing India, and the wealth that followed, for the British crown.

  • Clive had led an army from Madras and in 1758 defeated Sirajudaula at the "Battle of ____________" and became the governor of Bengal under the banner of the East India Company. From there he was able to launch successful military campaigns against the _______and stop the expansion of the Dutch.

British East India Company

  • During the 1700’s and 1800’s the East India Company slowly took control of India

  • As the _____________ Empire grew weak, the East India Company grew in economic and political strength and began to build its own military force

  • The military force mainly consisted of _____________, Indian soldiers, led by British commanders

The British

  • The British wanted many of the _________________ India produced - cotton, indigo, jute (burlap), spices, sugar, and tea

  • These material were shipped to Britain for use in British factories – finished products were then shipped around the world to British colonies

  • There were some ____________________ of the British invasion – railroads, education, hospitals, common language,

  • There were ________________ too – low wages, few rights, no say in government

The Sepoys

  • 96% of the company's army of 300,000 men in India were native to India.

  • British believed they were _______________________ and looked down upon their dark-skinned compatriots.

  • In the military, Sepoys could not be _______ to high ranks and the pay was miserable.

  • British did not respect Indian cultural or religious traditions and beliefs.

  • The use of the _______________ rifle

Mangel Pandey – Scene One:
1. What were the Sepoys concerns with the new Enfield Rifle?

Mangel Pandey – Scene Two:

  1. Why does Captain Gordon tell the sepoys that there is no problem with the cartridges?

  1. Why does Mangal Pandey use the weapon?

Mangal Pandey – Scene Three:

4. What does Mangal Pandey find and how does he react to this discovery?

Mangal Pandey – Scene Four:

  1. How do the Sepoys react after Mangal Pandey’s bold actions? What do you think is now going to happen between the sepoys and their British officers?

Mangal Pandey – Scene Five:

  1. What are the sepoys fighting for?

  1. Who do you think will win this conflict and why?

  1. What impact do you think the Sepoy Mutiny had on the Indian people? Explain.

Sepoy Rebellion

  • The strength of British control angered many of the Indians – in 1857 the sepoy troops rebelled – this is sometimes known as the ___________________________

  • The British suppressed the rebellion and abolished the British East India Company

  • India became a British colony

  • In 1877 Queen Victoria took the title ____________________

Jewel of the Crown

Eventually, India's Mughal rulers became puppets of the British. In 1857, British troops exiled the last of the Mughal emperors after an uprising by the Indian people. Nineteen years later, the British proclaimed Queen Victoria ___________________________.

Read the following and watch the video on the SillWorld website!
he Practice of Sati (Sutee): Widow Burning in India

Sati (also called Sutee) is the practice among some Hindu communities by which a recently widowed woman either voluntarily or by use of force or coercion commits suicide as a result of her husband’s death. The best known form of sati is when a woman burns to death on her husband’s funeral pyre. However, other forms of sati exist, including being buried alive with the husband’s corpse and drowning.
The British East India Company recorded that the total figure of known occurrences for the period 1813-1828 was 8,135. After the death of a husband a Hindi widow was expected to live the life of an aesthetic, renouncing all social activities, shaving her head, eating only boiled rice and sleeping on thin coarse matting. To many of these women, death may have been preferable, especially for those who were still girls themselves when their husband’s died. Maha-sati stones (hero-stones) were erected in memory of brave women who committed sati and are periodically worshipped.
At the end of the 18th century, the influx of Europeans into India meant that the practice of sati was being scrutinized as never before. Missionaries, travelers and civil servants alike condemned the practice of sati. In 1827, the Governor-General of India finally outlawed the custom in its entirety, claiming it had no sound theological basis. Banning sati, however, was considered a direct affront to Indian religious beliefs and therefore contributed to the end of the British Raj.

  1. What is the practice of sati and why is it performed?

  1. How did British imperialism affect the ritual of sati?

  1. Should the British have interfered with these sacred Indian rituals? Explain.

Directions: Read the information below and decide whether this was a positive or negative effect of imperialism on India. Mark a “P” for positive and an “N” for negative.
_____ Creation of a Court System based on English Laws _____ English was made the official language of India

_____ British education was set up, giving many the opportunity _____ British created a civil service exam (needed to pass to

to be educated get a government job)

_____ Western medicine introduced, hospitals were built _____ Ancient Indian culture and practices were banned

_____ British law outlawed the Caste System _____ Few Indians held government positions

_____ British education stressed Western culture and history _____ British encouraged production of cash crops which led _____ British banned the practice of Sati (burning of widows) to a decrease in food crops

and child marriages _____ British built roads, bridges, railroads throughout India

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